How to Write an Argumentative Essay

Argumentative essays empower students to voice their opinions while engaging in a dynamic exchange of ideas with their peers. Within its very essence lies a transformative opportunity for self-expression, blending the realms of reason and creativity into a harmonious symphony.

Yet, the path to crafting stellar argumentative essays transcends mere presentation of evidence. It necessitates delving into the depths of extensive research, unearthing the fundamental framework and prerequisites that underpin this intellectual pursuit.

At the end of this article, you will have learned.

  • The significance of starting with the basic theory as a solid foundation for crafting good argumentative essays.
  • The purpose of an argumentative essay: to present your opinion on a controversial topic and convince readers of its trustworthiness.
  • The importance of supporting arguments with well-researched evidence to establish the accuracy and validity of your claims.
  • The need to collect substantial evidence and utilize it effectively to build persuasive arguments throughout the essay.

You will also realize:

  • Good argumentative essays often focus on literature as a primary subject for exploration and analysis.
  • The need for emphasizing the pairing of complete evidence collection with thoughtful reasoning to construct solid arguments and persuade others to adopt your point of view.

Is writing essays your hobby?

Participate in our "Independence Day of the United States" essay writing competition and get a 12-month Quizlet subscription.

  • Deadline: July 24, 2023
  • Topic: Declaration of Independence
  • Language: English
  • Length: 1000-5000 words
  • Font size: 11 or 12
Writing essays

What Is an Argumentative Essay?

It is wise to begin with the fundamental principles whenever possible. Argumentative academic essays are a great way to voice your thoughts on a hot-button issue and convince your audience that you're right. The point is to show that what you're saying is accurate and that others should follow your lead by presenting proof to back up your statements.

Literary works are often the focus of good argumentative essays. In an argumentative research essay, you should remember to gather persuasive facts, craft compelling arguments, and use these to back up your thesis and win over your readers. A well-written argumentative essay will have the following traits:

  • Clear thesis statement: Argumentative essays have a clear and concise thesis statement summarising the writer's main point or opinion.
  • Controversial topic: It's about a subject that makes people have different opinions and arguments, which leads to intellectual conversations.
  • Arguments based on evidence: An argumentative essay uses logical thinking and strong evidence to support the main points and convince the reader.
  • Research-oriented: It requires further research and exploration of credible sources collecting evidence, statistics, facts, and examples that reinforce the writer's argument.
  • Counterargument consideration: An argumentative essay acknowledges opposing viewpoints and counterarguments, addressing them to strengthen the overall argument and demonstrate a well-rounded understanding of the topic.
  • Organization and structure: It has an introduction, body paragraphs with topic sentences, supporting proof, and a conclusion summarising the main points.
  • Persuasive language and rhetoric: Argumentative essays use methods like logical appeals (logos), emotional appeals (pathos), and ethical appeals (ethos) to persuade the reader that the writer's point of view is correct.
  • Clarity and coherence: It stays clear and makes sense throughout, using transition words and other devices to ensure ideas and lines flow smoothly into each other.
  • Critical thinking and deep analysis: An argumentative essay encourages critical thinking by comparing and contrasting different points of view, weighing the facts, and making well-reasoned decisions.
  • Audience awareness: It considers the target audience's knowledge, values, and beliefs and adjusts the arguments and language to engage and convince the readers.

Rhetorical Devices in Argumentative Writing

A strategy for persuading the reader is the rhetorical technique. This technique helps you appeal to your audience’s emotions and convince your opponent to think your way and see your perspectives even. The great thing about using rhetorical devices in your argumentative writing is that it works for written academic essays and your speaking. Remember that you can purchase an argumentative essay already written. Most argumentative essay writing services frequently employ this style of writing. Let’s discuss rhetorical devices in detail.

Aristotle states three basic types of rhetorical devices: logos, ethos, and pathos. His triangle begins with logos, the first part of the triangle. This method appeals to the listener's or reader's sense of logic and reason and prompts them to take action in response to the argument presented — our ability to think critically through the logic behind an idea.

The second device is ethos. Ethos is used to establish the author's credibility and stature. This increases the likelihood that your audience will take your statements seriously. People always pay attention to a person's educational background and social standing. You can demonstrate your competence by using this strategy.

Finally, we have pathos. Its purpose is to make the listener or viewer feel something. However, here, emotional appeal is not necessary. It may be rage, impatience, or sympathy, but those are the emotions the writer intended to stir up.

