Psychology Essays

Essay on Psychology

Psychology uses the scientific method to study and concentrate on human/animal thinking and behavior. Psychology can be known to be scientific as it follows the empirical method. Empirical evidence is information taking by observation or experimentation. John Locke, David Hume, and David Hartley and many more were British empiricists who addressed the value of experience in the findings of knowledge. The main source of knowledge would be the world is a sensory experience which is information that comes to our senses or our inferences between the relationships of sensory facts. Empirical is often used with the concept of science which implies that science used observation, measurement of the world and collecting data in the environment. This view is in contrast with the Rationalists who accepted that knowledge is innate and inborn. All scientists use the empirical method. The scientist then analyse and evaluate this data to form theories that explain these observations.

Psychological research must reach such levels of criteria in order for it to be considered scientific. It must ensure that it has to be Replicable and precise. Replicable research must be repeated several times to ensure they receive the same results. If shown the same results it shows the truth of the original research. Researchers must make sure they evaluate there research and were they received the information from, and clearly explain how their experiment was structured and how they achieved them results. There are two main concepts for a scientific approach which are theory and hypothesis. There are many different forms of scientific methods that can be used such as, experiments, descriptive studies, case studies and surveys.

Scientific research is manipulated so that we observe the effect this has on something else to Control observation. Observations is our existing knowledge that determines our judgment and our viewpoint.

Using scientific methods with tight control of variables allows for cause and effect relationships to be determined. This together with replication adds strength and validity to the theories produced.

Sigmund Freud was one of the most influential scientists in the fields of psychology and psychiatry. It has been over 100 years since Freud published his theories, yet he still influences what we think about personality and the mind. Freud was best known for his theories of the unconscious mind, dreams, infantile sexuality, libido, repression, and transference, ego, and the superego.

Through the development of a novel observational method, Sigmund Freud made possible the collection of reliable data about man’s inner life. The scientific hypotheses he formulated about these formed the initial version of psychoanalysis. Many of these first thoughts have had to be revised in the light of subsequent scientific findings of the operations of the central nervous system, but even these refuted propositions often had much heuristic value. Despite the passage of a whole century, many Freudian hypotheses have retained their scientific standing. Most important among these was Freud’s realization that human thought is usually unconscious. His understanding of the role of the automatic repetition of basic patterns of behavior, of the fateful consequences of early childhood emotional vicissitudes in structuring enduring mental dispositions, and of the distinction between two distinct modes of thinking are the most significant among his many contributions. 

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Effects of Peer Pressure Towards Academic Performance of Grade 11 Humps

“Peer pressure is a sentiment that one must do the things which are the same as other people of the same age and social group to be liked or respected by others. Teenagers nowadays specifically the student’s academic behavior are usually influenced by their peers as it has been indicated in some studies (Lee, 2018). […]

Pages: 3 Words: 760 Topics: Adolescence, Communication, Epistemology, Neuroscience, Peer pressure, Social Psychology, Symbolic interactionism

Depression is the most Common Mental

Depression is the most common mental disorder and a common cause of disability (Sjoberg et al., 2017). Niles, Smirnova, Lin, and O’Donovan (2018) stated that depression disorders can affect nearly 30% of the population at some point in their life. Despite how common depression is, there is still a well known stigma related to depression […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1256 Topics: Adolescence, Clinical Psychology, Depression, Gender, Learning, Mental Disorder, Mental Health, Neuroscience
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Effects of Divorce on Families

The most basic effects of separation on kids or young adults incorporate an effect on their psychological changes, proper social skills, scholarly accomplishments and even behavior impacts that can carry on over the span of adulthood. The most recognized effects that divorce has on kids present themselves in the way that children will begin to […]

Pages: 3 Words: 1049 Topics: Adolescence, Child, Divorce, Family, Human Development, Marriage, Single Parent

Divorce in Florida

Humans are unique beings with unique lives. These differences bleed over into marriages and, ultimately, divorce. Some marriages end barely before they begin, while others can take a couple through decades together. No matter how long a marriage lasts, it can still end in divorce. Throughout Florida, we are seeing a rise in long-term marriages […]

Pages: 2 Words: 523 Topics: Divorce, Family, Marriage, Social Issues

Realism as an Ideology

A realist believes in an anarchic world order with power and war at its centrality. Realism as an ideology is most prominently followed by India and Pakistan. They have tried to achieve temporary peace through treaties, CBMs and agreements. When Cold war ended it was believed that it will lead towards a peaceful South-Asia and […]

Pages: 2 Words: 497 Topics: Foreign Policy, International Relations, Mahatma Gandhi, Peace, Violence

A Left Ventricular Assist Device

A Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD) is a major cardiac surgery with many complications postoperatively. Not only is a LVAD a major surgery, but it requires a lifestyle change outside of the hospital. Patients with LVADs will either be put on a heart transplant list or implantation of an LVAD may be the last resort […]

