The Trail of Tears

The Trail of Tears – occurred between 1838 to 1839. It was part of Andrew Jackson’s removal policy of the Indians (Native Americans). The nation of the Cherokees had been forced to give up their land that was east of the Mississippi river and to move to an area in todays Oklahoma. This journey was called the “Trail of Tears” by the Natives, because of its catastrophic effects on over 4000 of the 15000 migrating Cherokees that lost their lives along the journey. They faced starvation, disease and exhaustion on this trip to their newly forced home.

Bank of the United States – The Bank of the United States was a proposal by Alexander Hamilton who was the Secretary of the Treasury during the 1790s. It was established in 1791 with the purpose of serving as a depository for federal funds.

The Alamo – In December 1835 a group of Texas volunteer soldiers took over the Alamo during the war for independence from Mexico. The Alamo was a former Franciscan mission located close to today’s San Antonio. In February 23, 1836, thousands of Mexican soldiers led by General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna started a siege on the fort. Even though they were greatly outnumbered, the Alamo’s 200 defenders, under the command of William Travis and James Bowie, with famed frontiersman Davy Crockett, fought courageously for 13 days. It wasn’t until then that the Mexican invaders finally overpowered them. For the people in Texas, the Battle of the Alamo became a symbol of heroic resistance in the Texas revolution.

Nat Turner’s Rebellion – was a slave rebellion that occurred in August of 1831 in Southampton County, Virginia. It was led by Nat Turner, an African American slave. The rebellion lasted about 48 hours, in that time over sixty white man, women and children where killed. After reaching Belmont Plantation, the rebelling slaves and free blacks were suppressed by the militia. The state of Virginia executed over 50 slaves that were accused of being part of the rebellion and many slave owners killed and punished over 100 slaves after this event. More strict rules such as restriction to the education of slaves and the attendance of white ministers during religious gatherings were enforced.

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