Philosophy Essays

217 essay samples found

What is the Enlightenment?

What is the Enlightenment? It is more than just the commence of the dark ages, it was the basis for all free intellectual human development and the development of the fundamentals of science as we know it today. It was the age of the scientific revolution, the age of replacing darkness. The outlook on everyday […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1929 Topics: Age Of Enlightenment, Autonomy, Enlightenment, Epistemology, Immanuel Kant, Metaphysics

Understanding of Rights as Liberties And/or Immunities.

Critical Evaluation of Hohfelds StatementAccording to Hohfeld, a duty correlates with a right. For instance, in case of a right invasion, there is a duty violation as well. Legal obligation refers to that which ought to be done or that which ought not to be done. In addition, Hohfeld proposes various legal relations. There is […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1092 Topics: Justice, Rights
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“The Heart of Human Nature” by Joseph Conrad

The journey in Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad traverses not only the capricious waters spanning Africa but also the darkness which lies in the human heart. Through Marlow’s journey to the heart of darkness, it reveals the enigmatic human nature is a dark force. This voyage into the deepest aspect of the soul unveils […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1459 Topics: Heart of Darkness

Biography of Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud born in 1956 was an Austrian neurologist and the founding father of psychoanalysis. At his age, Freud was termed to be the most influential among the intellectuals. He developed psychoanalysis theory from the human psyche theory, and he tried all the times to discuss any phenomenon scientifically. With psychoanalysis theory, Freud provided therapy […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1193 Topics: Epistemology, Metaphysics, Sigmund Freud

Rationalist and Empiricist Positions of Kant

The aspect of rationalist that Kant synthesizes is, data is perceived under the categories of quantity, quality, relation, and modality. Raw, unprocessed data, Kant thought, would be meaningless and unusable. For Kant, our mind becomes reasonable when we examine the role of our mind shaping the sense experience we receive (Mitchell, 2015, p. 257). In […]

Pages: 2 Words: 739 Topics: Epistemology, Immanuel Kant, Metaphysics

Senseless Conflict and Misery Regularly

For as long as history is recorded, senseless conflict and misery regularly transpired on the whims one head of state alone. During the 18th century many of the philosophers of the Enlightenment were concerned with ideas surrounding human beings’ autonomy and self-determination and challenged the idea of rule by a monarchy which had prevailed until […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1664 Topics: Free Will, Immanuel Kant, John Locke, Metaphysics, Rights, Social Contract

The Understanding of Politics by Aristotle and Thomas Hobbes

Aristotle and Thomas Hobbes, two philosophers from different time period, were very famous about the way they were approaching differently their ideologies about politics. Both of them had different points of view about the political communities, the power of the state and the role that every human being have in the society. To talk about […]

Pages: 3 Words: 788 Topics: Aristotle

Marxism is the Arrangement of Communism

Karl Max is a German philosopher and socialist. He work has everlastingly affected the field of human science in that his perspectives opened the way to the investigation of how one’s social class impacts one’s beneficial encounters and life shots. His work additionally opened the entryway for some contrasting points of view on the issue […]

Pages: 2 Words: 535 Topics: Communism, Karl Marx, Marxism, Rights, Social Class, Social Contract, Social Justice

Divergent Marxism

Friedrich Engels outlines a theory of communism that demands a violent revolution for its fulfillment in his 1848 Principles of Communism. He considers the state of modern European workers, characterized in his work by propertylessness and a lack of security, to be more deplorable than ever before. Although he claims that a peaceful revolution is […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1187 Topics: Communism, Karl Marx, Liberalism, Marxism, Socialism

William James and John Dewey Pragmatism Influences

Nowadays, people are free to choose religion, traditions, and culture to develop truths that meet their preferences. William James and John Dewey were philosophers who revitalized pragmatism, developing ideas that evidently belonged to the pragmatist tradition (Hookway, 2016). Pragmatisms is a philosophical approach which holds that the truth or meaning of a statement is to […]

Pages: 2 Words: 653 Topics: Brain, Consciousness, Epistemology, John Dewey, Metaphysics, Neuroscience, Phenomenology, Pragmatism, Truth, William James

