Ebola Research Paper
How it works
Ebola is a rare and deadly disease that harvests in people and in-non human primates. Ebola is classified as a virus as it needs a host to survive.
Ebola was first discovered in 1976 near the Ebola River in what is now Democratic Republic of Congo. Since then the virus has been infecting people from time to time and causing outbreaks in several african countries. There were 2 major outbreaks of Ebola. The first epidemic happened in 2014 and ended in 2016 and the second Ebola outbreak happened in 2017. A specific species of Ebola called Zaire Ebolavirus that was responsible for 2014-2016 outbreak is the most dangerous type of Ebola. In between 2014-2016 in West Africa there was at least 28,600 cases of people who contracted Ebola. Around the same time there was some other outbreaks that each reported around 100 cases in the Democratic Republic of Congo and gabon.
How it works
Ebola spreads through direct contact with infected animals/humans, or a corpse that has the virus. Direct contact with dead infected people is the main factor to why outbreaks become so numerous. In West Africa and in that region it is their customs to bury the dead person with their hands getting them infected continuing an endless cycle of death. Ebola can also be spread through contact with bodily fluids of an infected animal/human. Ebola is most dangerous when being in blood, faeces and vomit.
So far there is no confirmed way to acquire permanent immunity but you can acquire temporary immunity if you’ve survived ebola. Temporary immunity only works for the strain of ebola that you caught before. It is also not known how long your temporary immunity will last.
The cells of ebola are in fact very tiny worms that attach themselves to the surface of your cells then invades them, replicates into more than causes the cell to explode sending infectious particles flying everywhere. Ebola attacks your body very aggressively. Ebola spreads throughout the body then attacks almost every organ and tissue. A particle explosion occurs when the ebola cell invades a human cell.That then causes an inflammatory reaction which is why there are flu like symptoms once you’ve contracted ebola. This stage means blood clots will get so extreme that you bleed out of your skin and openings such as your eyes, ears, and anus.
The loss of blood will cause the organs to fail making them so deadly.
Ebola attacks your immune system very similarly to aids but ebola attacks it far more aggressively. During the crisis point your immune system crashes and attacks all organs.
A new cure for people who are likely to be infected ( people in outbreak zones like the DRC) has been developed that’s recommended for use if you fall under this category. The vaccination is called “”Ring Vaccination. Ring Vaccination hasn’t been approved but it is still very successful. Ring vaccination has been very effective in the control of
Ebola but a vaccination for ordinary people has been yet to be developed.
There are no real ways to prevent Ebola but to try to avoid an outbreak area. Say you were in an outbreak area with infected people and the bodies of people who were infected Avoid contact with animals as they may have the infection and make sure to wash your hands and body in general often. Currently there is no cure for ebola but scientists and researchers are working on it. Treatment includes injecting a serum into the infected body which destroys some the infected cells as it is still a work in progress.
Doctors have found a way to manage to a certain extent the symptoms of Ebola. They do this by mixing certain fluids with electrolytes.
The most common areas with Ebola are in Africa more specifically the DRC because the disease was first brought in by bats and primates which are common in Africa. In reality there is no real way to prevent Ebola because scientists have yet to discover a vaccine or a treatment for it. The only real way to prevent Ebola is to avoid outbreak zones and countries in general. The World Health Organisation need to focus more on Ebola and constructing a solid vaccine/way to treat Ebola.