Triumph and Tragedy in History the American Revolution
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Before the outbreak, the Americans and British had problems. The British government heavily taxed the colonists on items like tea, paper goods, glass, etc. This was known as the Stamp Act of 1765, Townshend Act of 1767, and the Tea Act of 1773. Violence didn’t start happening until British soldiers fired openly on a group of American colonists. This attack was known as the Boston Massacre. A group of Bostonians dressed up like Mohawk Indians in 1773. The colonists were very upset; some people protested by throwing tea into the harbor.
The British Parliament was unhappy, so they created an act known as the Intolerable Acts. This Act was made to restrict power to Massachusetts. The Revolutionary War started in 1775.
The American soldiers fought in the war because they wanted their freedom and rights from Britain. The colonists were not having it; therefore, a phrase was born. The quote “No taxation without representation” was conceived because they had no representation in the British Parliament. There were multiple battles in the American Revolution. The first battle was the Battle of Lexington and Concord. On April 19, around 700 British troops infringed on 77 minutemen in Lexington, in the town green. The result of the battle was that about 200 British soldiers were either killed, injured or missing. The United States lost many minutemen but in the end, America won. This battle was disastrous for the British but beneficial for the colonists. This was the first battle in the American Revolution. After this battle, British troops retreated back to Boston.
The second battle of the Revolutionary War was the Siege of Fort Ticonderoga. The Battle of Chelsea Creek was the third, the Battle of Bunker Hill was the fourth, and the Battle of Quebec, fought in Quebec City in 1775, was the fifth. This battle killed 5 and wounded 14 British soldiers. The sixth battle was the Battle of Long Island, the Battle of White Plains was the seventh, and the Battle of Fort Washington, fought in 1776, was the eighth. The ninth battle was the Battle of Trenton, fought in Jersey in 1776. The Battle of Princeton, fought in 1777, followed that. After came the Battle of Oriskany, also fought in 1777. Then it was the Battle of Bennington. Following the Battle of Bennington, there was another battle named the Battle of Brandywine.
The next important battle was the Battle of Saratoga. This battle was significant because it was the turning point of the war. About 5,000 Hessian and British troops surrendered on October 17, 1777. The French entered the battle and joined the colonists in the fight against Britain in 1778. The Battle of Saratoga was very important because the United States won. However, I also feel that the battle was tragic because many people died. There were more battles after the Battle of Saratoga. The last important battle was the Battle of Yorktown, with George Washington commanding approximately 17,000 Continental and French soldiers. Charles Cornwallis surrendered to George Washington. This was the most critical battle in the American Revolution, which ended in 1783. The American Revolution lasted about seven to eight years. The war concluded when the British Parliament agreed to the Treaty of Paris in 1783, which officially ended the war. In conclusion, the United States won the American Revolution, marking it a victory. The Treaty of Paris was a document that recognized the United States as an independent and free country.