How to Write a Literary Analysis Essay

What is a Literary Analysis Essay?

College and high school lecturers give students the task to write literary analysis essays in order to check students’ ability to examine, analyze, and sometimes evaluate a work of literature. Creation of a good literary essay seems sophisticated and time-consuming. We want to bust this myth by providing you with a simple scheme, which contains a tried and tested plan of actions. This will serve as a guide to help you through the whole writing process. It is not necessary to summarize the plot as your professor evaluates the way you’re analyzing the main ideas and conflicts of the book.

If you want to make the process of writing a literary analysis productive, a consequent plan of action is a must-have for every student. When you know the structure, verbalizing your idea becomes easy.

How to Start Writing a Literary Analysis Essay?

The main goal of creating a literary analysis essay is to convince your potential readers that you have supported the idea you are developing.

PREPARATION: Are going to analyze a novel, a play, a poem or a short story? - Be sure that you know the peculiarities of the citation style of your future essay. Quotes have to be properly attributed with the correct page numbers and lines. It is better to specify this information at the very beginning.

TOPIC: The topic is a notion you should take into consideration first, as the given topic contains the central idea of your essay. Your essay must cover the topic you are writing about. Check out some example works that may be given to students:

  1. Darkness and Light in Anne Caston’s Narrative Poem “Anatomy”.
  2. “The Great Gatsby”: An Emotional Journey.
  3. Chaos and Structure in 'A Clockwork Orange' and 'Paradise Lost'.
  4. Trans-realism as the first literary movement of 21st century aiming to kill off ‘consensus reality’. Describe the process of the establishment of the genre.
  5. “The Picture of Dorian Gray”: The Conflict Between Morality and Aestheticism.

THESIS: The thesis conveys a unique idea about the work. Make your thesis about the text and develop your essay supporting your ideas using evidence from the book. A thesis for a literary essay must:

  1. Relate to the theme of the piece.
  2. Suggest how this idea is revealed by the author.
Need help with writing a literary essay?

Steps to Writing a Successful Literary Analysis Essay

INTRO: The introduction is the first paragraph with a HOOK, which catches the interest of a reader. It includes the author and the title of the piece and prepares the essay for the major thesis. So be careful when you start a literary analysis essay.

BODY: The body paragraphs are the supporting paragraphs of a literary essay. It has to combine a support sentence, commentary, and a concluding sentence. Use literary techniques and devices in order to prove your thesis. Use specific quotes and examples to maintain your idea and cite them.

How to Conclude a Literary Analysis Essay

CONCLUSION: The Conclusion is more than a typical summary as it has to synthesize the elements of the analyzed text. The importance of your literary essay should be illustrated in your conclusion and demonstrate that you have defended your literary argument.  To make a long story short, it is the last paragraph in your literary essay which answers the “so what?” question your reader may have after reading your essay. 

Main Tips for the Whole Writing Process:

Remember that writing a literary analysis essay resembles the writing of many college essays. Use your previous experience and organize the time and the whole working process wisely. Check out the following essential tips:

  1. Follow the 5 W’s before the beginning of your essay: Who, what, where, when, why.
  2. Know the exact requirements of your professor.
  3. Follow the structure: Intro+Body+Conclusion.

It is high time to proofread your work. Done!

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