The Enlightenment Era in Europe

The Enlightenment Era consisted of an intellectual and philosophical movement that carried throughout Europe. This was often considered an intellectual revolution where “thinkers who were involved in working with the laws of nature in order to make each of the societies as great as possible. Some great thinkers during this era include: Olympe de Gouges […]

Pages: 3 Words: 829 Topics: Age Of Enlightenment, Citizenship, Enlightenment, Epistemology, John Locke, Justice, Liberty, Rights, Separation Of Powers

Kant and Mill the Categorical Imperative

The categorical imperative is a list of commands that expresses our duties that we are required to follow. For morality to work it must issue commands. With the supreme principle of morality, there is a distinction between perfect and imperfect duties. Dutiful actions are caused by reason and will. Perfect duties are those that branch […]

Pages: 3 Words: 867 Topics: Immanuel Kant, Kantian Ethics, Metaphysics, Utilitarianism

A Persona of Mary Wollstonecraft

During the Enlightenment period, women had minimal rights. As society was rapidly changing and debating what rights men should have, women were often left out of this question. However, during this time period, some women decided to stand up for their rights, and one woman who did that was named Mary Wollstonecraft. Mary Wollstonecraft used […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1163 Topics: Age Of Enlightenment, Enlightenment, Mary Wollstonecraft

Aristotle’s Ethics

In this essay we will be looking at Aristotle’s Ethics most importantly book v of his Nichomachean Ethics, which is concern with Justice. As a virtue theorist Aristotle believes that the best form of life is to cultivate virtue. There are different virtues and the way Aristotle defines virtue as the means between excess and […]

Pages: 9 Words: 2707 Topics: Aristotle, Justice, Plato, Virtue

Aristotle in Western History

Aristotle was one of the most important intellectual figures in Western history. He founded formal logic and conceived it for a finished system known as the sum of discipline for hundreds of years. Born 384 B.C.E. in Stagira, Greece, he was an ancient Greek philosopher / scientist, also known as the teacher of Alexander the […]

Pages: 2 Words: 668 Topics: Aristotle, Tragedy

Karl Marx’s Ideas

Karl Marx’s ideas are studied and used by philosophers, historians, economists, sociologists and political scientists. Marx’s ideas were seen as so radical that he was perceived as an inspiration to revolutionists and a threat by leaders of state governments. Karl Marx’s work has had an everlasting impact on the arena of sociology in that his […]

Pages: 9 Words: 2636 Topics: Communism, Karl Marx, Marxism, Social Class, Socialism

Liver Disease

In recent years there has been an increase in liver failure as a result of careless drinking and other inevitable causes. The treatment for these end-stage liver diseases is a liver transplant. One big challenge exists when it comes to liver transplants the number of organs donated is lower than those required. An ethical challenge […]

Pages: 1 Words: 285 Topics: Health, Health Care, Medicine

Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics

There is perhaps no pursuit more quintessential to human existence than that of happiness and a meaningful life. In Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle examines the many facets of life that bring virtue and contentment. He queries what it means to be good, just, and ethical. These questions are as relevant now as they were then. Seeking […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1286 Topics: Aristotle, Happiness, Justice, Metaphysics, Virtue

Aristotle Vs. Plato

Throughout life, one will encounter many different people some with similar views and others with contrasting perspectives on reality. This topic and discussion on life and reality continues to rise debate since ancient times. Some of history’s most influential philosophers that attempt to describe life and reality are Aristotle and Plato. A student may choose […]

Pages: 2 Words: 745 Topics: Aristotle, Belief, Epistemology, Metaphysics, Plato, Reality

The Differences between the Principles of Plato Aristotle

Plato and Aristotle are without a doubt two of the world’s greatest philosophers. Plato, a Greek philosopher and a student of Socrates, was born around 424-423 BC in Athens to a wealthy Athenian family and his death was around 347-348 BC. Following in the footsteps of Socrates, Plato wrote his works as dialogues. His notable […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1215 Topics: Aristotle, Belief, Epistemology, Knowledge, Metaphysics, Plato, Reality, Socrates, Space, Truth