By keeping these strategies in mind and mastering their application, you may ensure that your arguments will be as persuasive as possible and that no counterarguments will be raised. This is the main point of any argumentative article.

It takes a lot of time and effort to write an argumentative essay. Finding a custom essay writing firm like that can provide support and direction throughout the process is helpful. The organization will assign you a writer who can complete your order satisfactorily. Tips and suggestions on organizing your argument, creating compelling arguments, and ensuring that your essay convinces readers are also available.

Know how to structure your paper

  • 12-point Times New Roman
  • 0" between paragraphs
  • 1" margin all around
  • double spaced (275 words/page) / single-spaced (550 words/page)
  • 0.5" first line of a paragraph
Proceed to order

PapersOwl editors can also format your paper according to your specific requirements.

Right Structure

Basic Structure of Argumentative Essay

An argumentative essay's framework deviates slightly from other types of essay writing. The essay can be broken down into three sections: the introduction, the body, and the conclusion. However, the specifics of what goes into each section will vary substantially from one job to the next. You need to know a few things if you want to know how to start an argumentative essay. Let’s discuss the fundamentals of essay structure that will make it easier to compose an argumentative paper.

It is essential to consider the structure of argumentative essays before beginning to write an argumentative essay. Create an outline for your argumentative essay to help you organize your thoughts while you gather source materials. The introduction is the opening section of an expository essay. The purpose of the introduction paragraph is to familiarize the reader with the work's subject matter and provide background information. This section of the text is also meant to hook the reader's interest and encourage them to continue exploring the piece.

There is a good reason why this section is called the body paragraph. This paragraph presents the essential concepts and elaborates on them in an argumentative piece of academic writing. This is the evidence section, where you can lay it all out for your opponent and try to win them over. Create a new paragraph for each central point you want to make. Three body paragraphs are the typical length for the main section.

Now for the conclusion and structure of argumentative essays. Here, you'll need to detail the findings you made during your research. The final results should always align with the expectations outlined in the initial sections.

Argumentative Essay Thesis Statement

Beginning an argumentative essay with a well-developed thesis statement is a great way to grab the reader's interest. It's one sentence that can serve as a roadmap for the rest of the text and simplify things. Naturally, at this point, you need to know what you are making, and your defined thesis statement needs some fine-tuning. There are three key points to take away from this, all of which can be used in argumentative writing.

  • Start with a query. Your instructor may give you a question to answer. If you can't find a suitable alternative, you must create one yourself.

Example: What impact has the internet had on the tech industry?

  • You should respond to that query right away. Applying the same reasoning as before, we find:

Example: In the technological sector, for instance, the internet has spurred exponential growth and opened up countless new avenues for exploration.

  • Finally, make sure your thesis statement is spot-on. Simply put, you need to modify it to fit in with the rest of your essay. We'll give you the one that follows the same pattern as the one up top.

Example: Internet-enabled devices that are both practical and beneficial to users have become a primary priority for the world's largest technology companies.

The structure of argumentative essays plays a vital role in presenting a clear and organized flow of ideas, enabling the writer to effectively convey their arguments and persuade the audience.

Here is a section outlining the typical structure of an argumentative essay:

  • Introduction

The introduction serves as the opening of your essay, capturing the reader's attention and providing essential context for the topic. It begins with a hook, such as an intriguing fact or a thought-provoking question, followed by background information to familiarise the reader with the subject matter. The introduction culminates in a clear and strong thesis statement that presents the main argument or claim of the essay.

  • Thesis Statement

There should be only one complete sentence here. A thesis statement is a sentence or two that sums up your argument. Make things simple enough.

  • Body

Multiple subsections follow the introductory paragraph and thesis statement. Plan everything carefully and specify every detail. Justify your position and argument with relevant evidence, whether assertions, thoughts, statistics, or anything else you can think of. To simplify the process, use a sample argumentative essay outline as a guide. To simplify this process, it is recommended that you examine as many samples as possible.

  • Conclusion

In this section, briefly restate your main points. Keep it brief and powerful so that your readers get the point. Try not to throw them off. A weak conclusion might severely compromise an essay's overall quality. You shouldn't bring up your thesis here. Refrain from trying to counter my points or introducing anything else. The conclusion in an argumentative essay should be equally powerful and uncomplicated.

Build your thesis statement

This is AI-powered online tool that lets you create a thesis statement about any topic you need.

