Psychology Essays

771 essay samples found

Diversity in Psychology: Absence of Gender Equality, Cultural Diversity and Inclusion in Psychology

As a field that explores human experiences, psychology has been pushing to include diversity in its education, research and services. The discipline has been ensuring to include multicultural approach and diversity while emphasizing topics such as individual and cultural differences (Gallor, 2017). As of recent, psychology has been focusing on integrating social justice in its […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1184 Topics: Gender Inequality, Multiculturalism, Oppression, Racism, Social Equality, Social Exclusion, Social Issues

Research in LGBTQ Psychology

Up until relatively recently, there has not been much concrete research in LGBTQ psychology. Past practices were typically harsh on the mental and sometimes physical state of individuals in the community. An example of this is a practice known as “aversion therapy” where patients would be given chemicals where they would vomit if a picture […]

Pages: 3 Words: 771 Topics: Critical Theory, Gender, Homosexuality, Lgbt, Research, Sexual Orientation, Social Psychology
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Inferential Stats Analysis for Psychology

Concerning the data collected, it means that it is easier to draw a valid conclusion regarding the manner in which their variable relates to each group. In this way, it was easier to determine or provide the means of testing the validity of the outcome as well as inferring their characteristics just from a small […]

Pages: 1 Words: 394 Topics: Analysis, Statistics

Sigmund Freud: Life, Theory & Contributions to Psychology

Abstract This is an overview of the life of Sigmund Freud and his influential contributions to psychology. His early life and education are discussed, as well as his thoughts, beliefs, theories and research interests. Sigmund Freud’s major contribution to psychology has been his creation of the psychoanalysis and the psychodynamic approach to psychology. Sigmund Freud […]

Pages: 3 Words: 970 Topics: Clinical Psychology, Mental Health, Neuroscience, Psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud

Integrated Studies Social Work& Psychology

Introduction For many people who would wish to take their careers into social services, one of the tasking choices to make is between pursuing psychology or social work. While there are some similarities in the two disciplines, they also differ in some ways such as the level of education requited for one to practice and […]

Pages: 11 Words: 3325 Topics: Behaviorism, Clinical Psychology, Health, Neuroscience, Social Work

“Eminent Women in Psychology” by Martha E. Bernal

Over the course of history women have been defying the social norms of society and have flourish in their ability to thrive and excide to greater things. The power women have gained through every obstacle given to them has inspired many more to follow their dreams. Being a woman is hard enough in a man’s […]

Pages: 3 Words: 983 Topics: Critical Theory, Mexico, Sexism, Social Issues, Social Norm

Depression in Psychology

Depression Depression in psychology is a mood or emotional state that is marked by feelings of low self-worth or guilt and a reduced ability to enjoy life (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2018). A major depression is, a more extreme condition lasting weeks at a time, during which the person experiences little interest, pleasure, or motivation. (Kalat, 2017). […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1176 Topics: Depression

Abnormal Psychology

Introduction There many causes of abnormalities. They are based on how people make decisions and the implications they cause to other people and the society in general. Bad grandpa story This story revolves around a grandfather and his grandson. Grandpa displays weird behaviors across the film. He is 86 years but very active and energetic. […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1150 Topics: Behavior, Social Norm

Yearbook of Psychology between 1961 and 1971

Introduction Prisoners go through lots of psychological processes when they are confined within the cells. They sometimes go against the orders or follow them according to the types of prisons they occupy. However, there have been various concerns about the psychological aspects of prisoners or those that serve jail terms. This therefore created the need […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1460 Topics: Research, Vietnam War

Getting the Science and Psychology about Homosexuality “Straight”

Homosexuality, a term coined by Karl Maria Kertbeny (Drescher, 2008) is a term simply defined as the sexual attraction to a person of the same sex. Three terms associated with this are homosexual attraction, orientation, and identity which all are involved with homosexuality. Homosexuality has been and is a highly controversial topic within society, politics, […]

Pages: 7 Words: 2051 Topics: Adolescence, Genetics, Homosexuality, Human Sexuality, Learning, Nature versus nurture, Sexual Orientation

Mental Disorders and Correctional Psychology

Rape myths are misconceptions that make the perpetrator the survivor blame for the sexual assault. Rape myths have grown from the long-standing role played by gender, acceptance of violence and misinformation on sexual violence in our society. One myth that most people say is “ Rape happens to certain types of women” and we all […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1392 Topics: Clinical Psychology, Crime, Mental Disorder, Mental Health, Prison, Rape, Social Issues

Steve Jobs Psychology Analysis

Steve Jobs was an American inventor and entrepreneur who co-founded Apple, a company well-known for changing the history of technology through its revolutionary creation of computers, iPods, iPads, and iPhones. Apple has become a recognized brand around the world and its products have won countless awards for their high-tech capabilities, conveniency, and aesthetics, making Jobs […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1452 Topics: Childhood, Clinical Psychology, Emotion, Family, Human Development, Mental Health, Social Psychology

