Metaphysics Essays

62 essay samples found

William James and John Dewey Pragmatism Influences

Nowadays, people are free to choose religion, traditions, and culture to develop truths that meet their preferences. William James and John Dewey were philosophers who revitalized pragmatism, developing ideas that evidently belonged to the pragmatist tradition (Hookway, 2016). Pragmatisms is a philosophical approach which holds that the truth or meaning of a statement is to […]

Pages: 2 Words: 653 Topics: Brain, Consciousness, Epistemology, John Dewey, Metaphysics, Neuroscience, Phenomenology, Pragmatism, Truth, William James

Human Nature Person

Aristotle was taught by Plato who was taught by Socrates. In a sense they all their had own specific way of thinking of human nature but they also had a way of relating to each other. Plato believed in the Theory of Forms while Aristotle believed in metaphysics and Socrates believed in the key to […]

Pages: 2 Words: 712 Topics: Aristotle, Epistemology, Human Nature, Metaphysics, Plato, Socrates
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Most Philosophical Texts

As an upcoming undergraduate senior, I frantically searched my college’s registrar website for a course that would satisfy a philosophy requirement for my biology major; this would be my first philosophy course throughout my college career. My eyes bounced around my laptop screen until landing on a course titled Happiness and Meaning of Life. My […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1651 Topics: Epicurus, Happiness, Metaphysics

The Differences between the Principles of Plato Aristotle

Plato and Aristotle are without a doubt two of the world’s greatest philosophers. Plato, a Greek philosopher and a student of Socrates, was born around 424-423 BC in Athens to a wealthy Athenian family and his death was around 347-348 BC. Following in the footsteps of Socrates, Plato wrote his works as dialogues. His notable […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1215 Topics: Aristotle, Belief, Epistemology, Knowledge, Metaphysics, Plato, Reality, Socrates, Space, Truth

Existence of God: Arguments of Descartes and Aristotle

The knowledge of God and his existence has been presented in many philosophical works through time, starting with Plato and his dialogues, to Leibniz and more. Though many philosophers have acknowledged the existence and knowledge of God, their definition of God differs and as a consequence of their explanation and interpretation of the nature of […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1455 Topics: Allegory of the Cave, Arguments, Epistemology, Logic, Metaphysics, Reasoning, Truth

What is the Enlightenment?

What is the Enlightenment? It is more than just the commence of the dark ages, it was the basis for all free intellectual human development and the development of the fundamentals of science as we know it today. It was the age of the scientific revolution, the age of replacing darkness. The outlook on everyday […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1929 Topics: Age Of Enlightenment, Autonomy, Enlightenment, Epistemology, Immanuel Kant, Metaphysics

Theme Behind Hawthorne’s “The Birthmark”

Theme plays an important role when building any type of story. Themes help to express or build your imagination and are the main reason the author is writing the story. In Hawthorne’s “The Birthmark” the author displays a variety of themes. However, while reading this short story the two themes that were predominate throughout the […]

Pages: 2 Words: 550 Topics: Ethics, Human Nature, Metaphysics, The Birthmark

Moral Themes in O’Connor’s a Good Man is Hard to Find

O’Connor uses the Misfit, the only character with any sense of means to ask morally serious questions about human experience, to show “the remotely connotative of the eternal Misfit, Christ…” (Bonney 347. Bonney says O’Connor “never making it plain whether the grandmother… perceives the Misfit as one of own children” (Bonney 348) or whether the […]

Pages: 2 Words: 465 Topics: Human Nature, Metaphysics, Narration

Dan Millman’s the Way of the Peaceful Warrior

In Dan Millman’s The Way of the Peaceful Warrior Millman embarks on a journey to find “unreasonable happiness”. He sets out to find the true meaning of happiness displayed by when he says, “All these years I had been sustained by an illusion – happiness through victory – and now that illusion was burned to […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1699 Topics: Allegory of the Cave, Epistemology, Happiness, Metaphysics, Plato, Socrates

Introduction to Humanities: Philosophical Thought

Analyze the changes in the concept of hero and saint in the emergence of Romanticism (St. Francis and Dante), the agony and ecstasy of Michelangelo, Enlightenment patterns of cultural mutation, and Kierkegaard’s portrayal of Abraham. How do these changes in philosophical thought show development over time? The emergence of Romanticism in the early 13th century […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1539 Topics: Faith, God, Hero, Martin Luther, Metaphysics, Michelangelo, Romanticism

