Growing up one common piece of advice kids get is, stay in school and get good grades. There is a lot of benefits of working hard in school, this is the advice people are giving them is beneficial on many levels. Kids who stay in school and getting good grades can lead to going to college, possibly getting a good job, and in a sense, live “The American dream”.Getting good grades is not easy, but it can be done. Growing up in the public school one can take quality classes for general education. Whereas those who are private schooled can get quality classes as well as quality teachers. Then there are homeschoolers, they can choose the classes they want to take and work at their own pace. Regardless of how a student is schooled, they can get a quality education by studying and working hard. Students who get grades above a three point five GPA have a good chance getting into a college of their choice. Students have to overcome the struggles of being a youth to achieve this goal.After a student graduates high school with a good GPA they can get into a good college. If they are accepted they can devote their time and energy into being a full time student. This is not an easy task, but it can be done. Taking notes and turning their assignments on time is a good way to achieve academic success. College students also have to avoid destructive tendencies that were not as prevalent in their youth. Some students, when they move away from their parents, are very self-destructive in their actions. Having freedom to do what they please they tend to hurt themselves through breaking the law and partying. However, if they work hard and they are diligent with their work, and they keep their head on straight they can succeed as they move into the workfield.Being in a good working working job can be a result of a degree, and can affect the amount of income you get according to your degree.
There is an interesting theory of structural functionalism. One of the central claims that structural functionalists use is the Davis Moore Thesis. The thesis argues that stratification has positive impacts for the operation of society, it propels individuals to work hard and guarantees that key statuses are only taken up by exceptionally competent individuals. There are a couple of functions that would apply in relation to stratification. The main one would probably be the obvious assumption that without inequality those who are not that wealthy would not strive for more success, therefore stratification encourages those at the bottom of society to work harder to move up the chain of society. This perspective may look good in theory but unfortunately there are many flaws to functionalist perspective. A dysfunction associated with functionalist perspective is that those who work harder than others doesn’t necessarily mean that they will be better rewarded in society. For example, you can have individuals who are not capable of having key statuses in society, but for the simple reason that they were born in an elite family almost certainly assures them a good life. Another very important factor that results in a dysfunction is gender and race. Ferris & Stein expresses that a functionalist would argue that “women are naturally more nurturing and thus make better nurses and teachers of young children. Men are naturally more logical and thus make better lawyers and computer programmers”. But it is obvious that gender inequality is still a major issue. Gendered occupations have extensive ramifications for instance doctors frequently earned at least four-fold the amount of a nurse, so when women make up 90% of all nurses yet just 30% all physicians and surgeons. Also, by seeing this situation in a social context you will realize that some individuals have more obstacles than others. For some individuals their hard work is not always payed off because of where they live, therefore where you are placed in society effects your social experience.
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