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Metaphysics Essays

113 essay samples found
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The Differences between the Principles of Plato Aristotle

Plato and Aristotle are without a doubt two of the world’s greatest philosophers. Plato, a Greek philosopher and a student of Socrates, was born around 424-423 BC in Athens to a wealthy Athenian family and his death was around 347-348 BC. Following in the footsteps of Socrates, Plato wrote his works as dialogues. His notable […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1215 Topics: Aristotle, Belief, Epistemology, Knowledge, Metaphysics, Plato, Reality, Socrates, Space, Truth

The Purpose of the Aristotle Function Argument

According to Aristotle, humans ought to aim for a flourishing life which a good human would have and in order to determine human goodness, we need to understand the function of humans. Aristotle believes that rational activity and rationally guided cognition is the human function. Rationality is essentially acting in ways that are in accordance […]

Pages: 3 Words: 1012 Topics: Aristotle, Epistemology, Metaphysics, Virtue

Eudaimonia Happiness and Virtue on Aristotle

Aristotle was the ancestor of the concept of eudaimonia. The word “Eudaimonia refer to the type of life one thinks best, most worthwhile, or most desirable. It is generally referred to hedonic happiness. It is the belief that one is getting the important things one wants, as well as certain pleasant affects [1]. It is […]

Pages: 2 Words: 699 Topics: Aristotle, Epistemology, Happiness, Metaphysics, Virtue

Aristotle Vs. Plato

Throughout life, one will encounter many different people some with similar views and others with contrasting perspectives on reality. This topic and discussion on life and reality continues to rise debate since ancient times. Some of history’s most influential philosophers that attempt to describe life and reality are Aristotle and Plato. A student may choose […]

Pages: 2 Words: 745 Topics: Aristotle, Belief, Epistemology, Metaphysics, Plato, Reality

Philosophy: Truth is what Conforms with Fact or Reality

Truth, for many people, is simple – it is what conforms with fact or reality. Philosophy is concerned with what is true in the world, using many methods to search for the truth. Motivation for the search for truth can be pared down to wisdom and utility. Wisdom is the main goal of philosophy, as […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1360 Topics: Allegory of the Cave, Epistemology, Euthyphro, Logic, Metaphysics, Socrates, Truth
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Kant and Aristotle on Happiness

Human happiness has been a topic of discussion for thousands of years. The discussion focuses on how to reach true happiness, and the relevance of happiness to decision making. Over time, philosophers have mulled over human happiness, with Aristotle and Kant taking opposing stances. Aristotle believes happiness is the goal of human activity. Kant argues […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1495 Topics: Aristotle, Epistemology, Happiness, Immanuel Kant, Metaphysics, Plato, Utilitarianism, Virtue

“Allegory of the Cave” by Plato

Plato’s Allegory of the Cave is found in his Republic, in which Socrates explains the journey of a soul from the dark into the light (from ignorance to truth) and the issues it may present for those who become enlightened to the level of philosophy. In Plato’s Apology, the presentation and reception of the old […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1697 Topics: Allegory of the Cave, Epistemology, Metaphysics, Socrates

The Moral Values for Aristotle

“Some identify happiness with virtue, some with practical wisdom, others with a kind of philosophical wisdom, others add or exclude pleasure and yet others include prosperity. We agree with those who identify happiness with virtue, for virtue belongs with virtuous behavior and virtue is only known by its acts (Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics). In Aristotle Nicomachean […]

Pages: 3 Words: 924 Topics: Aristotle, Epistemology, Happiness, Metaphysics, Virtue

Civil Rights Leader – Mahatma Gandhi

An extremely influential civil rights leader, by the name of Mahatma Gandhi, once said, “The best way to find yourself is to lose yourself in the service of others.” My interpretation of the quote is that one can discover a numerous amount of qualities in a needy person, as they possibly maybe similar to oneself. […]

Pages: 1 Words: 427 Topics: Mahatma Gandhi, Metaphysics

The Analysis of the Matrix Vs the Allegory of the Cave

Neo, from the movie The Matrix directed by Lana Wachowski, is a perfect example of an accidental hero. In the future, a hacker called Neo is contacted by a small group that explain reality as he knows is actually a computer program called the Matrix. Made by an AI, the Matrix hides the truth, allowing […]