Pages: 2 Words: 679 Topics: Depression, Health, Health Care, Medicine, Physical Therapy

Amanda and Linda: a Comparative Observation

When examining the characteristics of a matriarch and the type of woman one might consider proper for the role, the many first ladies of the United States over the past two centuries come to mind. A matriarch will guide her family throughout decades providing unwavering strength and support during the most celebrated times, and she […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1915 Topics: Death of a Salesman, Motivation, The Glass Menagerie

Electric Cars Vs Hybrid Cars

The question is electric cars vs hybrid cars which one is the better car which one should you buy. Okay first off the question is what actually is a hybrid car? “”A hybrid car is a car with electric motor and a gasoline powered motor. It charges the battery while running while compared to just […]

Pages: 17 Words: 5104 Topics: Car, Electric Cars, Energy, Transport

Divorce Children’s Psychological Desolation

Marriage is the traditional view of legally binding two individuals together ’til death. While marriage may work for others, some come to terms of separating due to a numerous of reasons. Divorce is the legal action of terminating a marriage between two married individuals. This can be a stressful factor for the entire family especially […]

Pages: 2 Words: 729 Topics: Divorce

Cognitive Behavior

 From a cognitive behavioral perspective, I want Lance to critically evaluate and modify his self-defeating beliefs, which will likely result in Lane acquiring more effective behavior. As his therapist, I am both goal oriented and problem focused. In the first session with Lance I will require Lance to identify his problems and formulate specific goals […]

Pages: 2 Words: 531 Topics: Behavior, Clinical Psychology, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Mental Health, Neuroscience

Behavior of a Simple Nexorade or Reciprocal Frame System

Among the group of space structures is a typology called nexorades or reciprocal frame structures. Nexorades can have different designs and shapes. This article centers around a basic setup to get results that are easy to peruse and convey. The point is to improve comprehension of the structural behavior of nexorades to simplify their design. […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1113 Topics: Behavior, Mechanics, Physics

Three most Common Phobias

Many human beings have things that petrify or causes them to have a nervous reaction to certain insects, places, or objects. This terrified reaction causes people to have a fear that makes it unstoppable for humans to surpass it, as a result, this is called a phobia. There is many different types of phobias that […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1531 Topics: Anxiety, Anxiety Disorder, Emotion, Fear, Health, Medicine, Mental Health, Panic Attack, Phobia, Social Anxiety Disorder

A Question Arises, “What am I?”

Descartes expands on this idea in Meditation II. A question arises, “What am I?” One option he considers in order to solve his question is Common Sense. He claims that he is a physical body, which he understands to be true through his senses, and has been made or animated by some fiery breath. The […]

Pages: 3 Words: 777 Topics: Allegory of the Cave, Common sense, Epistemology, Experience, Metaphysics, Neuroscience, Perception, Phenomenology

Treat the Mental Illness of Self-esteem

The nature of this assignment is to provide feedback about treatments used to treat the mental illness of self-esteem. In psychology, self-esteem refers to a person’s overall sense of his/her significance or value. It may also be understood as one’s attitude toward oneself. Self-esteem can influence our lives in numerous ways, from relationships down to […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1258 Topics: Clinical Psychology, Emotion, Neuroscience, Self Esteem

Evaluating Website Sources

Websites as a SourceNameProfessorInstitutionCourseDate With the advent of the use of the internet as a primary source of information used for academic research and other types of research has had its share of advantages. For one it has reduced the cost of and increased the ease of access to information. This has, however, led to […]

Pages: 1 Words: 319 Topics: Credibility, Critical Thinking, Information, Research

Effects of Divorce on College-aged Students

Introduction All around the nation thousands of children from divorced parents are suffering from the backlash of a family separation. These negative effects can range from academic or emotional instability. In the case of Blake’s overwhelming issue, his parents recently divorced shortly after his move to college. His mother’s dependency on him affects Blake’s academics […]

Pages: 8 Words: 2304 Topics: Academic Achievement, Adolescence, Attachment Theory, Child, Divorce, Family, Health, Loneliness, Research

Reflection Paper on Eriksons Stages of Development

Introduction Among the early theories of development, the theory proposed by Sigmund Freud is one of the most controversial and at the same time influential of them all. The psychosexual stages of development were proposed by Freud and are responsible for the various changes experienced by the entire development of a child. Erikson followed the […]

Pages: 2 Words: 617

Problem of Loneliness

Loneliness Today, about 73 percent of Americans feel or are lonely, based on the American Osteopathic Association survey. Imagine how many people were lonely during the great depression. In the novel Of Mice and Men, many characters face loneliness, however, two incredibly lonely characters are Crooks and Curley’s wife. Curley’s wife is lonely because she […]