Psychology of Personality Topic Paper Dr. Larsen

My first article, “The Relationship Between Self-Esteem and Lesbian Identity During Adolescence” covers a study done by Stephanie K. Swann and Christina A. Spivey (2004), included in the Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal. Though this journal does not focus specifically on personality-related topics, the issue of self-esteem is one that is covered by personality […]

Pages: 7 Words: 2127 Topics: Adolescence, Bullying, Gender, Homophobia, Homosexuality, Human Sexuality, Lgbt, Research, Social Issues, Social Psychology, Youth

Psychology Scientific Journal Article

This experiment was designed to reflect reproducibility as a defining feature of science based on conducted replications several experimental and correlational published in psychological journals using original materials and high powered designs. It focuses on the role of explaining the reasons and the argument basing on making decisions when faced with the need to choose […]

Pages: 1 Words: 302 Topics: Attention, Epistemology, Experiment, Learning, Memory

The Psychology of Reading Behavioral and Cognitive

There is not a generic way to explain how people acquire knowledge. The learning process does not occur with cognition alone. Psychological theories classify learning into the behavioral and cognitive categories. Behavioral Theory The child’s environment makes learning possible. Skinner (1957) noted that a reinforcer, such as a child being able to successfully pronounce or […]

Pages: 2 Words: 487 Topics: Behavior, Behavior Modification, Epistemology, Learning, Neuroscience, Phenomenology, Reading

Relationships are very Important

General summary Both articles discuss the following topics: effect of life events on families and couples such as divorce, death etc. Reasons that can break families. How to help families stay together. Different factors that can affect families and relationships such as education, ethnicity, employment etc. Development of family and couple psychology. The main research […]

Pages: 3 Words: 845 Topics: Adoption, Divorce, Family, Masculinity, Research, Social Norm, Social Psychology

Psychologist Sigmund Freud

Psychologist Sigmund Freud is known as an extremely influential person in the 17th and 18th century, and his creation of psychoanalysis is still used in life today. He made a huge impact on psychology and mental health, and his discoveries helped with many recent accomplishments in mental health studies today. (“Jay”) Freud was born May […]

Pages: 2 Words: 623 Topics: Clinical Psychology, Mental Health, Neuroscience, Psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud

Sociology of Community and Sociological Perspective

To understand the sociology of a community, you must first understand the meaning of community. To understand sociology in the first place, or to be able distinguish it from other social sciences, you must develop a sociological perspective. The term sociological imagination (or sociological perspective) was first defined in a book of the same title […]

Pages: 3 Words: 800 Topics: Anthropology, Community, Community Development, Social science, Social structure, Sociological imagination, Time

In the Modern World

In the modern world many people suffer from mental disorders that are not physically apparent which in many cases are overlooked. Depression is a mental disorder that creates feelings of hopelessness and despair, and in severe cases, can even lead to suicide. More recent updated ethics have lead people to be more accepting, however, society […]

Pages: 3 Words: 846 Topics: Anxiety, Brain, Clinical Psychology, Depression, Emotion, Health, Mental Disorder, Nervous System, Neuroscience, Social Media

Who is Sigismund Scholmo Freud

Sigismund Scholmo Freud, known as Sigmund Freud, was an Austrian neurologist who created a new approach to the understanding of the human personality. He is largely credited with establishing the field of verbal psychotherapy and psychoanalysis. Sigmund Freud was born in May 6, 1856 in Moravian town of Freiberg, in the Austrian empire, now Pribor, […]

Pages: 2 Words: 632 Topics: Clinical Psychology, Mental Health, Neuroscience, Sigmund Freud

Random Acts of Kindness

As a team, we were asked to write a paper on altruism. Or to be more specific, a random act of kindness. The story chosen to write about is a story about a six year old boy by the name of “Dylan” who thought to bring an extra lunch for another boy who was thought […]

Pages: 2 Words: 714 Topics: Altruism, Social Responsibility

Close Relationships

Introduction Why is that so many humans find themselves tuning into the royal wedding, admiring old couples who are still in love, and dreaming about the day they find that person to be with for the rest of their lives? According to Baumeister and Bushman (2017), “good relationships are good for you. Married people (especially […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1754 Topics: Emotion, Homosexuality, Love, Neuroscience, Research, Social Psychology

Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud

Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud shared an individual relationship for a long time, and Jung was the follower in these connections. This is on the grounds that he thought excessively of his opportunity to learn on the theories of unconsciousness, which were spread by Sigmund Freud. This caused him to build up his own strategies […]

Pages: 2 Words: 507 Topics: Clinical Psychology, Dream, Metaphysics, Neuroscience, Sigmund Freud

The Effects of Transracial Adoption

The controversy surrounding transracial adoption certainly suggests that as a society, Americans are deeply ambivalent about racial distinctions in the family household. Specifically, transracial adoption has been defined as “the joining of racially different parents with children together in adoptive families” (Smith, Juarez, & Jacobson, 2011). This issue continues to cause much debate between those […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1780 Topics: Adoption, Child, Critical Theory, Interracial adoption, Racism, Social Issues, Social Psychology

