Each person who applies for the Ph.D. program is to submit his or her application together with the research proposal. Ph.D. proposal is a summary of the whole investigation you are willing to conduct. The main reasons for doing this are as follows:
The process usually takes 3 (full time) or 6 (part time) years. For different fields, different standards and steps of writing are required, but the key ones are provided below. The size limit also depends on the requirements. Usually, it’s 1,000 – 3,000 words. Whether it is a quantitative or empirical research, it’s vital to structure your proposal well to make it attractive, logical and significant for a particular subject area.
It is the initial thing the supervisors see in your paper. It can be changed in the process, but try to use at least the “keywords”. There must be an indication of the questions or issues you are to address. It must determine the topic or the subject area for further investigation.
This paragraph is a summary of a nowadays state of knowledge presented in the works of different researchers, PhDs, MPhils, etc. That’s a background of the paper. You are to read as many sources as possible and give your feedback on them. Then identify the gap in the literature – this opens many issues to work on. The purpose is that you are a part of a larger system – you enter the particular field of investigation with fresh ideas and impact the future researchers. Here are suggested the tips which will help in dealing with this task:
It is crucial to emphasize on the problems relating to the above-mentioned literature gap that you’ll deal with while writing this paper. Your readers should grasp the idea why your personal interest, see your suggestions and realize why does it concern them.
Your primary task is to deliver the weight of your paper to all the readers. After reading the sources and identification of the gap and problems, it’s easy to write an introduction. This is the synthesis of the last two steps. Here you have to mention: the summary of the literature you base on, the gap and problematics. During your study, many questions will arise. Insert the most challenging ones in the introductory paragraph. While reading this section, everyone has to realize the significance of the work as well as understand your purpose for writing it. It is also preferable to explain your personal interest in this area of study and in what way you will conduct the experiment.
It is preferable to include the paragraph from your research paper in the proposal. It may be a text of above 100 words where either the problem is identified, or your suggestions on the gap are given.
These two issues aim to assure your reader that the paper is promising. You analyze the existent ideas, not do the complete research. The point here is to make your work noticeable and exciting to read with the help of logical organization and various persuasive methods which will fulfill all the objectives of your study. Well-organized paper attracts the readers’ attention and boosts the value of the project.
A proper methodology is necessary, especially if you’re doing an empirical research. Basically, the methods include using the library archives and even interviews. Do not forget to give the arguments “for” each method and describe how they will contribute to reaching your aims. To have the exact picture of this section, look for the example of methods for the paper entitled “The impact of the environment on the juvenile delinquency in Phoenix, Arizona”:
To examine the central questions, the following research methods will be used:
Naturally, each method should be described.
Here you set the timetable of the whole work on the paper. Discuss a bit what will you do during particular weeks, months or year to achieve your goals connected with this investigation.
The paper must include the sources you’ll use in the research. There are two options:
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