  • Simple interface
  • Works with any type of paper
  • Absolutely free
  • Unlimited attempts

Types of Arguments in Argumentative Essay

The allure of the argumentative essay format is undeniable, captivating both readers and writers alike. It provides a structure for you to express your point of view and persuade others with the compelling truth it contains. However, it is essential to note that this format has many structural and content restrictions. In this section, you'll learn three effective methods for constructing arguments, giving you the tools to sidestep heated discussions. If you feel this is too much work, remember that you can always buy a college essay and free up some of your time. Brilliant minds have struggled endlessly throughout history to develop viable methods of argumentation. We aim to break down these persuasive strategies so that you can use them in your writing process with complete assurance.


We've told you about the main ways Aristotle used rhetoric. But now we'll add the framework of how argumentative essays are put together. Aristotle used reduction to the point of folly as one of his tricks. With this method, you have to start from the opposite side. You say that your chosen theory is wrong, and then you build on it to the point where it makes no sense. The reader will then realize that such a statement is ridiculous and be convinced by your original point. Aristotle explained his method by saying that an idea can't simultaneously be true and false.


According to the designer of the Toulmin model, bringing in preexisting notions is more important than proving a new hypothesis through argumentation. The reasoning model comprises six parts: the claim, grounds, warrant, qualifier, rebuttal, and backing. Only the first three parts of Toulmin's case must be done. The rest can be done if you want to. So here’s what to do:

  • Provide a claim.
  • Provide data.
  • Provide information that proves and backs up the claim.

When using the Toulmin model, you must also show that you have thought about other ways to do things.


The Rogerian model also has four steps. Again, you can say these repeatedly as many times as you want. The Rogerian argument is based on the idea that both sides should be as tolerant and respectful as possible. Here are the steps that will help you write an argumentative essay well and back up your point of view. What do you do?

  • Talk about the opposing points of view and what's good about them.
  • Find flaws in those points of view
  • Share your point of view.
  • Try to find a way to solve the problem.

The body of an argumentative essay will have anywhere from three to five body paragraphs, and you should use as many clear points and facts as possible. Keep in mind that each paragraph is a separate part of the essay. So, when you write an argumentative essay, each section needs its case and evidence.

If you don't like any writing process or lack time, which is a problem most students have, you can always use the famous "write my argumentative essay" service. You'll get an essay written by a professional to get you the grade you've hoped for. The writer will worry about the thesis statement, each body paragraph, which side of the case to take, and much more. You'll only need to read the work when it's finished.

Implementation of Counterarguments

When writing a powerful argumentative text, the use of counterarguments in an essay emerges as opposing viewpoints that challenge your arguments. Mastering the fundamental techniques to address them is key. It may seem counterintuitive to introduce opposing arguments, fearing they may undermine your credibility. However, skillfully highlighting their weaknesses can work in your favor.

Firstly, incorporating the opposing arguments showcases your professionalism and deep understanding of the topic. Secondly, it provides an opportunity to demonstrate the superiority of your claims over opposing viewpoints.

When introducing a paragraph with a counterargument in your argumentative essay, consider using phrases such as:

  • Critics think that...
  • The other side of the argument is given by...
  • There are compelling arguments in favor of the opposition...

Once you have presented the opposing position, counter it with evidence supporting your beliefs. Engage in a respectful yet compelling discussion, meticulously refuting the opposing position's arguments. Your objective is to demonstrate the strength and truthfulness of your arguments. Allocate a dedicated paragraph within the main section of your argumentative essay to explore this idea.

This process demonstrates intellectual rigor and a comprehensive understanding of the topic. Moreover, you fortify your position as a persuasive writer capable of effectively addressing and overcoming counterarguments, thereby solidifying the validity of your claims.

Tips for Argumentative Writing

Here is one section you will want to read and know more about. The argumentative essay writing tips here are helpful and can make this task more manageable. Your teachers have used these tips, and they are obtained from them.

Choose the Topic or Define your Prompt

One of the most essential tips and things you can do here is to choose good argumentative essay topics. This can have a significant effect on the overall writing. Topics for argumentative essays possess a wide variety. You will want to write an argumentative essay like that, and you will want to make it sound better. If this is impossible, you must write on the assigned argumentative essay topic, which is much more complex. Here are some interesting argumentative essay topics to inspire you:

Two-sided Question: Is using technology in the classroom beneficial or detrimental to students' learning outcomes?

