How to Write a Good Lab Report for College

Learning science takes more than reading a good book. Experiments, observations, and conclusions are crucial in science education. That is why all students should learn how to write a lab report introduction, body, and conclusion like a pro.

Experiments and observation help students verify conclusions reached by others. College students should see things and validate scientific knowledge. They can support their laboratory observation with what is written in books.

But to share your observations and findings with others, you should know how to complete a lab report the right way. This type of academic writing is based on facts and scientific observation, with little or no focus on narrations. A scientific method should be followed in composing an excellent report.

Writing a lab report can be a time-consuming and tedious task, so it's helpful to have an online essay service like PapersOwl to assist you. With our experienced writers, you can get your lab report done quickly and accurately, allowing you to submit it with confidence. So if you're looking for an online essay service to help with your lab report, PapersOwl is a perfect choice.

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What Is Lab Report?

There are many types of writing you will need to do while at college. But, writing a lab report can be the most appealing and the hardest. In this report, you will have to talk about an experiment.

There you will need to include three things:

  • The first one is to discuss what actually happened during the experiment. What was the purpose of the experiment, and how did you do it?
  • The second purpose is to present data you discovered. These must be accurate, as you can assume.
  • The third purpose here is to draw a conclusion from the experiment you did. You need to know how to write a lab report conclusion and also how to present results and discussion perfectly.

Due to the nature of these reports, they can be very hard, and you may need to invest a lot of time in the writing and of course, a lot of time in the experiment.

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Tips on How to Make Your Lab Report Perfect

You will need to know how to write a college lab report like a professional. This is mandatory, and there is no other way. Luckily, we have a few tips that can help you with the process. These tips are simple but very effective. At the same time, they can make any typical lab report better and look more professional. Yes, you should use these.

Use The Hook

The hook is part of the intro, and here, you will use a story or something that will catch the readers' attention. It can be how your experiment will change the world or even cure a disease. As always, use a proper college lab report format when you are writing lab reports. But add the hook into all of them.

Provide a Table

A table is a must-have here. A science lab report will have a lot of data, and you need to present that data to the readers in the simplest form. A table is an excellent method to do that. Try to organize the table in a way that readers can see all the essential data in seconds.

Speculate Any Errors

As with all experiments, there are errors. You need to speculate about these. When writing a lab report, the results section has a huge role in all of this. But, adding the error speculation can make you look even more professional. Reveal all methods and materials, calculate values, and explain the whole process. Do this in conclusion.

Present Flowchart

Here you need to present your lab report method, things needed, and also the whole process. It will contain one page, and it will tell a reader what he needs if he wants to repeat the experiment. Do not do this in the conclusion section. There you can add how results relate to something important.

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Five Steps on How to Write a Good College Lab Report

Whether you are studying chemistry, biology, microbiology, or physics, writing high-quality lab reports is a crucial part of your academic studies. Aspiring scientists and students need a good laboratory report when they’re inventing something, proving facts, or elaborating on findings. That is why every science student should learn how to write a formal lab report that meets adequate academic criteria.

This is not just another piece of academic writing you want to hand in, hoping for good grades. It’s a chance to demonstrate an understanding of a particular topic by drawing conclusions. Here is how to write a good lab report:

  • Devote time to the task
    It’s crucial to explain why you’re writing this report. What’s the goal of your academic assignment and what are you trying to prove? Moreover, you should elaborate on all procedures followed in running your experiment and the techniques used to prove your conclusion.
  • Use a Flowchart
    This is a roadmap that keeps readers focused while reading your assignment. They can always refer back to the flowchart if they’re confused while reading.
  • Accurate Data Taking
    Taking notes is the most crucial part of learning how to write a lab report for biology. Take notes of everything going on in the lab. Use a pen, so you don’t accidentally erase something by mistake. You might erase something thinking that it’s wrong, only to find out that you were right in the first place.
    Use all your senses; eyes, ears, and nose, and record everything. Make sure that you write detailed descriptions of all machines used, materials, their concentration, and temperatures.
  • Explain in Details
    Now that you’re out of the lab, it’s time for the lab report process. This means going back to your data and writing everything neatly. Some professors expect tables and graphs because they provide useful information. Mention all calculations and formulas used. This helps readers follow your report and see how you reached your results. Students should also mention units.
  • Write the Conclusion
    The conclusion is a crucial part of the lab report format. It’s a summary of what you did, research findings, and results obtained. A conclusion reminds readers of the details of your experiment. Even if something didn’t go as expected, mention it and explain how you plan on improving it in the future.

How to Write the Main Sections for Lab Report?

A formal lab report has several important parts. To complete your assignment in excellent quality, pay attention to each part and work on it properly.

  • Title Page

Some lab reports don’t require a title page. But if your professor asks for one, mention the title of your experiment, the students' names, the instructor’s name, and the submission date.

  • Abstract

This is a summary of the purpose of your lab report. It should explain the key findings and major conclusions. Mention the methodology or theory on which the experiment is based. By reading the lab report abstract, interested readers will have an idea of what they will read.

It should be brief and still contain all relevant information, including the numerical values of the results. It should also include a summarized description of all procedures.

