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How To Write A Toulmin Essay Outline: Structure, Explanations And Template

Do you have yet another analytical paper to write? Learning how to write a logical essay takes much practice. Many students struggle with organizing their work in a way that adequately meets their teacher’s requirements or gives a concrete analysis.

The Toulmin model essay is such an approach that is designed to help you structure your work. But if you’ve never done one before, you may be at wits end not even knowing where to begin. So we’ve put together this handy guide to help you go through the motions of putting together a Toulmin essay outline that will be on target and work to get you a good grade.

What is a Toulmin essay?

A Toulmin analysis essay focuses on building arguments that follow a logical pattern to help students develop complete ideas and validate a hypothesis. You can use it for a comparison essay or even follow a model from our argumentative essay writing services to use as a reference for your own papers.

Toulmin model

This approach, developed by British Philosopher, Stephen Toulman is a framework based on evidence and counter-arguments. It includes six components from your claim and goes through a process to validate or refute the stated claim. So let’s examine the components of the Toulmin essay structure.

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How to Write a Toulmin Model Essay Outline?

Before writing any paper, you need a plan to approach your topic. The best choice is to create an outline. Your teacher may require an outline as part of your work. In this case be sure to structure your outline according to your courses formatting style, such as APA or MLA. Some students prefer to use a graphical format for planning out their work, creating boxes for topics, and connecting to circles for supporting references. Whichever method you choose, be sure to include the required sections to ensure you don’t leave anything out. But, unfortunately, there are cases when you don't have enough time for this. It would be a good idea to purchase essays and get them by the specified deadline.

Introduction For An Essay

The most critical part of your intro is your claim, which is the thesis the rest of your work will revolve around. Your claim should be easy to understand and be negotiable to give relevance to your work. But do not lead your text off with this section, first develop a nifty hook to capture interest. You may wish to include a quote related to your topic or an interesting, yet, an unknown fact to give your paper justice.

Body Paragraphs

In the core part of your paper, you’ll diverge from a standard academic paper and present a structured analysis, much like a research paper. In your body paragraph outline, start with what is known as the data section. Create a line item list of relevant facts related to your hypotheses. Be sure to label them as Datum #1, Datum #2, etc. With your data spilled out, the next parts of your Toulmin analysis are your warrants.

This part explains the hows and why that support your argument is rational. List out your warrants (as you did Datum) explaining how your data justify your initial hypothesis With a good start to explain the reasons for your paper, you’ll include Backing for each warrant you had listed. This is extra details that further explain the aforementioned section. The final aspect of supporting your claim is to list out any qualifiers that explain how your warrants are valid.

One of the more interesting parts of this style is the Rebuttal portion. Here you state any counter-arguments that try to prove your claim wrong as well as any potential arguments against your Toulmin essay structure. It is important to know how to argue against yourself to present a strong analysis. So do not do a half-hearted job on this part.

Conclusion Part Of Toulmin Essay

To get top points in your text, be sure to conclude properly. In this type of paper, you should interpret the data through the analysis and validate or refute your claim. Be sure to state the strengths as well as weaknesses of the paper. You may also detail any shortcomings with the warrants and areas for future research. Never include new information as that belongs in the body.

A Toulmin essay outline is an essential tool for academic essay writers to effectively argue a point. It allows them to structure their thoughts, create a main argument and support it with valid evidence. With a clear structure in place, they can better focus on the essay's content and the logic of their argument.

Toulmin Essay Outline Template and Example


Hypothesis to evaluate


  • Datum #1
  • Datum #2
  • Datum #3


  • Warrant #1
  • Warrant #2


Explanation of the warrants and how they relate to your data. Include scientific studies, research, statistical data, etc.


  • Existing counter argument
  • Potential counter argument


  • Strength of the claim
  • Strength of counterclaims
  • Is the claim valid?

How to Write a Good Toulmin Essay?

The secret to success is all in a good plan and logical analysis. This is accomplished by developing a strong outline that considers points for and against your claim. Teachers often assign this task to determine your ability to think critically and develop strong ideas. In addition to the essay structure, be sure to proofread your paper for any mistakes, particularly the proper rules of using semicolons if you’re a bit rusty.

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Editors on PapersOwl can edit your paper and give recommendations on how to improve your writing:

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The Toulmin method is a great style to learn if you’re given analytical work. Through its proper execution, you will learn to develop strong arguments and predict any shortcomings in your own research. But if you lack time or motivation, a professional writer may be the way to go. Give us a call and we’ll get it done for you.

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