One-sided Question:

  • Should the use of cell phones be allowed in schools?
  • Is social media more harmful than beneficial to society?
  • Is homeschooling a better alternative to traditional schooling?

Make Up Your Mind

Here's a tip that can help you more than you think. You need to make a decision and figure out what the facts and reasoning are. If you want to write about the first example above:

  1. Pick one.
  2. If you like traditional books, discuss what you admire about them and give reasons to back up your claim.
  3. If you like e-books, look for opinions about this type of media. If you don't have time, you can ask someone to write a philosophy paper for you, and the job will be done in minutes, not days.

It can take a few days to write an excellent argumentative essay.

Consider your Target Audience

This is not a standard piece of advice. But it does matter. If you are a business of professional essay writers writing for college students, you need to use different reasons than if you're writing for seniors. Always think about who you're writing for and how to make the text better for them. Remember that you have to use general reasons if you don't know who your audience is. Ensure you do a lot of study and have access to all relevant sources to ensure you have everything you need to get the desired result. Also, because of the stress of deadlines set by professors, many students find it helpful to purchase college essays from experts to ensure they are doing good work. This lets them get the desired grade and can be a significant part of their school performance.

Find Accurate Facts

All the information you need to support your argument must be accurate and not slanted. You'll need to use numbers, stories, studies, surveys, and more here. Don't use ''lost'' information that is useless. If you do that, a writer competing with you can make your writing look less accurate and essential. If you find it hard to keep up with your writing, hire a custom essay writing company to do it for you.

Write a Draft

You must write the whole text here, but it doesn't have to be finished. You must use all the steps and facts you want to include in the paper. But don't look at or try to write all the lines because you'll have to show them to the teacher. The draft is your essay's first lesson, so it needs to be improved, checked for details, and finished. The professor will only be given the second or third version. You must give background knowledge and everything else you can think of.

Edit and Proofread your Paper

The last tip, which is also the last step, is to proofread your paper, look for problems, and fix them. The goal is to make your work look good enough for a professor or teacher to read. For this step to be done right, you should always use all the ways you can. Someone you know can help. You can get help online and do a lot more. The result should be a beautiful paper precisely how you want it to be. There can't be any mistakes, mistakes, or other things.

Know how to structure your paper

  • 12-point Times New Roman
  • 0" between paragraphs
  • 1" margin all around
  • double spaced (275 words/page) / single-spaced (550 words/page)
  • 0.5" first line of a paragraph
Proceed to order

PapersOwl editors can also format your paper according to your specific requirements.

Right Structure

25 Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas

Let’s showcase the top concepts that might serve as springboards for further thought, writing, and other creative endeavors. The importance of carefully selecting your writing surface cannot be overstated. This is the superior choice that all expert essayists advocate. If you have a topic you don't like, you may always buy an argumentative essay and finish the task quickly. It is a prudent course of action. How will you put pen to paper on such a topic if you don't even care? Whatever the case, we've compiled 25 argumentative essay prompts that we think you'll find helpful.

  1. Is animal testing fair?
  2. Are teen beauty pageants justified?
  3. Is the ban on smoking in public places undemocratic?
  4. Should social media platforms be banned from collecting their users' data?
  5. Should companies have to hire human workers overusing autonomous machines?
  6. Should phones be banned from vehicles?
  7. Has the internet made society better?
  8. Should parents limit screen time for kids?
  9. Is the use of nuclear energy a viable solution to address climate change?
  10. Should school uniforms be mandatory in public schools?
  11. Is it justifiable to use military force to intervene in foreign conflicts?
  12. Is online learning as effective as traditional classroom education?
  13. Should marijuana be legalized for recreational use?
  14. Should parents have the right to homeschool their children?
  15. Is social media contributing to increased loneliness and isolation?
  16. Should college athletes be paid for their participation?
  17. Is the use of animals for scientific research justified?
  18. Should the voting age be lowered to 16?
  19. Is censorship necessary in the digital age?
  20. Should the government provide universal basic income?
  21. Is using animals for entertainment, such as in circuses or zoos, ethical?
  22. Should the use of plastic bags be banned to protect the environment?
  23. Should genetically modified organisms (GMOs) be labeled on food products?
  24. Is it fair to implement affirmative action in college admissions?
  25. Should euthanasia be legalized?

Argumentative Essay Example

College sports generate billions of dollars in revenue for universities and the NCAA, yet the athletes receive no compensation beyond scholarships. This is an unjust system that needs to change. College athletes deserve payment for their hard work and dedication to their sport.