Philosophy: Truth is what Conforms with Fact or Reality

Truth, for many people, is simple – it is what conforms with fact or reality. Philosophy is concerned with what is true in the world, using many methods to search for the truth. Motivation for the search for truth can be pared down to wisdom and utility. Wisdom is the main goal of philosophy, as […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1360 Topics: Allegory of the Cave, Epistemology, Euthyphro, Logic, Metaphysics, Socrates, Truth

Oppression, Freedom and Happiness in “The Allegory of the Cave”

What is freedom and are we free? Freedom. A word redolent with benevolence. People like being “”free””. It is regularly introduced to society as an extremity: free articulation, free decision and majority rules system, versus suppression, restriction and absolutism. The idea of regular rights assumes a conspicuous job in legitimate and political talk of freedom. […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1647 Topics: Allegory of the Cave, Free Will, Logic, Metaphysics, Plato, Socrates, Truth

An Examined Life is the only Morally Worthwhile Life

This week in class we were introduced to the topic of our first essay: determining whether an examined life is the only morally worthwhile life. The concept of an examined life was introduced by Socrates and recorded by Plato, in Apology. We were also provided with a recommended process by which to write this argumentative […]

Pages: 2 Words: 578 Topics: Epistemology, Ethics, Metaphysics, Plato, Socrates

Allegory of the Cave by Plato Analysis

The “Allegory of The Cave” presents a group of people as prisoners who have been chained together in a cave their entire life. The cave is opened behind them where there is a fire and in between the fire there is a pathway where people walk holding all sorts of objects; statues, images of animals, […]

Pages: 2 Words: 495 Topics: Allegory of the Cave, Epistemology, Metaphysics, Truth

Milestones in the Study of Gender Development

The late 1960s through the 1970s marked an important turning point in the field of gender research. For example, in 1978, the current editor of this journal and her co-authors published one of the first textbooks on the psychology of women and gender roles (Frieze et al. 1978). At that time, these areas were just […]

Pages: 7 Words: 2225 Topics: Adoption, Belief, Epistemology, Gender, Gender Identity, Gender Roles, Knowledge, Masculinity, Metaphysics, Neuroscience, Research

Between Positivism and Idealism

Idealism has three core assumptions. One of idealism’s assumptions is that because there is no social order or external reality within society then laws and universals don’t exist. This assumption extends by saying that because there are no laws or universals to follow or look at we can only understand the meanings of social practices […]

Pages: 7 Words: 2244 Topics: Belief, Dehumanization, Epistemology, Metaphysics, Morality, Reality, Social Issues

Mahatma Gandhi and the Gita

Gandhi’s overall intention was to be an individual of integrity and authenticity, his goal was to touch the bottom of humanity, maintain the way to peace, and achieve the heights of divinity. In Chapter three of the Bhagavad Gita, the overall theme of the chapter was the “Path of Service”. All work should be works […]

Pages: 3 Words: 837 Topics: Bhagavad Gita, Mahatma Gandhi, Metaphysics

Conception on the Simulation Theory

The conception of reality is a construct many philosophers have dwelled on, and many have attempted to devise doctrines and theories on the topic, in hopes of answering this dilemma and achieving a greater understanding of the universe. A philosopher named Nick Bostrom developed a theory that viewed reality and existence as a computer simulation […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1543 Topics: Allegory of the Cave, Arguments, Epistemology, Knowledge, Metaphysics, Plato, Reality

The Calvinistic Doctrine of Predestination

How the world is perceived by humans is unique to each mind. However, how all the events of history are classified and written down depends on how the collective world powers decide history should be recorded. On the other spectrum, there is an idea that before these events happen, there is a being that already […]

Pages: 11 Words: 3401 Topics: Christianity, God, Life, Metaphysics, Odysseus, Odyssey, Theology

“Allegory of the Cave” by Plato

Plato’s Allegory of the Cave is found in his Republic, in which Socrates explains the journey of a soul from the dark into the light (from ignorance to truth) and the issues it may present for those who become enlightened to the level of philosophy. In Plato’s Apology, the presentation and reception of the old […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1697 Topics: Allegory of the Cave, Epistemology, Metaphysics, Socrates

