According to experts, Anorexia Nervosa occurs in about 1 in 100 to 200 young women. Anorexia is an eating disorder that is also known as self starvation. It can begin at any age and gender, but usually affects adolescents and young adults (mostly women). People with eating disorders are not able to give in or respond to hunger, so they severely limit their food intake. Anorexia has many different causes and can affect people in horrible ways.
Though the exact causes are not determined, Anorexia nervosa is caused by a combination of biological, psychological, and social factors. Society puts lots of pressure on looking “”perfect Most times success and worth equals to being thin. When watching tv or looking through magazines 9/10 you’re going to see the average thin model/actress. This causes people to feel insecure about their bodies, so they turn to eating disorders like anorexia to fit society’s “”acceptable image.
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Some people with anorexia have certain mental issues that causes them to starve themselves. Some have obsessive compulsive personality traits which makes it easier for them to stick to strict diets and to put off eating even though they’re hungry. They may even be a perfectionist. So, even though they are already skinny, they think they’re never thin enough. Also, they could have high levels of anxiety, so they restrict they’re eating to help reduce it.
It hasn’t been determined which genes are involved, but changes in certain gene may put certain people at risks of anorexia. People who have relatives- parents, siblings, or a child- who have dealt with anorexia have a higher risk of anorexia. Life transitions can be a factor also. A new school, breakups, or a death of a loved one, changes can bring emotional stress and increase the risk of anorexia.
Extracurricular activities and jobs can contribute to anorexia. Lots of sports such as ice skating, track, dance, and gymnastics puts pressure on you to be thin to be a succesful athlete. Sometimes coaches and parents encourages their athletes to lose weight to get better and that sometimes can cause them to run to eating disorders like anorexia. Also with jobs like modeling and acting can lead someone to anorexia because eyes are always on them and theyre willing to do whatever to look good and stay relevant.
Even though anorexics starve themselves they still see themselves as if they are fat. Instead of seeing how sickly skinny they look in the mirror, they see fatness. Anorexia affects the body in many negative ways. Anorexics can’t think right, become moody, irritable, has bad memory, and has changes in brain chemistry. Anorexia causes anemia, which is when the body does not have enough red blood cells, and other blood problems. Anorexics muscles become weak, skin gets dry, bruises easily, and turns yellow. Also kidney failure is possible due to severe dehydration. The most dangerous health problem due to anorexia is the effect of the heart. They have an abnormally slow heart rate, low blood pressure, and palpitations, which eventually leads to heart failure, and death becomes a serious possibility. If someone with anorexia becomes extremely malnourished, every organ in the body can be damaged. Damages done may not be curable even if the disorder is under control.
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