Pearl Harbor: a Brief Overview of the Day that Changed History

Exclusively available on PapersOwl
Updated: Dec 01, 2023
Cite this
Category:Pearl Harbor
Date added
Order Original Essay

How it works

President Franklin D. Roosevelt once said, “This date will live in infamy.” It was December 7, 1941, when the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service launched a surprise military attack on the US naval facility at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. This strike had significant ramifications for both the United States and the larger World War II scenario. In order to provide a succinct overview of Pearl Harbor’s events, this article will examine the reasons for the assault, the specifics of the incident, and how it affected the development of World War II.

Need a custom essay on the same topic?
Give us your paper requirements, choose a writer and we’ll deliver the highest-quality essay!
Order now

The rising hostilities between Japan and the United States are what led to the assault on Pearl Harbor. The United States responded to Japan’s aggressive East Asian development in the 1930s with growing worry and economic penalties, which strained relations between the two countries. A major provocation was the U.S. ban on oil shipments to Japan, which endangered Japan’s military and industrial growth. Japan saw the assault on Pearl Harbor as a preventive action to stop the United States from interfering with its strategy of taking control of the Pacific and Southeast Asia.

Around 350 Japanese aircraft, including fighters, bombers, and torpedo planes, assaulted Pearl Harbor in two waves early on December 7th, 1944, taking off from six aircraft carriers. The assault went for the military airfields on the island of Oahu as well as the United States Pacific Fleet. Four U.S. Navy warships were lost and four more suffered damage as a result of the deadly surprise attack. The assault also damaged or destroyed about 200 aircraft, as well as a number of destroyers and cruisers. With over 2,400 Americans lost their lives and over 1,000 injured, the human cost was as horrifying. Notably, the assault missed oil storage facilities and repair yards, which would have had a more devastating impact on U.S. naval operations, as well as the three aircraft carriers of the Pacific Fleet, which were not in the harbor at the time.

The effects of the Pearl Harbor assault were both immediate and extensive. The United States formally entered World War II the next day when it declared war on Japan, having previously simply provided political and material assistance to the Allies. Japan’s move dispelled any lingering isolationist ideas and united the American public opinion in support of joining the war. Moreover, Germany and Italy, two of Japan’s Axis allies, declared war on the United States in response to the assault on Pearl Harbor, turning the fight into a true worldwide struggle.

In hindsight, Japan’s assault on Pearl Harbor is often seen as a strategic error. It finally sparked a determined war effort by the American people and government, which helped the Allies win the Pacific and destroy Japan. Since then, the incident has been thoroughly investigated and discussed, emerging as a significant chapter in the histories of both Japan and the United States. It serves as a sobering reminder of the destruction caused by war and the value of diplomatic involvement in cross-border disputes.

In summary, the assault on Pearl Harbor, which signaled the United States’ entrance into global War II and changed the direction of the conflict, is a pivotal moment in global history. It is a potent illustration of how poorly thought out hostility may have unexpected and far-reaching effects, influencing the fate of whole countries as well as the lives of innumerable people. Pearl Harbor serves as a constant reminder of the costs paid during the war and the ongoing need for peace, understanding, and alertness in international relations as we commemorate it.

The deadline is too short to read someone else's essay
Hire a verified expert to write you a 100% Plagiarism-Free paper

Cite this page

Pearl Harbor: A Brief Overview of the Day That Changed History. (2023, Dec 01). Retrieved from