Alexander III of Macedon

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Updated: Dec 02, 2022
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Alexander III of Macedon made a impact on his people. Alexander the great earned his title as the great. He achieved many things in his life. A lot of people still remember him after he passed. He did a lot for his people. He was king of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon. He was born in Pella in 356 BC. He was smart and great opportunities being a prince to learn from the best smartest people. He showed that he was special even at the age of 12, when he showed impressive courage when he tamed the wild horse Bucephalus, a very big stallion with a furious demeanor. The horse became his battle companion for most of his life. He started ruling after his father, Philip II, at the age of twenty. He then went on to conquered 2,000,000 miles of land. He died in Babylon in 323 BC. After he died there was civil wars that tore his empire apart. He was undefeated in battle and is considered one of history’s most successful military commanders.Alexander the great lead his people to many victories. By winning so many battles he would make the people believe in him and never forget him. He was able to do this because he was very smart. He was able to win even when outnumbered because he used superior tactics. He was tutored by Aristotle until age 16. This gave him more insight than normal kids back then. Having a king for a father gave him a lot of opportunities.

At 16 when his dad went to battle the Byzantium’s he left him in charge of Macedonia. And When he took over after his father he inherited a strong kingdom and an experienced army. Alexander the great was awarded the generalship of Greece. He used this authority to launch his father’s pan-Hellenic project to lead the Greeks in the conquest of Persia. In 334 BC, he invaded the Persian Empire and began a series of campaigns that lasted ten years. Alexander broke the power of Persia in a set of decisive battles. One of the most important battles was Issus and Gaugamela where they were outnumbered but he outsmarted everyone and won. He overthrew Persian King Darius III and conquered the Achaemenid Empire. He then invaded India in 326 BC, winning an important victory over the Pauravas at the Battle of the Hydaspes. He had to turn back because his troops were very homesick. He won so many battles and made a great time for all his people. Alexander the great was able to get a lot of land after winning his battles. His empire stretched from Greece to northwestern India. He conquered from the persia, Adriatic Sea to the Indus River, Egypt and then invaded India in 326 BC.

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It was a important victory over the Pauravas at the Battle of the Hydaspes. Having so much land in his empire shows how great of a ruler he was. Even though he started with a strong army he was able to use his intelligence to go after all his enemies. He was able to make his army believe in what he was he was doing and they would fight and die for him. And they believed he would do the same for them. It was so important to him for the people to believe in him and trust him that he wanted to gain credibility with the Persians. He took on many Persian customs. He tried to dress like a Persian and tried the practice of prosky, it was a court custom that was bowing down and kissing the hand of others, depending on their rank Even though the Macedonians were not happy with the changes in Alexander and his attempt to be viewed as a deity. They refused to practice proskynesis and some tried to plan to kill him. Even though some did not approve of this, he would still be remembered for the lengths he went for the people. He is often ranked among the most influential people in history.

He was smart and adapted to do what needed to be done.Some would say that Alexander the great was blood thirsty. He is considered great because he conquered 2,000,000 miles of land. But in order to do this he had to take enemies close to him and enemies far out. And countless lives would be lost on both sides by his thirst for blood and land. According to, “Alexander’s Legacy, Chart,” the estimated amount of enemy soldiers and civilians killed in just 4 major battles was 100,000 men. He took over 70 cities total, and conquered about 2,000,000 miles of land for his empire. But in order to bring all these lands together and have one great ruler there would have to be war. And there was some who surrendered that were not killed. By thirty he had one of the largest empires in the ancient world. He wanted to bring all these places together and to do this there would have to be wars. He looked at the big picture not just what was happening that day and this is what made him the ruler he was.

He cared about his people and even his new people. Like when he tried to take on Persian customs. And if he was as bloodthirsty as people made him out to be he would have never let his men go home when they were tired and homesick. He wanted to reach the “ends of the world and the Great Outer Sea” and invaded India in 326 BC, winning an important victory over the Pauravas at the Battle of the Hydaspes but after that he turned back because his troops were so homesick. He spent most of his ruling years on a great strong military plan to go through Asia and northeast Africa, and he created one of the largest empires of the ancient world by the age of thirty, going from Greece to northwestern India. He was undefeated in battle and is widely considered one of history’s most successful military commanders. By being charismatic and ruthless, brilliant and power hungry, diplomatic and bloodthirsty, he made his men loyal. They would follow him anywhere and die for him. Most everyone believed in him and he will forever be remembered for all the qualities that a ruler needed back then.

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Alexander III of Macedon. (2019, Nov 02). Retrieved from