Pages: 2 Words: 511 Topics: Allegory of the Cave, Epistemology, Metaphysics, The Matrix

Introduction to Humanities: Philosophical Thought

Analyze the changes in the concept of hero and saint in the emergence of Romanticism (St. Francis and Dante), the agony and ecstasy of Michelangelo, Enlightenment patterns of cultural mutation, and Kierkegaard’s portrayal of Abraham. How do these changes in philosophical thought show development over time? The emergence of Romanticism in the early 13th century […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1539 Topics: Faith, God, Hero, Martin Luther, Metaphysics, Michelangelo, Romanticism

Between Positivism and Idealism

Idealism has three core assumptions. One of idealism’s assumptions is that because there is no social order or external reality within society then laws and universals don’t exist. This assumption extends by saying that because there are no laws or universals to follow or look at we can only understand the meanings of social practices […]

Pages: 7 Words: 2244 Topics: Belief, Dehumanization, Epistemology, Metaphysics, Morality, Reality, Social Issues

Philosophy of the Imagination

Through particular modes of the imagination, an individual can respond to trials more effectively and ultimately reach success. In How We Hope, Adrienne Martin presents “active fantasies” as a way in which a person imagines a world where their hopeful outcome exists. While Martin describes both positive and negative forms of fantasizing, she does not […]

Pages: 11 Words: 3236 Topics: Adoption, Goal, Hope, Metaphysics, Mother, Neuroscience, Problem Solving

Immanuel Kant-The Greatest Thinker

Biography Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) was considered by philosophers to have been one of the greatest thinkers of all time. Kant lived in remote province where he was born for his entire life. He was the fourth of nine children but the oldest surviving child to obtain an education. His parents were devoted followers of Pietistic […]

Pages: 7 Words: 2129 Topics: Age Of Enlightenment, Conscience, Epistemology, Free Will, Immanuel Kant, Kantian Ethics, Metaphysics, Space

Mill and Kant both Recommended to Base Morality

“Mill and Kant both recommended to base morality on a single principle (Kant and Mill).” Both join in their proposed first standard of ethical quality a sort of comprehensiveness, for Kant’s situation that of confining one’s tenets of activity to those that one can will to be an all-inclusive law of nature, for Mill’s situation […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1603 Topics: Epistemology, Immanuel Kant, Metaphysics, Utilitarianism

Aristotle’s Function Argument

Aristotle believes that if one wants to live well, one should organize their life by reference to the very best thing that humans can obtain in action?”something he calls “the human good. He portrays that a good life should point towards eudaimonia, which may also be interpreted as happiness. However, unlike our modern understanding of […]

Pages: 3 Words: 991 Topics: Aristotle, Epistemology, Happiness, Metaphysics, Plato, Virtue, Virtue Ethics

Senseless Conflict and Misery Regularly

For as long as history is recorded, senseless conflict and misery regularly transpired on the whims one head of state alone. During the 18th century many of the philosophers of the Enlightenment were concerned with ideas surrounding human beings’ autonomy and self-determination and challenged the idea of rule by a monarchy which had prevailed until […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1664 Topics: Free Will, Immanuel Kant, John Locke, Metaphysics, Rights, Social Contract

“Allegory of the Cave”

Explain, analyze, and interpret Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave” from Book VII of Republic (p.193-198; 514a-519b). Plato was an ancient Athenian Philosopher who studied under fellow philosopher Socrates. He would later become one of the most influential philosophers of all time. One of Plato’s most notable works and most famous allegory was the “Allegory of the […]

Pages: 7 Words: 1978 Topics: Allegory, Allegory of the Cave, Epistemology, Logic, Metaphysics, Plato, Socrates, Truth

Dan Millman’s the Way of the Peaceful Warrior

In Dan Millman’s embarks on a journey to find “unreasonable happiness”. He sets out to find the true meaning of happiness displayed by when he says, “All these years I had been sustained by an illusion – happiness through victory – and now that illusion was burned to ashes. I was no happier, no more […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1692 Topics: Allegory of the Cave, Epistemology, Happiness, Metaphysics, Plato, Socrates

