Technological Advances Industrial

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The earth has an abundance of resources and wealth, enough to ensure the basic living standards be met for every human sadly that isn’t the case. Underdeveloped countries, often the poorest and most poverty prone, are restricted by things such as government corruption, war or conflicts with neighboring countries, colonialism, and exploitation of people and natural resources. Half of the world’s population, lives under $2.50 dollars a day and 80% of the population lives under $10 a day.

According to figure 1 below, extreme poverty is most prominent in Africa and Asia. This is because these regions have high populations along with a history of the leading causes listed above. Child labor Unsurprisingly, poverty is the main cause of child labor. Children in poverty stricken countries, mainly seen in Africa and Asia, are forced to work dangerous conditions factories, on farms, mines, in addition to being forced to beg, work as household servants, and sold into sexual exploitation. Children enter labor markets in attempts to make money for their poor families and this unfortunately advances the cycle. Poor families will have many children because they are seen as a source of, though limited, income. Not only are underaged workers forcibly exposed to harsh unregulated and often inhumane practices but they are hindered from going to school. Not having adequate education will reduce the chance an individual has for breaking out of poverty.

Green Revolution

During the 20th century there was an explosion of agricultural production due to the advancements of technology and research. Norman Borlaug, also referred to as the Father of the Green Revolution sparked the single largest explosion in food production history. In 1970 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his revolutionary research at the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center in Mexico during 1943. He successfully bred high-yielding and disease resistant varieties of wheat which, at the time, helped avoid widespread famine in addition the breakthrough has continued to feed billions of people since.

As seen in figure 2 (DeCarbonnel , Eric. “India’s Bleak Future.” Market Skeptics, 3 May 2010, ) , the population globally increased greatly, especially in China and India, from 1943 onwards due to a greater understanding of grain production. Figure depicts population from major regions between year 1500-2000, showing the effects of agricultural development on populations.

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Technological Advances Industrial. (2021, Apr 02). Retrieved from

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