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Asthma is known to be a chronic disease of the airways that makes breathing difficult for humans. Asthma causes swelling of the airways. Also, this results in the airways that carry the air from the nose and mouth to the lungs to become narrow and causing the individual to have trouble breathing. Although there is no cure for Asthma, it can be maintained with the proper treatment. It is stated in statistics that one out of thirteen people is diagnosed with Asthma and 8.3 percent of adults and children have Asthma. Asthma is more common in adult women than adult men. In the midst of performing my own research for quite some time, it has been detected that after adolescence, Asthma is more typical in ladies than men. This is due to the differences of the airway hyperactivity and sex hormones in men and women. Although, more studies are needed to consider an exact cause between the two genders.
In addition, in order to fully grasp this information the reader must first understand the level of organizations. The levels of organizations are atoms, molecular, cellular, tissues, organs, organ system, and organisms. First, there is atoms. Atoms are the smallest subatomic particles of any element such as protons, electrons, and neurons. Secondly, two or more atoms come together to form a molecule; Molecules are the building blocks for the body structure. Molecules are also combinations of atoms. The atoms in molecules are held together by covalent bonds. Thirdly, cells are the smallest units of living organisms on planet earth. Fourthly, there are tissues, tissues are then created by connecting with cells that have the same structure and functions. The fifth level of organization is organs, the organs are a group of tissues forming together to work as a unit. The sixth level of organization is an organ system where a group of organs work together for a common goal or function. For example, the circulatory system is where the heart is located and helps pump blood throughout the body. Lastly, there is the organism where all other levels come together to form a living organism whether it is an animal, plant, or human being. However, the focus will be on a human being having asthma.
How it works
Furthermore, as far as the structure, the lungs are two large, soft organs with a spongy consistency that are filled with air located in the Thorax. The lungs surround the Heart since the Heart is getting unoxygenated blood from the body and the next place it needs to travel is to the lungs to get more oxygen. At that point, it returns to the heart to be pumped to whatever remains of the body, because they have to cooperate and be adjacent. The ribs are attached to the vertebrae and sternum by cartilage to form a firm but yet flexible cage for the chest capacity. The lungs and different substances of the chest are isolated from the contents of the midsection by a solid arch molded muscle, the diaphragm. The diaphragm moves down when the human inhales and climbs when a human exhales. Amid typical breathing, the lungs additionally change shape, growing as a person inhales and contracting when exhaling.
The function of the lungs is to supply oxygen to the blood and to remove carbon dioxide from the blood. Air enters the body starting through the nose and mouth and navigates down to the trachea and makes its’ way to the bronchi and bronchioles. The smaller airways are microscopic in size and end in clusters of tiny air sacs called Alveoli. In this case, during inhalation, the lung will fill with air containing oxygen which can then enrich the blood. Although, during exhalation carbon dioxide, a waste product of metabolism travels from the blood to the Alveoli which has been removed from the blood is exhaled by the lungs. The lungs are covered by a thin tissue layer called the pleura. A similar sort of thin tissue aligns within the chest cavity also called pleura. The layer of fluid aids in lubricating the lungs enabling the lungs to slip easily as they extend and contract with every breath.
Next, there is homeostasis, this process happens in the majority of the major organ frameworks. Homeostasis refers to the capacity of a living being or condition to keep up strength regardless of changes. The emphasis will be on homeostasis of the lungs. The two most important processes of maintaining homeostasis in the respiratory system are maintaining pH and regulating gas exchange. Both of these functions are related to the biochemical roles played by the two primary gases, Carbon dioxide, and oxygen. Oxygen is what enters the body as a component of the air humans breathe which is then processed by the lungs. Carbon dioxide is produced as a by product of cellular metabolism; It travels through the blood and is then exhaled. The body needs food to eat and air to breathe in order for the body to function properly. The major response that empowers cell life changes glucose and oxygen into carbon dioxide, water, and vitality. This is the reason why the supply of oxygen in the blood is a vital aspect in homeostasis, with inadequate oxygen cells will not be able to make energy. Carbon dioxide should likewise be deliberately overseen with the goal that this waste item does not gather to dangerous levels. By breathing in and breathing out, the respiratory framework can take in oxygen and discharge carbon dioxide, and in this manner, it assumes a prevailing job in the homeostatic gas trade.
One system the body uses to control blood pH includes the arrival of carbon dioxide from the lungs. Carbon dioxide, which is somewhat acidic, is a waste result of the preparing of oxygen and supplements, and in that capacity, is continually created by cells. At that point it goes from the cells into the blood. The blood conveys carbon dioxide to the lungs, where it is breathed out. As carbon dioxide collects in the blood, the pH of the blood diminishes. The mind manages the measure of carbon dioxide that is breathed out by controlling the speed and profundity of breathing. The measure of carbon dioxide breathed out, and thusly the pH of the blood, increments as breathing turns out to be quicker and more profound. By altering the speed and profundity of breathing, the cerebrum and lungs can control the blood pH step by step.
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