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How to Make Perfect-Structured Research Paper: Best Tips

Written by David Santana
Posted: October 30, 2021
Last update date: March 22, 2024
9 min read

A research paper is a piece of academic writing that contains independent research analysis and argument. A research paper’s structure helps the writer organize their ideas, and PapersOwl would give ways to structure your academic research paper. It also shows their findings and communicates their contribution. The claim that gives significance to your work must be backed up by data and a logic that gives it credibility.

  • You can get a free guide from PapersOwl on properly structuring a research paper.
  • We also provide common mistakes and corrections in the research paper outline.
  • This article will provide examples and writing process tips for each section.

Why Is It Necessary to Maintain the Research Paper Structure?

The structure of an academic research paper outline is a part of the process that requires the most attention. It has many helpful functions that assist during the writing and define the writer as a scientist. The basic structure has the following functions.

  • Expository function. It reflects all the ideas that will be shown in the task.
  • Informative function. For potential readers, the structure is a first glance at the issue. It is the first piece of data that is available to them.
  • Structuring function. All the parts of writing a research paper are essential. They include appendices, figures, and tables. They will help during writing as they become the reflection of the order of the ideas.

Understanding the Research Paper Structure Parts

As is typical for all types of academic writing, a research paper has many components. They include the title page, abstract, Introduction, method, findings, discussion, conclusion, references, and acknowledgments. A research paper has a specific format divided into various important sections, one of which is the introduction of the research paper, and each serves a distinct purpose. Writing a straightforward and successful paper requires coherence. Understanding of the components of the research paper structure is also required. Doing so helps the writer provide the reader with a more thorough message that they can better grasp.

Title and Abstract

The title page is the first page of the paper that shows the paper’s title and the author’s name (s). It also shows the affiliation(s), acknowledgments, and other specific information relevant to the topic. The abstract is a concise summary of the paper that includes the main problem, question, or goal of the study, the methods used, the result section of the research paper or findings, and the implications or contributions of the study. The title page is the start of the investigation that reflects the organization of the core idea.


The Introduction is the first section of the paper. It provides the background and context of the study. It reviews the relevant literature and states the research question or hypothesis. It also outlines the main points or technical arguments of the paper. The Introduction is a brief presentation of the main topic combined. Review the current state of the investigation in the present scientific papers and community.

Literature Review

This section examines pertinent research and earlier studies, spotting knowledge gaps. It also finds new prospects on the subject. A good literature review for a research paper gives a broader view of the study and language. It also allows the reader to understand other related works better.


The methods section describes the design, participants, materials, procedures, and data analytics methods for conducting the study. This section, the methods section of a research paper, should be equipped with all the events and details used to arrive at the research outcome. The methods section should provide enough detail. In case other researchers need to replicate the study.


The results section reports the main findings or outcomes of the study. Various means like figures, tables, graphs, charts, or other visual aids present the data. The main results sections should be objective and factual, without interpretation or discussion.


The discussion section interprets and evaluates the results of the study. It should explain how they answer the research question. It should show how they relate to previous studies. State the limitations or weaknesses of the study. Write out the implications or recommendations for further research or practice.


The conclusion section summarizes the main points of the paper. Restates the central research question or hypothesis. Highlights the main contributions or implications of the study. The conclusion section should refrain from introducing new information. Refrain from repeating what has been said before.


The annotated bibliography is an overview of the reference list. Include the utilized materials, both digital and physical resources. The references section lists all the cited sources in the paper, using a consistent citation style (such as APA or MLA.). Only used or quoted sources should be in the references section. Sources that were only consulted or read should be irrelevant.


Appendices should contain all the supplementary materials like charts and statistics materials. Mathematical solutions and formulas that describe the situation most effectively.

Tips for Structuring a Research Paper

Restructuring can help you organize your ideas. Moreover, present your key findings, and communicate your contribution to the scholarly debate.

Here are some tips to address a typical research paper:

  • Consider the Target Audience: Your target audience is the readers who will read. They would be there to appreciate your research paper. They are the end users of the academic work paper. To write for your target audience, you need to have observed. You need to know their characteristics, needs, and preferences. Adapt your purpose, content, and style to suit their expectations and interests.
  • Begin with an Outline: An outline can help you to clarify your thesis statement and research question. Identify the main points and any argument that supports your thesis. Structure your paper according to the required format and guidelines.
  • Provide Clear Signposting: Providing clear signposting is important for guiding your reader through your argument. It helps in showing how your ideas are connected. Signposting can help you to state the main purpose of your paper. Also, state the main point and sub-points. Show the relationship between different points.
  • Use the “context-content-conclusion” approach: This approach consists of providing the background and motivation for your paper. State your research question or problem. Formatting guidelines and outlining the structure of your paper. Present your outcome and evidence logically and summarize your main points.
  • Summarize your research in the abstract: An abstract is a concise summary of your paper that includes the main aim, methods, results and discussions, and research paper conclusions, as it paints a more precise picture before digging deep into the body of work. A summarized work in the abstract when research writing attracts attention.
  • Explain the importance of your research in the Introduction. This is crucial when research writing your typical research paper. It convinces the reader that your paper is worth reading. You can also tell a brief story that illustrates the problem or issue that your study tackles.