  • Lab Report Introduction

The introduction of any academic assignment is the writer’s chance to grab the attention of readers. Your lab report introduction outline is a summary of the major steps in the experiment while mentioning some background information. Mention your hypothesis or what you believe before running an experiment to prove it. Your introduction should tell readers what is the problem or issue and explain how your experiment can expand knowledge to solve this issue.

  • Method

Your method section is an integral part of a formal lab report. Methods should always be written in the past tense and not in a narrative way. Lab report writing is based on facts and should follow a scientific approach. Mention the methodology or theories and variables that will affect results. Methods adapted from other sources should be referenced.

  • Materials For Laboratory Report

Here, students list everything used in the experiment. This gives readers the chance to duplicate the experiment if they wish to. Use complete sentences, and don’t list materials like a recipe.

  • Procedure Section

Here, don’t confuse readers by writing too many words. Keep it simple and list actions in the order they happened. Use the active voice and MLA bullet points or lists so readers can repeat the experiment later on if they wish. While writing your experiment procedure, you should avoid being too brief; otherwise, you might give up clarity.

  • Discussion Section

Explaining relationships is vital in writing or working on the lab reports. How does your experiment relate to other work in the same field? This is what you need to include in your lab report discussion to provide useful information to readers. You have probably received some questions in your lab manual. In the discussion section, integrate these answers into a logical discussion rather than answering them one by one.

  • References

This is a list of all scientific papers that you’ve used to run your experiment. References should be written on a separate page at the end of your assignment. Readers can refer to these references if they need to read more. This is also a good way to avoid being accused of plagiarism.

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How to Format a Lab Report Correctly

When you are writing any type of lab report, follow the right formatting style. Professors expect you to submit your task before the due date, so there will be a chance to revise and edit.

Lab reports are either written in APA or MLA styles. Both are widely accepted, but they differ in the way to list the cited sources. MLA follows the author-page format, while APA follows the author-page format for in-text citations. Some students prefer to hire reputable lab report writing services to finish their tasks on time.

Use 1-inch margins and use a Times New Roman 12-point font to compose your lab report. Page numbers should be on the upper right-hand corner, starting from the first page. Refer to your lab manual and set of instructions before writing your assignment, and make sure that you’re following the right lab report outline.

How to Format Citation in Your College Lab Report

In your lab reports, you will use information from different sources such as articles, textbooks, and so on. When you use information from sources, you need to tell your readers where this information comes from. If you don’t mention the original author, you might be accused of plagiarism. There are two primary citation styles you need to know when writing a lab report – APA and MLA. The American Psychological Association (APA) style is usually used for writing lab reports covering topics in the social sciences. The Modern Language Association (MLA) is mainly used in the humanities.

Formatting a Title Page for Lab Report

A title page is the most viewed part of your paper, so it must be properly formatted. A title page usually includes the title of your research, your name, the name of your partner, your instructor’s name and the current date. Choosing a title is one of the most difficult tasks. This page should stand out, so try to come up with a title that will grab your reader’s attention. When formatting lab report, keep in mind your title must be no more than 12 words long, yet it should accurately describe the contents of your paper.

Correct Format for Main Parts of Lab Report

Now, let’s take a closer look at how to write a college lab report and all the elements needed for correct a lab report format.


An abstract is a very short summary of your report, but it is one of the most important parts of the paper. It enables your reader to understand whether he or she is going to read the whole paper or not. It must be 100-200 words long, and it must present all the major points of your report.


An introduction tells what will follow in your lab report and provides the primary goals of the experiment. Here you need to describe the specific questions you have chosen to study. A good introduction also provides some background information to the readers.

Materials and Methods

The materials and methods section is usually the easiest part to write. All you need to do here is to write what you did and provide a materials list. It must be detailed enough, so those who are interested in your experiment could follow your steps. Just make sure to write everything in past tense with no personal pronouns.


In the results section, you should provide your readers with calculations, different tables, charts, images, graphs, etc. You don’t have to write a lot in this part; just let the data speak instead of you.


It is one of the most important parts of lab report formatting, as in this section, you need to show more than an understanding of the experiment. You have to explain, analyze, and compare your results. When you are writing a lab report discussion section, start by making a statement about whether or not your results support the expected findings stated in the beginning. Then compare your findings to the studies of others.


A conclusion can be very short. Just write what you have learned while doing this experiment and add a final statement.


In this part, you need to provide your readers with a list of references that were cited in your report. It includes your lab manual, handouts, textbooks, and other resources.

Know how to structure your paper

  • 12-point Times New Roman
  • 0" between paragraphs
  • 1" margin all around
  • double spaced (275 words/page) / single-spaced (550 words/page)
  • 0.5" first line of a paragraph
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How to Format Data for a Lab Report

The most common mistake students make is not including data. All data must be included in the results section. Once data is collected, it must be organized and summarized. There are many ways to format and present data from laboratory work. It is usually presented as:

  • charts
  • tables
  • photos
  • images
  • and graphs.

Using it will help you analyze and interpret your results. Your data must be presented in a way that is most useful for interpreting the results. Don’t forget to title all graphs and tables.

Writing excellent lab reports is not easy. But we made sure to provide you with a clear explanation of every step to submit an excellent task. Follow the steps and tips we’ve mentioned in our article, and your lab reports will impress everyone. Check the PaperOwl blog for more tips on all types of academic writing. Our expert writers are always ready to help you when you ask us "write my lab report for me".

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