Schizophrenia in the United States

In the United States, schizophrenia is one of the most prevalent mental health disorders that Americans suffer from daily. Those who deal with such a debilitating disorder go through a variety of different symptoms that can be classified in three categories, positive, negative and cognitive. Initial symptoms of schizophrenia-like irritability and the inability to sleep […]

Pages: 3 Words: 798 Topics: Clinical Psychology, Schizophrenia

Technology and Behavior Anaylisis

In this article, technology is defined as the use of scientific knowledge and applying is for other purposes and today psychology is used most often in the sense of computers and other electronics. I have selected this topic because technology is all around each and every one of us every single day as we go […]

Pages: 2 Words: 561 Topics: Behavior, Learning, Neuroscience, Research

Relationship between Money and Well-Being

We have all heard or once said that ‘money does not buy happiness.’ We like to believe that it is so. In fact, if we did not agree with this statement, we could be accused of being materialistic or superficial. However, recent scientific research in the field of positive psychology indicates that the relationship between […]

Pages: 2 Words: 581 Topics: Happiness, Human Nature, Positive Psychology

Clifford Beers

Introduction The study of mind and behavior is not a new concept. For many years, people have been relating human mind with their behavior. With time, this study came to be recognized as psychology. In psychology, various scientists began studying human mind, its thoughts, feeling as well as behavior. Their main aim was to understand […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1514 Topics: Health, Health Care, Medicine, Mental Disorder, Mental Health

Sexual Orientation on Helping Behaviors Among African American College Students

Introduction Seeking help from friends and family members are much easier as opposed to strangers. Many considerations run in the mind of an individual when seeking help from persons they are not aware of. Factors such as the sexual orientation of the person expected to provide help and the time of the day are some […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1602 Topics: Behavior, Data analysis, Gender, Homosexuality, Human Sexuality, Sexual Orientation, Social Psychology

Psychological Issues Faced by LGBT+ Individuals as a Result of their Sexuality

Through several research studies, it has been shown that members of the LGBT+ community tend to face more mental strain than those who do not identify with them. Beyond mental strain, LGBT individuals are at a higher risk for stress, self-acceptance, self-esteem, victimization, and suicide. The following studies were performed to gain a better understanding […]

Pages: 3 Words: 964 Topics: Bullying, Gender, Homosexuality, Human Sexuality, Sex, Social Issues, Social Psychology
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Essay on Psychology

Psychology uses the scientific method to study and concentrate on human/animal thinking and behavior. Psychology can be known to be scientific as it follows the empirical method. Empirical evidence is information taking by observation or experimentation. John Locke, David Hume, and David Hartley and many more were British empiricists who addressed the value of experience in the findings of knowledge. The main source of knowledge would be the world is a sensory experience which is information that comes to our senses or our inferences between the relationships of sensory facts. Empirical is often used with the concept of science which implies that science used observation, measurement of the world and collecting data in the environment. This view is in contrast with the Rationalists who accepted that knowledge is innate and inborn. All scientists use the empirical method. The scientist then analyse and evaluate this data to form theories that explain these observations.

Psychological research must reach such levels of criteria in order for it to be considered scientific. It must ensure that it has to be Replicable and precise. Replicable research must be repeated several times to ensure they receive the same results. If shown the same results it shows the truth of the original research. Researchers must make sure they evaluate there research and were they received the information from, and clearly explain how their experiment was structured and how they achieved them results. There are two main concepts for a scientific approach which are theory and hypothesis. There are many different forms of scientific methods that can be used such as, experiments, descriptive studies, case studies and surveys.

Scientific research is manipulated so that we observe the effect this has on something else to Control observation. Observations is our existing knowledge that determines our judgment and our viewpoint.

Using scientific methods with tight control of variables allows for cause and effect relationships to be determined. This together with replication adds strength and validity to the theories produced.

Sigmund Freud was one of the most influential scientists in the fields of psychology and psychiatry. It has been over 100 years since Freud published his theories, yet he still influences what we think about personality and the mind. Freud was best known for his theories of the unconscious mind, dreams, infantile sexuality, libido, repression, and transference, ego, and the superego.

Through the development of a novel observational method, Sigmund Freud made possible the collection of reliable data about man’s inner life. The scientific hypotheses he formulated about these formed the initial version of psychoanalysis. Many of these first thoughts have had to be revised in the light of subsequent scientific findings of the operations of the central nervous system, but even these refuted propositions often had much heuristic value. Despite the passage of a whole century, many Freudian hypotheses have retained their scientific standing. Most important among these was Freud’s realization that human thought is usually unconscious. His understanding of the role of the automatic repetition of basic patterns of behavior, of the fateful consequences of early childhood emotional vicissitudes in structuring enduring mental dispositions, and of the distinction between two distinct modes of thinking are the most significant among his many contributions. 

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