Pages: 2 Words: 612 Topics: Loneliness, Of Mice And Men, Social Issues

A Research on Altruism

HYPOTHESIS In an experimental study conducted by Joyce D. Smith and David R. Shaffer, these researchers looked at the relationship between public and private self-consciousness and self-reported altruism (SRA). Public self-consciousness is how aware one is of their sense of self when out in public, or around people. Private self-consciousness is when one is internally […]

Pages: 2 Words: 729 Topics: Altruism, Experiment, Research, Social Psychology

Advantages and Disadvantages of Active Listening

Active listening it a type of communication used in a learning environment. It entails getting the finest details from the spoken language. It has been used in counselling, conflict resolution, and training. The art requires increased concentration understanding and responding to the sentiments made. The method is used to impact the knowledge. Advantages Understanding better […]

Pages: 1 Words: 307 Topics: Active Listening, Communication, Learning, Research

“The Glass Castle” by Jeannette Walls Analysis

When we were given the freedom to explore our topic, I decided to read upon Jeannette Walls, The Glass Castle. Jeannette Wall, an author and journalist, shares the life of her unconventional childhood. I choose to read The Glass Castle because it is a memoir. I have read The novel is filled with personal recounts […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1716 Topics: Addiction, Alcoholism, Child Neglect, Domestic Violence, Family, Substance Abuse, The Glass Castle

Biological Behavior of Altruism

The selfless act of the aliens made me think of the biological behavior of altruism. Altruism is an action that is costly to the organism that performs it but is beneficial to the other organism (West et al., 2007). West indicated differences between reciprocal and week altruism. Reciprocal altruism takes place between nonrelatives and happens […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1430 Topics: Altruism, Animals

Being Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud was a neurologist and was known for founding psychoanalysis. Full name being Sigismund Schlomo Freud was born May 6th, 1856 in Freiberg in Mahren, Moravia, Austrian Empire (now known as Pribor, Czech Republic) and died September 23, 1939, in Hampstead, London, United Kingdom at the age of 83. He was married to Martha […]

Pages: 2 Words: 535 Topics: Clinical Psychology, Mental Health, Neuroscience, Psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud

Fixed Vs Growth: the Two Basic Mindsets that Shape our Lives

People and experts across the educational field have thought of and experimented with many ways of helping students do well in school. There have been theories discovered that can help and inspire students to work harder on achieving their goals and dreams. A theory that has been identified by Carol Dweck is fixed and growth […]

Pages: 3 Words: 1038 Topics: Growth Mindset, Mindset

Algernon

Algernon sees marriage as an undesirable burden in life. He is doubtful about the true happiness and love that can come with marriage and therefore has his concerns about living the rest of his life in an unhealthy relationship. In Act I, as Algernon is talking to his butler Lane, Lane says “I often observed […]

Pages: 2 Words: 543 Topics: Happiness, Love, Marriage, Social Status, The Importance of Being Earnest

Affects of Divorce

It has been contemplated whether or not a parent’s divorce really impacts teens. Some might argue, that divorce can lead to one having a better childhood and state of mind, rather than remaining with parents who constantly argue and fight. However, in reality, it is not about separation, but the effect it can have on […]

Pages: 2 Words: 616 Topics: Adolescence, Divorce

Short Story: Narrative of Two Twins, who have Lost Contact with each other

In this exposition, I chose the prompt “A set of long lost twins that end up finding themselves later in life.” Primarily, the resemblance between two people has always fascinated people. Statistics illustrate that 22 percent of people living in the world are either fraternal or identical twins. According to Biological studies, identical twins share […]

Pages: 1 Words: 390 Topics: Experience, Family, Narrative

Persona of Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud is well known by many of us for countless reasons. He has earned his title as the founder of psychoanalysis (Gay 195), is known for his innovative discoveries involving psychology, and even has psychological phenomena named after him (for example, the Freudian slip). Forever changing the way we understand ourselves and other people, […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1260 Topics: Brain, Clinical Psychology, Mental Health, Neuroscience, Psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud

Human Behavior

As social workers, we are concerned with modifying possible negative environmental stressors of our client’s lives and facilitating growth. We use a biopsychosocial approach because we believe that the biological, psychological and social are all important to understanding what makes a person and the challenges they may face. Specifically, regarding the biological aspect, there has […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1678 Topics: Anxiety, Behavior, Brain, Clinical Psychology, Health, Medicine, Mental Health, Nervous System, Neuroscience

The Antichrist is Quite

The Antichrist is quite a peculiar and mysterious character of the Bible, appearing at the end times of man as an asset of the Devil, tasked with leading many away from the light of God. Though referenced only a handful of times in the Bible, the speculation of this ominous creature is broad and extensive, […]

Pages: 8 Words: 2278 Topics: Depression
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