Lifestyle Behaviors and Personal Responsibility to Health
Health promotion or rather social determinates of health begins within our homes, schools, workplaces, neighborhoods, and/or communities (Healthy People 2020, 2018). It has been proven in numerous research studies if individuals regularly took care of themselves by eating well, made healthy food choices, stayed physically active, did not smoke or do drugs, maintained regular doctors’ appointments for physicals/screenings for preventive care would drastically improve the current epidemic of chronic diseases and obesity that currently plagues the United States (Healthy People 2020, 2018). As time quickly approaches, there will be 76 million people over the age of 75 years or older begin to reach retirement age. It has already been determined that this population demographic “there will be an abundance of people who are diagnosed with hypertension, high cholesterol, diabetes and obesity compared to previous generations before them” (Barr, 2014).
In order to manage and reduce the finical burden may healthcare organizations/systems are getting ready to face has led to the development of the macro trend of preventative care access and care coordination movement. Healthcare systems across the nation are implementing these care coordination models to better manage this fast-growing demographic with chronic illnesses and to reduce the projected financial burden that will result from this demographic group. Preventative care service model provides early detection of diseases and illnesses, manages existing chronic and acute conditions, and improve the overall quality of life by preventing health compilations before they occur with health education, lifestyle behavior change, medication management, self-management coaching, nutrition, and physical activity. According to the Center of Disease control, “Nationally, Americans who use preventive services is only at half the recommended rate” (CDC, 2017).
A Care Coordinator is responsible for managing and identifying and individual health goals who suffer from chronic health conditions/illnesses by managing their medications, assist with coordinating doctors/specialist appointment, coordination of transportation and keeping the interdisciplinary team abreast with patient assessments, current interventions, and treatment plan (AHRQ, 2015). Care coordinators bridge the gap of disjointed care between primary care physicians and specialty physicians. Care coordination organizes patient care actives and sharing information among all stakeholders that are providing patient care; this ensures patient safety as well as more effective and efficient care. Often specialty physicians are not clear on the reason for the referral or they have been provided inadequate information on a test that has already be complete; this break in communication among providers is just as poor from specialist back to the referring provider (AHRQ, 2015).
Career Opportunities in 2025 Community Health Director works for a community organization. “They develop and plan community health programs that promote health, safety, and well-being; these professionals require knowledge of health policies and practices, managerial skills, and leadership experience” (Study, 2018). Preventative Care Coordinators and Care Coordinators work closely with patients on a one-on-one basis providing guidance, support, and advice to patients dealing with complex/chronic medical issues (Study, 2018). In addition, these professionals assist patents/family’s in navigating through the web of medical doctors/specialist, and treatments. Duties can include scheduling appointments, assisting with major decisions, helping patients understand complex medical information, evaluating care quality, and working with other healthcare professionals to ensure that the correct path is being taken (Study, 2018).