Marxism Revealed

After engaging with the rigorous content of Don Hertzfeldt, ” World of Tomorrow “, it became clear that most of our actions and even aspirations are predetermined. In Hertzfeldt’s “World of Tomorrow” death is an inescapable reality, through means of cloning and the stories focus Emily and her interactions with a future generation Emily. Marxism […]

Pages: 3 Words: 856 Topics: Capitalism, Economy, Karl Marx, Marxism, Social Class

Biomedical Ethics

In every advanced democratic industry, there exists a right to health care. This is because the whole population has the right to provide public health protection where there is a risk of injury, the disease as well as life security on medical issues. There is institution that is put in place to provide the assurance […]

Pages: 1 Words: 350 Topics: Health, Health Care, Health Insurance, Medical Ethics, Medicine, Research, Social Issues, Structural Violence

The Concept of Moral Right and Wrong as Defined by the Principle of Utility

1. The concept of moral right and wrong. According to Jeremy Bentham’s argument, what is right or good is a pleasure (happiness) which is brought about by different kinds of good things like food, freedom and even friends. On the other hand, wrong or bad things are due to the lack of good things. Lack […]

Pages: 1 Words: 282

Immanuel Kant-The Greatest Thinker

Biography Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) was considered by philosophers to have been one of the greatest thinkers of all time. Kant lived in remote province where he was born for his entire life. He was the fourth of nine children but the oldest surviving child to obtain an education. His parents were devoted followers of Pietistic […]

Pages: 7 Words: 2129 Topics: Age Of Enlightenment, Conscience, Epistemology, Free Will, Immanuel Kant, Kantian Ethics, Metaphysics, Space

Aristotle’s Function Argument

Aristotle believes that if one wants to live well, one should organize their life by reference to the very best thing that humans can obtain in action?”something he calls “the human good. He portrays that a good life should point towards eudaimonia, which may also be interpreted as happiness. However, unlike our modern understanding of […]

Pages: 3 Words: 991 Topics: Aristotle, Epistemology, Happiness, Metaphysics, Plato, Virtue, Virtue Ethics

Impact of Enlightenment on America

There were many amazing people that were involved in the Enlightenment and the Great Awakening.  These amazing people’s ideas would be the basis for the founding of the America we know.  It would also inspire the American Revolution.  It helped people in the America’s think for themselves. The enlightenment was a cultural and scientific movement.  […]

Pages: 2 Words: 629 Topics: Age Of Enlightenment, Enlightenment

Conflict Theories: Functionalism and Neo-Marxism

Conflict theories focus attention on the supremacy of some social groups by others. Social order is seen as built on exploitation and control by dominant groups and social change is viewed as happening quickly and in a muddled manner as subordinate groups displace dominant groups (Ritzer, 235). Conflict theory can be seen as an evolution […]

Pages: 7 Words: 2040 Topics: Karl Marx, Marxism, Social Class, Social Stratification, Structural Functionalism

“Allegory of the Cave” by Plato

Plato’s Allegory of the Cave is found in his Republic, in which Socrates explains the journey of a soul from the dark into the light (from ignorance to truth) and the issues it may present for those who become enlightened to the level of philosophy. In Plato’s Apology, the presentation and reception of the old […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1697 Topics: Allegory of the Cave, Epistemology, Metaphysics, Socrates

Loneliness in OMAM

It has been said that a person can be in a room full of people yet feel deeply lonely and detached from everyone. It is alsxo true that a person can be left all completely alone but not feel at all lonely.  No one wants to experience the ache of loneliness, yet we have all […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1247 Topics: Loneliness, Of Mice And Men

Thought into what my Philosophy on Teaching

Before, I began this course I didn’t put much thought into what my philosophy on teaching was. I have come to see the importance of learning about philosophical theories and the men and women who implemented them. Philosophy in general studies questions about the nature of learning, especially children. Questions might include: What is the […]

Pages: 2 Words: 586 Topics: John Dewey, Pragmatism, William James
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