Homeschooling in the United States of America
Homeschooling in the United States comprises the education of about 3.4 percent of United States students which is approximately two million students (US department of education, 2014) In the United States, and the Supreme Court has enacted the rule that parents possess the fundamental right to supervise the education of their children. The fundamental right of parents to home-school is not most at times challenged in court, but the level of state regulation in a child education continues to be subject of legal debate. Homeschooling in the US was practiced majorly in rural areas, but in the 1970s, different bodies called the attention of the government to homeschooling, and so many families began to homeschooling their steward (Hughes, 2006). As the year 2012, about 1.8 million students were homeschooled by their parents. Perception and Reality Parents of the United States gave various reasons for homeschooling their children. In the year 2003 and 2007, parents were interviewed if some particular reasons for homeschooling their children applied to them. The three primary reasons picked by parents of over 2/3 of students were concern about the school environment, and provision of religious or moral instruction, and their dissatisfaction with the academic direction present at other schools. Therefore from the year 2003 to 2007, the percentage of students reported homeschooled because of religious or moral instruction increased from 72% to 83% (US Department of education, 2008). In the year 2007, the most populous reason parents gave as the most necessary was their desire to provide religious or moral instruction. The spiritual belief being was presented by Evangelical Christians; therefore this reason was accompanied by a concern about the United States school environment; which were safety, drugs, or negative peer pressure. 21% of parents were dissatisfied with academic instruction, while 17% had other reasons such as family time, finances, travel, and distance. 14% of parents’ rights comprise more flexibility in educational practices and family core stability for children with learning disabilities or prolonged chronic illnesses, or even for children of missionaries, military families, or families who often move, as frequently as every two years. Some parents suggested that they want more privilege or time for their children to associate with a wide range of ages, to visit museums, to do outdoor education, to attend concerts, to travel more, to make more field trips, to visit workplaces, to tour government buildings, to seek mentorships, and to study nature outside. It is observed that a homeschooling family can typically enjoy more field trips and visit more places than traditional schools. Home schooling Curriculum Home schooling curriculum requirements differ from one state to another state. Some countries in the United States require homeschoolers to provide information about their curriculum. Other states of the United States such as Texas just need that some subjects be covered and do not need submission of the curriculum.
Meanwhile, some other state such as North Carolina, view home-schools as a form of private school, allowing each homeschool the liberty to select the curriculum appropriate for its pupils. While several complete curricula are available from a wide range of secular and religious sources, many families have decided to use a variety of resources to cover the necessary subjects. It is not unusual for a homeschooled pupil to earn some college credits from a two or four-year college before eventually completing the 12th grade. Some states in the United States were providing a public school at home programs. These programs could be online or virtual; public schools replicate major aspects of the homeschooling assumptions. It is important to note that students in these programs are really public school students and are subject to most of the requirements of other public school pupils. When parents enroll their stewards in this program, they give total control over the curriculum and program to the public school, although a casual onlooker might perceive they are homeschooling. Some public school at home programs provides parents discrepancy in curriculum choice; others parents require the use of a specified curriculum. A hallmark feature of homeschooling can be considered as a total parental or student control over the curriculum and program. Some few costs are burden by taxpayers, and these costs are the provision of books, supplies, and other needs, for the public school at home pupils, just as it is done for conventional public school students. The United States constitution prohibited against setting up a religion-oriented course in the public school-home programs, so, therefore, taxpayer money cannot lawfully be used to purchase a curriculum that is religiously inclined. How Do Homeschooled Kids Move Ahead? In various ways, homeschooling reduces the need for traditionally accustomed homework usually required by schools, particularly for basic school age pupils. Without there being twenty or more children in one classroom, schoolwork can often be completed in a shorter time frame during the school day, eliminating the need for extra classes afterward. Having a one on one tutor for pupils, the parent and the teacher constantly observe their stewards as they learn. This direct observation by parents and teacher allows them to keep track of a child’s proficiency in his studies (Coogan, M. F. 2010). Then the pupil assignments are then tailored accordingly. Homeschooled stewards, as they grow older, they often attend more traditional class session, therefore giving them experience in completing more regular homework assignments. Some public schools in the United States allow homeschooled pupils to participate in a specific class session that they select. As the students get older, homeschooled pupils may enroll in community college classes and begin their college studies early. Although grades in some particular subjects are not necessarily needed, many families do administer graded tests, some with the aid of computer programs. The homeschooling environment permits the children to progress at their own pace until they have mastered the necessary materials. A few states require standardized testing at specific interval while some other states don’t. Some families prefer to have their kids examined to ensure that their stewards are progressing academically.
Other homeschoolers perceive there is no need for such examination until a child reaches high school. Homeschooling could be a continual process until student graduates and enters college. Families may prefer homeschooling throughout their steward’s education, or they may do so for only a few years before transferring their kids back into a mainstream school system. Most colleges are beginning to accept the notion of homeschooling, and thus increasing the program popularity eventually. Acceptability of Homeschooling in the America States U.S. Supreme Court precedent In the United States homeschooling is lawful in all fifty states, the United States Supreme Court has never ruled on homeschooling specifically, but in Wisconsin v. Yoder, 406 U.S. 205 (1972) the supreme court supported the fundamental rights of Amish parents to keep their stewards out of public schools for religious reasons (David M. Smolin 2008). The Supreme Court has ruled, however, that Amish parents have a fundamental right to set up a home and train up children along with the right to serve God according to the dictates of their conscience. This combination of fundamental rights is the foundation for calling homeschooling a fundamental right under the Supreme Court’s concept of liberty protected by the Due Process Clause. The Rule of Law that restricts fundamental rights is subject to strict scrutiny, the highest standard if the law is challenged in the courts. Homeschooling Requirements in Maryland The fundamentally legal requirements in Maryland are that your stewards need to first file their homeschooled affidavit at Maryland state department of education (2018). After this process, the state coordinator for that region or area will contact the parent to discuss portfolio requirements and to let the parent know what is next. He will meet at least two to three times during the year just to let them take a look at what you have been doing. You need to touch on each required subject but in your way. A Typical Homeschooling Day For instance, your day starts at 9:00 am in the morning. You might begin with a one on one conversation to help determine what kind of day it will be. After that, you complete whatever chores you have, for instance, making of your the beds, laundry, etc. so therefore your day is clear. At this point, your stewards’ homeschooling begins. You may choose to break down your stewards’ schedule as follows: 1. Math and reading every day 2. Science every other day 3. English and geography every other day To entirely have convenient homeschooling parents could log intoTime4Learning platform. This platform may play a significant role in your daily schedule. Many homeschoolers use it on a regular basis for all of their subjects. It often gives their parents a sense of confidence that they need to continue with their homeschooling.