The Philosophy of Black Mirror

Throughout history, everyone as a whole has transformed society from a period of primitive technology to an era of instant information. This allows the production of new equipment that makes people’s lives more entertaining, easier, and proficient. It ensures the health and safety of others in times of trouble. We are to the point where […]

Pages: 8 Words: 2306 Topics: Metaphysics, Movie, Social Issues

The Importance of One’s Value System in Personal Development

At the point when our activities and words are lined up with our qualities, life is commonly great and we feel content, certain, and fulfilled. In any case, when our practices do not coordinate with our qualities, we before long start to detect an uneasiness that starts to swell and develop within us. We live […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1453 Topics: Growth Mindset, Metaphysics, Reasoning, Value

No Choice is Still a Choice

The saying “no choice is still a choice” is a prevalent theme in not only philosophy but throughout life as well. The experiences that we as human beings encounter forces us to make choices whether we willingly decide to or not. The biggest lesson is deciding what we individually place importance on and being at […]

Pages: 5 Words: 1444 Topics: Epistemology, Happiness, Immanuel Kant, Metaphysics, Utilitarianism

Free Will is Living

Life is full of choices, everyday we wake up and immediately begin deciding one thing over another. Some of them we do not even think about prior to doing so, such as waking up and taking a shower or not, what we are gonna eat for breakfast even what kind of music will we listen […]

Pages: 6 Words: 1720 Topics: Epistemology, Free Will, Metaphysics

Every Chance Must have a Cause

In this case, Locke’s actions are doings in this sense, according to his theory of action. There are few instances where Locke more so suggests that he holds the position of “Doing” theory of action, which can be seen by his discussion: “When [a Body] is set in motion it self, that Motion is rather […]

Pages: 8 Words: 2268 Topics: Epistemology, Free Will, Metaphysics

Question of the Existence of True Altruism

We have all heard the stories of human beings sacrificing themselves and doing good for others, whether it is someone jumping down onto the tracks of a subway platform as a train was approaching to save a man who had fallen or a person leaping in front of a bullet to save another’s life. Acts […]

Pages: 3 Words: 1009 Topics: Altruism, Epistemology, Metaphysics, Psychological Egoism

Buddha Stautes and Beliefs

I have always seen the buddha statue in places all across the world while travelling and I never had an understanding of what it really means. What’s the culture and story behind it? The reason I picked this for my cultural artifact is because I’ve always seen the Himalayas in documentaries and have associated the […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1298 Topics: Buddha, Buddhism, Meditation, Metaphysics

Is a Business a Profit?

Increasingly corporations see business ethics as the bottom-line matter-not the optional one of ethics. This adoption of ethics as leading to collective operating gains or losses means they are receiving new attention. It is for the reason that “ acting ethically and responsibly ” may take this movement of the time, if just because the […]

Pages: 2 Words: 685 Topics: Business Ethics, Consequentialism, Epistemology, Immanuel Kant, Metaphysics, Virtue Ethics

Free Will and Ethics in the Catholic Church

Throughout history, various forms of determinism have emerged. One has a mythological or religious horizon. According to this vision, men are directed and controlled by superior forces, by God or by divinities, in such a way that if Oedipus killed his father and married his mother it is because he was determined to commit a […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1227 Topics: Catholic, Epistemology, Free Will, Metaphysics

Strengths and Weaknesses of Reason as a Way of Knowing

There are some factors of the human body that play different important roles in acquiring knowledge, understanding and analyzing this knowledge. Ways of Knowing include emotion, language, perception and reason. These ways of knowing offer a media for interpretation understanding and communication of information. The knowledge phrase that we derive from this is “The Strengths […]

Pages: 4 Words: 1253 Topics: Epistemology, Knowledge, Metaphysics, Strengths And Weaknesses

Human Nature Person

Aristotle was taught by Plato who was taught by Socrates. In a sense they all their had own specific way of thinking of human nature but they also had a way of relating to each other. Plato believed in the Theory of Forms while Aristotle believed in metaphysics and Socrates believed in the key to […]

Pages: 2 Words: 712 Topics: Aristotle, Epistemology, Human Nature, Metaphysics, Plato, Socrates
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