Some of the Key Features of the Columbian Exchange
Some key features of the Columbian Exchange were new types of food like plant and animal species such as horses, cows and grain crops. This exchange allowed for an increase in food production and trade, bettering the economies throughout not only the Americas but around the globe.
The Spanish conquistadors were able to complete their conquest of Latin America much quicker than their contemporaries because the Spanish Conquistadors were successful in extinguishing of the Aztecs. The Aztecs were exposed to deadly diseases that were brought over by the Europeans, harsh and unfair treatment, and were up against advanced forms of weaponry. This was a huge advantage that the Spanish Conquistadors had for their conquest.
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What Louis XIV hoped to accomplish was to develop an absolute monarch and ensure the combination of his Bourbon Dynasty over European affairs. Also, Louis’ pursuit in power led the king to develop a professional army numbering up to 100,000 men during peace time and 400,000 men during war time.
What role did politics play in the success of the Protestant Reformation Martin Luther’s Ninety-Five Thesis’ was one of the major ways politics began to play a role in the success of the Protestant Reformation. Luther’s movement sparked the reformation by putting an end to the influence of religious control in government. This then opened the doors for politics to be taken more seriously and play a more important role in their society, which over time, allowed for vocalizing of opinions and advancement of education. How did the social policies adopted by the Ottomans compare with those of the Mughals? What similarities and differences do you detect, and what might account for them?
The Ottoman’s social policies were: following in the Islamic law named Shari’a, except for the minorities in the Ottoman empire, they followed a set of law called the Millet, social classes were divided by occupation and residency, and women given mostly the same rights as males. The Mughals differed from the practice of Islamic law. Instead, they practice a new form of worship that was called the “divine faith”, combining several religious practices. Mughals had mostly nonnative Muslim control in government but also accepted Hindus. There were multiple similarities between the two empires but also many differences.
What role did women play in the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires? What might explain the similarities and differences? How did the treatment of women in these states compare with their treatment in other parts of the world?
Within the Ottoman and Safavid Empire, they had similar treatment of women. Women were treated and acknowledged as human beings. They were given rights and were treated as close to equal to men as possible and were involved in the empire itself. This treatment was not the same throughout other parts of the world. For example, the Mughal Empire had the opposite view of women in their society. There was no tolerance for women’s rights in this empire and men and women were not treated as equals. Some historians have declared that during the Tokugawa era the Japanese government essentially sought to close the country to all forms of outside influence. Is that claim justified? Why or why not?
I feel that the claim is not justified. The reasoning for that is that although after cutting off western religions in Japan, there were still forms of trade taking place between Europe and Japan. Japan restricted trade with Europe to only take place by a small island in the Nagasaki Harbor called Deshima. Although Japan did this to regulate foreign trade more closely, they were not completely closed off to outside influences.
What was the nature of Sino-Korean relations during the early modern era? How did they compare with Chinese policies toward Vietnam? The relations of the Sino-Korean during the early modern era were dependent on the Chinese Empire. Korea continued to pattern their society and self after the Chinese model and had strong cultural and political relations with the Chinese Empire. This differed from the Chinese policies toward Vietnam because Vietnam followed an imperialist path of its own.”