Significance of Alexander III the Great
Ancient Greece consisted of the land Greece, the islands of the Aegean Sea and the west coast of Asia Minor which is modern day Turkey. Ancient Greece’s land is ?? covered in mountains, this impacted many city-states since they all had to rely on themselves and settlement was difficult. I will be discussing about the region of Macedonia. The region of Macedonia consists of the northern portion of Greece and the Balkan Peninsula. During 359-323 BC, the city-state of Macedonia influenced the world by creating the Hellenistic Age and by conquering the Persian Empire.
Macedonia’s ruler, Alexander III the Great was in charge of many Macedonia’s achievements. When he started to rule at the age of 20, he got rid of all rebellions who heard of Philip’s death that were Thracians, Illyrians, and Greeks. He then started to make allies with troops that were Thracians, Illyrians, and Greeks to helped him invade Persia. According to historyofmacedonia.org, “His victory over the battles of Granicus, Issus, and Gaugamela lead to them being able to take over the Persian Empire.” This then impacted the region since the Macedonia’s Empire would expand all over Europe, Egypt, and India. This will then impact the world around it because they would be shaping and changing this region for the next 3 centuries.
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After the death of Alexander III the Great, his generals “Diadochi” created the Hellenistic Age. This Hellenistic Age first started when they broke the region down amongst themselves into three dynasties the Seleucids which included Syria and Persia, the Ptolemies that included Egypt and the Antigonids that included Greece and Macedonia. Then they added lots of commissioned art, sculptures and extravagant jewelry for their palaces. According to history.com, “The generals used their wealth to import ivory, gold, pearls, cotton, spices and sugar (for medicine) from India; furs and iron were imported from the Far East; wine was imported from Syria; papyrus and glass were from Alexandria; olive oil from Athens; prunes were imported from Babylon and Damaskos; silver, copper and tin were imported from Spain, Cyprus, Cornwall and Brittany.” They traded to help improve their regions and gain more allies by doing trade. This then impact the world around it because now everyone from the Alexandrian empire could speak or read koine which is an informal Greek.
Although, Macedonia had many creations and achievements they also had a negative conflict with the rest of Greece. Macedonia wasn’t recognized as a civilized city-state according to Greece. But they did speak Greek and had adapted to the Greece culture. Since they had lacked on having large cities and philosophers, they were isolated. They were in the Northern part of Greece and had to be reliant on themselves.
In conclusion, Macedonia’s achievements include the creation of the Hellenistic Age, and the expansion of the empire with the help of Alexander III the Great. Alexander III the Great not only invade the Persian Empire, but he also won many other battles including the battle of Granicus, the battle of Issus, and the battle of Gaugamela. We can still see some of these examples of their achievements today because some of their architecture is still standing today and Alexandria is considered as the second largest city in Greece and the main port for the Mediterranean Sea. Macedonia should be highlighted within Ancient Greek if not world history because they had conquered most of Ancient Greek and could teach, spake or read koine which is an informal Greek. As a result, Alexander III the Great should be remembered since he expanded and helped the empire greatly.