Mill and Kant both Recommended to Base Morality

“Mill and Kant both recommended to base morality on a single principle (Kant and Mill).” Both join in their proposed first standard of ethical quality a sort of comprehensiveness, for Kant’s situation that of confining one’s tenets of activity to those that one can will to be an all-inclusive law of nature, for Mill’s situation […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1603 Topics: Epistemology, Immanuel Kant, Metaphysics, Utilitarianism

Immanuel Kant-The Greatest Thinker

Biography Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) was considered by philosophers to have been one of the greatest thinkers of all time. Kant lived in remote province where he was born for his entire life. He was the fourth of nine children but the oldest surviving child to obtain an education. His parents were devoted followers of Pietistic […]

Pages: 7 Words: 2129 Topics: Age Of Enlightenment, Conscience, Epistemology, Free Will, Immanuel Kant, Kantian Ethics, Metaphysics, Space

Senseless Conflict and Misery Regularly

For as long as history is recorded, senseless conflict and misery regularly transpired on the whims one head of state alone. During the 18th century many of the philosophers of the Enlightenment were concerned with ideas surrounding human beings’ autonomy and self-determination and challenged the idea of rule by a monarchy which had prevailed until […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1664 Topics: Free Will, Immanuel Kant, John Locke, Metaphysics, Rights, Social Contract

No Choice is Still a Choice

The saying “no choice is still a choice” is a prevalent theme in not only philosophy but throughout life as well. The experiences that we as human beings encounter forces us to make choices whether we willingly decide to or not. The biggest lesson is deciding what we individually place importance on and being at […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1444 Topics: Epistemology, Happiness, Immanuel Kant, Metaphysics, Utilitarianism

Analysis of the Allegory of the Cave

The Allegory of the Cave begins by introducing three men that are placed in a cave since childhood. The things these men experience and express have greater meanings than their literal text. The men are facing the wall of the cave and their legs and necks are chained to keep them from seeing what is […]

Pages: 3 Words: 856 Topics: Allegory, Allegory of the Cave, Epistemology, Knowledge, Metaphysics, Plato, Truth

Human Nature in “Bicentennial Man” and Plato’s View

Overview of the movie Isaac Asimov (scientist, anthropologist, and philosopher) writer of Bicentennial Man thought of this Robotic subject further beyond the mere joy of amazing possibilities of computer technology. In this movie, an android severing at Mr. Martin searches for his self identity, friendship, love, desires and finally, humanity. Andrew (named by his master), […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1394 Topics: Epistemology, Human Nature, Materialism, Metaphysics

Human Nature and Ethics Nietzsche and Plato Compared

This paper serves as an examination of the similarities and differences in the views of two philosophers, Plato and Nietzsche, relating top human nature and ethics as expressed in Plato’s The Republic and Nietzsche’s Beyond Good and Evil. Nietzsche writes this volume as the end of his life approaches and uses it as an instrument […]

Pages: 8 Words: 2407 Topics: Evil, Human Nature, Justice, Metaphysics, Morality, Motivation, Plato, Truth, Utilitarianism

Islam: Ethics in Television Assignment

The film being discussed is a scene known as “The Trolley Problem” which is in the second season of the movie “”The Good Place.”” The movie is an American fictional-comedy TV series that was produced by Michael Schur. The main characters in the episode include Eleanor Shellstrop, Chidi Anagonye, Tahani Al-Jamil, D’Arcy Carden, Jason Mendoza […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1266 Topics: Islam, Metaphysics, Morality, Utilitarianism

Blade Runner and the State of Authenticity

It’s undeniable that Blade Runner is a philosophical film. The plot of the film follows the human protagonist, Deckard, as he tracks four fugitive replicants. These replicants are synthetic beings, trying to reach their maker, a biotechnology mogul named Tyrell in an attempt to ask him to extend their short four-year lifespans. The premise is […]

Pages: 8 Words: 2376 Topics: Blade Runner, Metaphysics

Kant and Aristotle on Happiness

Human happiness has been a topic of discussion for thousands of years. The discussion focuses on how to reach true happiness, and the relevance of happiness to decision making. Over time, philosophers have mulled over human happiness, with Aristotle and Kant taking opposing stances. Aristotle believes happiness is the goal of human activity. Kant argues […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1495 Topics: Aristotle, Epistemology, Happiness, Immanuel Kant, Metaphysics, Plato, Utilitarianism, Virtue
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