Mistakes in Structuring Research Paper

A research article is a formal document presenting a scientific study’s results and discussion. Many researchers make mistakes when writing research papers. This usually affects the quality of their work.

Some common mistakes are:

  • The Introduction is an extensive review of the literature. It should not be a lengthy summary of all the previous studies on the topic. It can bore the reader and obscure the main point of the paper.
  • The Methods section should describe how the study was organized. This includes the design, sample, procedures, instruments, and data analysis methods. Provide enough explanation and detail to understand and evaluate the study’s validity. Other researchers might intend to replicate or extend it.
  • The Results section should be separate, concise, and focused on the main research question. Put detailed tables that contain supplementary or secondary information in the appendix or a supplementary file. The results can also be expressed in the text.
  • In the Introduction and Discussion, back up key arguments with appropriate references. They should also acknowledge and cite the sources of their ideas. This would avoid plagiarism.
  • The References section should list all the cited sources in the paper. Use a consistent and standard format for publication. It should include up-to-date and accessible references. It should focus on the current state of knowledge on the topic.
  • The Discussion section should interpret and explain the results. It should be about the research questions, experiment, and objectives. Compare them with existing literature.
  • Talk about the applications of the results for theory, practice, or future research in the Discussion section. It should address the limitations of the study. This includes sample size, design flaws, measurement errors, and generalizability issues.
  • The research paper should include something other than superfluous or irrelevant information. Remove anything that does not intend to contribute to the research question. Do not add opinions or anecdotes.

Research Paper Structure Example


Various sites offer a good deal of basic structure types on the Internet. Of these types of research papers, research articles structured in APA or MLA are the most popular.

Here is an example of the research paper’s main parts:


  1. The importance of the problem.
  2. The description of the current situation.
  3. List the objectives of the investigation.


Meditation is a practice that involves focusing your attention on a single object, thought, or sensation. This practice is a powerful tool that helps to cultivate inner peace and well-being. Rooted in ancient traditions and religion, meditation has gained significant attention in contemporary scientific research. This paper delves into the impact of meditation on the human mind and body, examining its physiological, psychological, and emotional benefits.

By exploring various meditation techniques and their effects on stress reduction, cognitive enhancement, emotional regulation, and overall well-being, this research aims to shed light on the transformative potential of meditation and its implications for personal growth and holistic health. Through a comprehensive analysis of existing studies and empirical evidence, this paper presents a compelling case for integrating meditation practices into daily life, highlighting its potential to enhance our physical and mental well-being profoundly.

This introduction contains all the necessary parts, which include:

  • A catchy hook to draw and hold the reader’s attention.
  • Background information to help the reader understand the relevance of the research.
  • The objectives and purpose of the study.
  • A thesis statement.
  • The scope of the research.


  • Organize the process.
  • Define the method.
  • Describe a potential sample.
  • State the procedure of data collection.


  • State the results of the gathered material.
  • Describe the elements of your work.
  • State the key points of the investigation.

The body part consists of several paragraphs, they are the basic building blocks of research papers. Each one should focus on a single claim or idea that helps to establish the overall argument of the paper’s purpose.

Here is an example of a well-structured paragraph:

Meditation is commonly practiced because of its ability to reduce stress. According to Jha et al. (2015), regular meditation practice can be linked to a significant decrease in cortisol, the stress hormone. In the study, a group of participants underwent a mindfulness meditation program for eight weeks, and the results showed a significant reduction in cortisol levels compared to the control group. This suggests meditation can effectively improve the body’s stress response, promoting relaxation and calmness.

  • Sentence 1 is the topic sentence. It introduces the idea to be explored in the paragraph.
  • Sentence 2 is the evidence. It provides evidence for the idea outlined in the topic sentence.
  • Sentence 3 is a supporting sentence. It provides additional details of the sample study.
  • Sentence 4 is the closing sentence. It summarizes the main point of the paragraph.


  • Write the results of the work.
  • Analyze the results with the set goals.
  • Define the perspectives for future investigation.

Here is an example of the conclusion paragraph:

Meditation is a simple and effective way to improve one’s mental and physical health. By practicing meditation regularly, one can experience less stress. Also reduces anxiety and depression. It boosts concentration, memory, and creativity. It doesn’t require extensive training—just a little guidance and motivation. So embrace this practice, experience its wonders, and invite serenity and growth into your life.

This conclusion does the following:

  • It restates the main idea or thesis of the article.
  • It summarizes the main points or arguments that support the thesis.
  • It provides a recommendation.

Bottom Line

A research report needs to be logical, precise, and brief. Follow the typical parts and structure. It consists of the Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. The guide above would have helped you write research papers, plan a research paper, and impress others with top-quality paperwork.

It should be clear of pointless details that could irritate the reader. If you still need help, you can ask for a research paper writer service that works without days off and around the clock.

Apply the basic structure for a better understanding of the message. It benefits the readers, communicates your scientific research better, and gives scholars an ambiance.

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