Supply of Various Items Rose
Just like a coin, there are two sides to everything. Industrialization has brought revolution to the world as we know it today and want to serve people, help them in make their lives better, but it has also brought many ineradicable harms and negative effects in the society.
Industrialization has brought revolution to the world. It has improved life in every aspect. With the development of factories and machines the production of items became faster and cheaper than could be made by hand.
As the supply of various items rose, their cost to the consumer declined and other items that enhance people’s quality of life became more common and less expensive. With industrialization foreign trade also went up which brought increased wealth to the companies that produced these goods and added tax revenue to government coffers. But reality is also that the main goal associated with industrialization is to gain power or get in charge. Governments get most of their revenues from industries and to most extent are dependent on those massive organizations, industries also demand somethings in return which are business policies that favour industries to grow more and get the maximum profit even if these policies are not favourable for the common people.
In addition to improved quality of life industrialization also helped in reducing unemployment and poverty, as new manufacturing machines were invented, and new factories were built, new employment opportunities arose. No longer was the average person so closely tied to agriculture and live stalk. Industrialization reduced the emphasis on landownership as the chief source of personal wealth. The rising demand for manufactured goods meant that average people could make their fortunes in cities as factory employees, which pays better wages than farm-related positions.
People could save some portion of their wages, and many had the opportunity to invest in profitable businesses and make their life better. This claim of the industrialists that they have increased employment rate and reduced the poverty is not true to the full extent it was true until human used to work in factories i.e. when it was mutually beneficial for both industries and workers. When industrialists found that machines can work faster and cheaper they fired a lot of workers which created mass unemployment. This is because industrialists want their business to grow no matter what the cost is.
As industrialization progressed, more and more rural folk flocked to the cities in search of better pay in the factories. To increase the factories overall efficiency and to take advantage of new opportunities in the market, factory workers were trained to perform specialized tasks. Factory owners divided their workers into different groups, each group focusing on a specific task. Some groups secured and transported to the factories raw materials used in mass production of goods, while other groups operated different machines.
Some groups of workers fixed machines when they broke down, while others were charged with making improvements to them and overall factory operation. True is also that the whole processing of the system is not as smooth as it is presented. Factories quickly became all about profit. The working conditions for the large amount of people working these factories were extremely poor. They were forced to work extremely long hours with few breaks and little pay in order to maximize profits. This resulted in stress related illnesses, the spread of disease, and death throughout the factories. Industrialization on the other hand also brought child labour.
In addition, the housing, transportation, and recreational needs of factory workers resulted in the rapid expansion of cities and towns. Governmental Bureaucracy grew to support these, and new specialized departments were created to handle traffic, sanitation, taxation, and other services. Other businesses within the towns also became more specialized as more builders, physicians, lawyers, and other workers were added to handle the various needs of the new residents.
Industrialization has improved the life of everyone whether rich or poor. Rich can buy all the luxuries of the world and enjoy their life to fullest and poor people can get jobs in the industries and make their life good by working hard. On the other side, industries also make different quality of products to get benefit from every group of people. They make good quality products for the rich people and provide additional incentives as well to get their trust and use them for their own personal goals like advertising their own products and making connections with the strong group of people. Industrialists drain rich people money and use them for their own growth.
Poor people never enjoyed the true benefits of industrial revolution, they have been exploited in the name of employment with working for so many hours in harsh conditions and not getting the pay which, they really deserved, and this resulted in extreme level of poverty. They are the one who got used the most. As they had no other means to earn, they always chose to work no matter how hard conditions were put on them. Employees didn’t feel stable on their job, because they could lose their position with little-to-no notice. In this way they were forced to work like a slave without considering their demands. The housing provided is always dreadfully unclean, insufficient and unsanitary, thus led to breeding disease.
Industrial revolution also brought about development in transport system of the world. The means of transportation used before were animal based like horses and carts which changed to engine-based means. This resulted in fast transportation and increased the trade.
But this and the overall development of industries brought about one of the major issues of the world; pollution. Before industrialization the environment was clean and hygienic, but industries and automobile system has been releasing disease causing chemicals into the air and water which also resulted in global warming.
Industrial revolution led to decrease in the levels of farming which caused less production of organic food which was then replaced by processed inorganic food. Inorganic food has not been a healthy choice as it led to many health-related problems such as obesity, uncontrolled B.P. etc.
Industrial revolution has proved to be beneficial for mankind but not fully. It has given world the harms that we are here now with environmental, health, and socio-economic problems which need to be solved with serious consideration otherwise one day homo sapiens will also be extinct just like other species.