Mental Disorders: Importance and Challenges Compared to Disease Burden
How it works
Mental health conditions serve as crucial problems for most adolescents in the United States and other parts of the world. When it comes to the reduction of mental health conditions among adolescents, it is essential to focus on the establishment of counseling centers that focus on the well-being of adolescents. The centers will focus on providing counseling services to adolescents. The counseling centers also identify the reasons why adolescents are suffering from mental health conditions. Some conditions are either caused by depression, adverse social issues, or substance abuse. Adolescents may live in unstable environments that may facilitate their adverse mental health conditions (Naylor, Taggart, & Charles, 2017). The establishment of a counseling and rehabilitation center serves as the right platform to ensure the identification of problems that affect adolescents as per their mental health. Adolescents need to live in a stable family and social environments for them to keep positive mental health in their lives.
Cost-effective Measures in Preventing HIV Virus transmission
?Sub-Saharan Africa has, for an extended period, depended on donor funding to prevent the further spread of HIV. This is because of the high poverty rates in Sub-Saharan Africa. Concerning the above, it would be crucial to ensure that education and capacity building becomes essential factor in controlling the spread of HIV in the country. Education focuses on the causes of HIV, diagnosis, and managing the conditions associated with it. It also looks into preventive measures such as the use of contraceptives such as condoms to prevent the spread of the condition. When it comes to South Asia, the virus is not as prevalent as it is in Sub-Saharan Africa. In the above case, it would mean introducing contraceptives to prevent the condition. This is because the disorder is not as rampant as it is in Sub-Saharan Africa. It is essential to develop a vaccine for the disorder as it would prevent the virus from spreading and also strengthen the immune of those who have it. It would also control the spread of the disorder.
How it works
Mental Disorders Importance compared to Disease Burden
?Development and positive progress of society depend entirely on positive mental health among citizens. All developments will halt if everyone becomes unstable in mind. On the other hand, diseases are manageable from their onset to recovery. Mental disorders are tough to handle. They require a significant investment in terms of resources and time. Anyone who goes through diagnosis and therapy with additional counseling may be different, even after achieving full recovery. Therefore, it would be difficult for mental treatment to take away the symptoms and outcomes associated with mental disorders compared to diseases (Emerson, Morrell, & Neece, 2016). The importance of dealing with mental disorders over the burden of diseases is because of the enormous magnitude of mental disorders on the psychological functioning of individuals. Despite receiving the right assistance in dealing with the associated symptoms, it would be hard for one to become fully functional.
Lessons from Uganda’s Approach to Mental Health Concerns
?Uganda’s mental health framework has many positive reforms included in its implementation. It consists of a decentralized and integrated system comprising mental health services that are combined through the Primary Health Care (PHC) system. The healthcare system is essential in terms of dealing with disorders. Other countries have to focus on funding their healthcare systems for them to provide amicable and adequate treatment for mental disorders. Uganda’s system lacks funding, a significant barrier to its development. Lack of enough funds ensures that a program does not become outdated and offensive. Most of the developing nations have failed to have quality mental health frameworks because they are underfunded by their governments. Governments tend to invest 1% of their general health expenditure on mental health, which leaves the population of mentally ill individuals without any services. Other developing nations should provide enough human resources and financial resources to the mental health sector.
Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Health Care
?Primary care refers to the initial medical consultation point. Primary care physicians are in charge of the services. Primary care provides patients with emergency services and in-patient and out-patient services for the well-being of the patients. Secondary care involves a lack of contact with patients. Secondary care is more specialized in terms of the services it provides. One may acquire heart surgery services. Patients also have the opportunity of receiving acute care. Medical imaging and child-birth attendance are also other services involved in secondary care. Tertiary care involves a higher care level in health facilities. High-specialized treatment, in this case, is the main focus of tertiary care. Cardiac surgery, management/treatment of cancer, and plastic surgery.
Healthcare Systems in Germany, the United States, and the United Kingdoms
?In Great Britain (The United Kingdom), government agencies have an open policy of interacting with hospitals and health organizations. The above stakeholders have the opportunity to bargain with government agencies directly. In Germany, the healthcare sector operates with a framework comprising public rules. Sickness-fund physicians’ associations and health facilities negotiate with sickness funds. The US medical sector has a more lucrative and entrepreneurial status (Duarte, Goodson, & Dougherty, 2014). The sector possesses a collective negotiation with different payers in public. The healthcare sector had a bifurcated and evolved payer of the pattern.