Asthma is a Chronic Disease
Asthma is a chronic disease involving your airways, where air comes in and out of lungs. With Asthma your airways become swollen and narrow, displaying inflammation and production of extra mucus. Becoming an obstruction on the airway and can even become life-threatening. When symptoms are triggered swelling and tightness enhances becoming a problem for breathing, displaying wheezing, coughing and shortness of breath. Asthma itself cannot be cured, but its symptoms can be restrained.
Asthma symptoms can differ from person to person and can come from time to time. There are common symptoms that several with asthma have shown to suffer from such as shortness of breath, chest tightness, wheezing, coughing, and trouble sleeping. While those happening to be common others might suffer from more pressing symptoms like flare-ups and asthma attacks, normally caused by allergies or allergens; pet dander, pollen, mold or dust mites. Smoking, pollution, high stress, changes in weather; cold can further trigger these symptoms. Someone with asthma might have to modify their lifestyles, as certain actions or situations can produce a flare-up, a common one is exercising called Exercise-induced asthma. Others are Occupational asthma triggered by chemical fumes, dust, gases or other harmful substances and Allergy-induced asthma provoked by airborne substances, including pollen, mold, or cockroach waste.
It is unknown why someone develops asthma, yet someone with a family history of asthma is more likely to get asthma. Which is why an accurate medical history is a part of being diagnosed including a breathing test to measure how adequately your lungs work, called Spirometry. The patient takes a deep breath and blows out into a sensor which then will measure the volume of air your lungs can endure as well as the speed of the air been inhaled or exhaled. This test is used to diagnose the severity of the condition or if treatments are working. Another test that is more commonly used is among patients with eosinophilic asthma a severe type asthma and the testing is to determine the amount of inflammation present. Patients will asthma are more commonly diagnosed with allergies which is why allergy testing may additionally be performed to help avoid allergic traits decreasing the asthma symptoms
Not only is the cause of asthma unknown, but the way to prevent it is as well. Modifying your lifestyles is a step plan that can help ease living with your condition. Avoiding certain triggers that worsen your condition, adjusting to a different layout for a goal to have little to no contact with your triggers. Take your medications as directed and prescribed by your doctor even when feeling better unless told by your doctor. And constantly stay up-to-date with your vaccination for pneumonia and influenza as it can help prevent flare-ups.