Firstly, college sports have become a big business. These athletes are essentially employees of their schools, bringing in millions of dollars in revenue each year. It is only fair that they receive a portion of this money. Without the athletes, there would be no college sports.

Secondly, many college athletes come from low-income backgrounds and struggle to make ends meet. While they may receive scholarships, this does not cover all their expenses, such as food and housing. These student-athletes often have to work part-time jobs in addition to their athletic and academic commitments to make ends meet. This is not a fair or sustainable system. Opponents may argue that scholarships are sufficient compensation for college athletes.

However, scholarships do not cover all expenses or provide any compensation for the athletes' time and effort. Furthermore, only some athletes receive full scholarships, and even those who do may need more to cover their expenses.

Another argument against paying college athletes is that it would create an unfair system where only certain athletes or sports receive compensation. However, this can quickly be addressed by creating a system that distributes funds fairly across all sports and athletes.

In conclusion, college athletes deserve to be paid for their hard work and dedication to their sport. The current system is unjust and unsustainable. Paying college athletes would not only be fair, but it would also help to alleviate financial struggles for many student-athletes. It is time for universities and the NCAA to step up and do the right thing.

Here is our analysis of the argumentative essay sample:


  • The introduction begins with a strong statement that college sports generate significant revenue, but athletes receive no compensation beyond scholarships.
  • It highlights the unjust nature of the current system, setting the tone for the essay.

Thesis Statement:

  • The thesis statement clearly states the author's position that college athletes deserve compensation for their hard work and dedication to their sport.
  • It sets the essay's main argument, indicating the subsequent body paragraphs' direction.


  • The first body paragraph highlights the financial success of college sports and how athletes contribute to generating revenue.
  • It emphasizes the athletes' role as employees of their schools and argues for their fair share of the generated income.
  • The second body paragraph focuses on many college athletes' financial struggles, emphasizing the insufficiency of scholarships to cover all expenses.
  • It establishes a case for the athletes' need for additional financial support.
  • The third body paragraph anticipates and addresses potential counterarguments, refuting the notion that scholarships are enough compensation and highlighting the disparities in scholarship coverage.
  • It argues for including all athletes in the compensation system to address potential unfairness.


  • The conclusion restates the thesis and summarizes the main points discussed in the body paragraphs.
  • It reaffirms the unjust and unsustainable nature of the current system.
  • The conclusion emphasizes the potential benefits of paying college athletes, including fairness and alleviating financial struggles.
  • It concludes with a call to action for universities and the NCAA to make the necessary changes.

In sum, this essay makes a compelling case for compensating collegiate athletes. It has an engaging introduction, a well-stated thesis, and logical body paragraphs that support the main point. A logical conclusion summarizes the main points and persuasively calls for change while acknowledging and refuting the opposing views. The essay is illustrative because it makes a compelling case for rewarding college athletes by providing supporting evidence and logic for its claims.



What is the purpose of an argumentative essay?

The purpose when you write an argumentative essay is to present your opinion about a controversial topic and to try and persuade the readers that your opinion is trustworthy. You need to convince the reader that you have the right side of the story and your claims are the ones that are accurate and should be adopted by others.

How to start an argumentative essay?

A great way to begin to write an argumentative essay and to catch the reader’s attention is to elaborate a thesis statement. It is basically one sentence that will guide you through the process of writing and can make the whole thing much easier. Of course, you need to know what you are creating at this point, and you need to polish your thesis statement so it is perfect.

How to end an argumentative essay?

The conclusions become the final paragraph. In this part, you need to describe the results obtained during the work. The conclusions must necessarily coincide with the goals indicated in the introductory paragraphs. This is necessary to keep the story connected. So, the best way to end your argumentative essay is to summarize your reasons.

Which question can help a writer revise an argumentative essay?

The best questions that an author can ask while writing an argumentative essay are: Is the reasoning persuasive enough? Did I mention enough evidence to reinforce my speech? Is the idea of my essay directly connected with the argumentation? Are the introduction and conclusion coherent? Did I accomplish the purpose of the essay? Am I more persuasive than my opponents?

Was this article helpful?

Thanks for your feedback!


Simply fill out the form, click the button, and have no worries!

By clicking “CONTINUE”, you agree to our Terms and Conditions, Privacy Policy, and to receive promo emails.