On the 17th January 2017, at a campaign rally in Miami, President Donald Trump stated that A Trump administration will stop illegal immigration, deport all criminal aliens, and save American lives (poltifact.com). The president and his administration will do actions to keep the US clear and safe. Trump tried to deport about 11 million undocumented immigrants (Wessler).
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This is just so cruel to destroy people live by sending them back to totally strange country, to separate their family, and to take away their properties. According to Gustavo Lopez, 340,000 immigrants deported in 2016, some 40% had criminal convictions and 60% were not convicted of a crime (pewresearch.org, Key findings about U.S. immigrants). I believe that deportation of illegal immigrants is wrong, under the look of Deontology.
Deontology is often associated with philosopher Immanuel Kant. Kant believed that ethical actions follow universal moral laws (ethicsunwrapped.utexas.edu). According to Kant, you should do what is right because it is right, for example: save lives, tell the truth, help people, do not steal. Now we can have a closer look into illegal immigrant deportation issue. Trump and his administration have zero tolerance for illegal immigrants because they want to remove the bad people from this country in order to keep the US safe, save jobs for US citizens, save healthcare facilities and foods. These are good results of that action. However, deontologist will say: this action is wrong. According to Deontology (Kant), we should help people to live, to work, support their families and contribute to this country. It is right to help people and save people, not deport or separate their families. The most recent IRS data, from 2015, shows that the agency received 4.4 million income tax returns from workers who don’t have Social Security numbers, which includes a large number of undocumented immigrants (vox.com). That means undocumented immigrants worked, contribute to the US economics, and support their family without help from the government. Other people believe that sending back immigrants committing crime will reduce the crime rates. Actually, immigrants are less likely to commit crimes than native-born Americans (unidosus.org). Even the people who commits crime, after spending years in jail, they can rebuild their lives. Undocumented people will be sent back to their countries with no tolerance. The government treat these people badly.
I believe that the government should help illegal immigrants obtain the documents to stay in the US legally. It is right to help people reach their dream and it is right to protect people despite of the consequences. Contrast to Deontology (Kant), Utilitarianism (Mill, John S et al. 1979 ) looks at the result. Utilitarianism (Mill, John S et al. 1979 ) focus mainly on action and the end. Utilitarianists think that illegal immigrants deportation is needed because immigrants came to the American, took jobs, used services, gave births to obtain citizenship, brought diseases, not pay taxes¦ They use deportation as a mean to and end that American is free, clear of immigrants. Those are just thought and myths native-born American believe. The fact is illegal immigrants did not abuse welfare, Illegal immigrants don’t have access at all”except for emergency Medicaid (cato.org); they commit less crime than native-born American: In 2015 in Texas, there were 1,794 convictions against natives per 100,000 natives, 782 convictions of illegal immigrants for every 100,000 illegal immigrants (cato.org); and undocumented immigrants paid taxes too: the government makes money off of immigrants, The Social Security Administration’s balance of taxes that cannot be matched to workers’ names and social security number grew by $20 billion between 1990 and 1998 (cato.org). Immigrants have a lot of reasons to leave their country such as escaping from violence, poverty, poor healthcare system, religions and gender discrimination. No matter the reasons, I firmly believe that we have to save these illegal immigrants and help them to build their new life in the US.
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