The Social Theories Behind Illegal Immigration

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Updated: Jun 06, 2023
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In the U.S., there approximately eleven million undocumented immigrants and more are to come. Illegal immigration has become a serious problem in the cause of many social, economic, security, and legal issues within the country. Although illegal immigrants have helped the economy, humbled, and developed the overall image of America, members of the House find that the U.S. should not allow anyone to enter the country illegally to be a “citizen” in the country. With this thought going around, Congress (Republicans) have been at stake to exile illegal citizens out of the county whilst breaking apart families.

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They find it best to remove the illegals in their favor with the direct intention for the immediate decision of deportation

In the film, it explains how the House Republican members have been taking more immigration-restrictions bills which happens to have two turning points. It had been revealed that the push for bipartisan immigration reform came after President Barack Obama’s re-election, yet no House Republicans wanted any parts of it. Efforts by Rep. Luis Gutiérrez, had a slow start since his own party found him to be uneasy during this time in the House. He made his own party nervous because of his loyalty being seen more for immigrants than his own fellow Democratic Party. One of his known remarks was “Always to put the immigrant community and the civil rights movement ahead of partisan politics”, giving immigrants high hope of reformation coming in their favor to overturn deportation.

Republicans, however, turned against immigration reform partly because the Democratic leadership and the White House believed that Republicans would adopt a more conservative law than the Senate. Rep. Luis Gutierrez was working behind the scenes with Republican congressional leaders and the White House to write a draft law that was not too rigid to undocumented migrants. Although Barack Obama was President, Republicans had no intention of working with him despite his endeavors to make inevitable changes during his term.

 Course Connections


Gomberg’s main idea was that Mexicans/Spanish people were willing to work labor without any contradictions for higher pay. They often labeled themselves as wetbacks, because their initiative motive is for remittances to send back home to their families who were often less fortunate. The most trusting member of the family was chosen from a hard decision, consequently with obstacles far ahead of them. If all were to fail and the deportations continued, most businesses would have a sharp decline in production since labor workers were the only ones willing to work for such a low wage. As sought, seeking the benefits of civil right legislation is what the Spanish communities’ next move should be to avoid deportation and keep the economies diplomacy stable.

 Hein de Haas

Haas found that the reasoning behind migration, initially could’ve been for better “conditions” or “opportunities”. Migration contemplates the push-pull factor, as well as the neoclassical theories that indicates that migrating itself, is only temporary unless one were to find development. Relationships between migration, social transformation and the wider process of development. “Rather than asking ‘why people migrate’ the more relevant question is therefore how processes such as imperialism, nation state formation, the industrial revolution, capitalist development, urbanization and globalization change migration patterns and migrants’ experiences.” Though there are geological opportunity gaps, migrants find no problem coming to the U.S. since it was built on welcoming those who were seeking for a new life, specifically political and religious freedoms.

Remittances, Structural demand and segmented labor

Most families who leave their country for another or sends a family member out, do it in relation of expenses. From coming from nothing and not having anything at all, they see it as a way of giving themselves up for work, to send money home to support their families who may not be as fortunate. Many Americans believe that having immigrants who are undocumented affects the U.S economy. Immigration has been a topic discussed over the course in related anthropological matters. Immigrants or Spanish citizens, besides the African American society, has put forth such an important impact on the structural demand and segmented labor. Without this community, the economy could face a shift or change in basic ways a market economy operates. The dynamic nature of this system could be altered since migrants are looked upon as systems, analyzed in terms of the structural relations among their elements.

International migration occurs from the domestic demand of modern industry. Immigrants are fully satisfied with filling in the occupation’s jobs and making no impact on status or reputation. In the primary sector of capital-based labor market division, labor-intensive secondary sector encourages migrations, because local workers may avoid lower wages and unemployment in the secondary sector.

 Neoclassical economics and new economics of labor migration

The Macro theory implies that most labor migrants come from poor capital to the poor, capitalized nations in the capital and war zone, while the opposite capital goes backwards, estimates high investment income in the poor countries within the market. The Micro theory is reasonable that potential immigrants estimate the cost and benefits of moving to alternative positions. According to the theory, they are relocated where they expect maximum returns over a period of time. Every migrant man’s capital can increase the probability of his employment in the destination of his expected home country and thereby affect the possibility of moving each person.

The new economy of migration theory goes to different points compared to neoclassical economics and is challenged with both the aforementioned micro and macro approaches.

According to this theory, the decision to emigrate is not performed by isolated individuals. This is the result of a collective decision to maximize revenue and jobs and minimize risks in the economy. In short, while immigration can be beneficial in some aspects, costs also includes social and emotional expenses.


While removing immigrants may seem to be the best choice by Republicans, seeing the cost and benefits of removing them may make them wary of their decision. Working together in Congress will make decisions easier in the future, and less problems to interfere with what is important within the country. To make matters mend, legalization is the easiest way to solve the deportation problem, but Republicans just won’t buy up with Obama. With his idea of reformation, it has four key components that will seem just as bad as deportation, but will still give immigrants the liability of staying in the United States with consequences. The proposal with strengthen the borders, come down on to companies who hires undocumented immigrants, hold them until they earn citizenship,

Legalization would allow these people to contribute to not only our economy, but it’ll increase workforce, make way for additional taxes, and investments. It also one of the easiest and utmost decisions to conceive in the eyes of Democrats, immigrants, and citizens who find no problem with them as well. Deportation takes up too much time and money, while the rest of the U.S. is in need of attention. The relevancy of putting too much attention on one problem will alter the rest of the country when it is already in desperate need of scrutiny.

Even if it were to seem difficult to achieve, members of Congress are capable enough to walk in the shoes of immigrants who have chosen to migrate to the U.S and understand what their reason were for coming just as there ancestors did. No one would simply just leave their home if it were perfect. There had to be deformities that led them to travel somewhere new for a place to call home, just as European, Chinese and African American ancestors. There was always a touch of irony when a citizen of the United States complained of immigration, yet never understood why a simple immigrant may have come to their country. Everyone seeks the same equality everywhere, and the US is just one minor place where you can find it.

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The Social Theories Behind Illegal Immigration. (2022, Jun 28). Retrieved from