Schizophrenia and Types of Treatment

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Updated: Aug 31, 2023
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Schizophrenia is defined as a type of mental illness that tends to lead to strange thoughts and behaviors. It is an unpredictable, long-haul medical condition, affecting approximately 1% of Americans. The term “schizophrenia” was coined by Paul Eugen Bleuler, a Swiss psychiatrist. The prefix “schizo” means split, and “phren” means mind. He created this term to describe the fragmentation of the mind and emotions characteristic of the disease. Although schizophrenia can occur at any age, the average age of onset is generally in the late teens to mid-20s for men and the late 20s to mid-30s for women. It is quite rare for schizophrenia to be diagnosed in a person younger than 12 or older than 40. In fact, while it is possible to live well with schizophrenia, it often involves managing many additional mental problems.

You might be wondering how schizophrenia is diagnosed. There isn’t a specific lab test that can definitively confirm someone has schizophrenia. To suspect someone might be living with schizophrenia, they must have at least two of the disease’s symptoms. These could include seeing things that aren’t there or losing the ability to speak coherently. The diagnostic process can be lengthy. To diagnose schizophrenia, other mental disorders that might be the root cause of the changes in behavior must first be ruled out. If no medical cause can be found, a psychotic illness such as schizophrenia might be considered. The diagnosis will typically be made by a licensed mental health professional, such as a psychiatrist, who can evaluate the patient and thoroughly handle various behaviors that may appear alike at first examination. The specialist will assess someone suspected of having schizophrenia either in an office or an emergency room setting. The main goal is to ensure the patient doesn’t have any medical problems. Certain neurological disorders, like epilepsy, brain tumors, encephalitis, and autoimmune conditions affecting the central nervous system, can sometimes produce symptoms resembling schizophrenia. The professional then takes the patient’s history and performs a physical examination. Brain imaging procedures, such as computed tomography scans or magnetic resonance imaging of the brain, are conducted. Physical findings can correspond to the symptoms associated with schizophrenia or to the medications the individual may be taking. Psychological testing can also help explore the symptoms of schizophrenia. These tests might include cognitive testing, personality testing, and open-ended or projective testing, such as the Rorschach test.

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There are a few symptoms that can stick out in one who may have schizophrenia. The main symptom of this illness would definitely have to be the fact that people begin to hallucinate. Hallucinations are when a person thinks they are hearing voices, seeing objects or things that aren’t there, and even smelling things that others cannot quite smell. This may be weird for family members or loved ones of the person who has these symptoms. This is due to the obvious fact that the loved ones will not be able to vision what the hallucinatory is visioning. It may seem kind of scary if you ask me. These hallucinations can be bad because they can become life threatening without others knowing. About 70% of people with schizophrenia will experience these hallucinations. Another symptom could be delusions. Delusions are false convictions that don’t change notwithstanding when the individual who holds them is given new thoughts or certainties. Individuals who have delusions regularly likewise have issues concentrating, confounded reasoning, or the feeling that their musings are blocked. A few of these symptoms do sounds like some normal problems people are dealing with nationally on the daily, so a Professional is surely going to have to actually study a person’s habits to distinguish the difference. Another thing that gives away hints of schizophrenia is negative symptoms. These symptoms are known to slowly deteriorate a person’s physical abilities. This hurts people emotionally. The person may become very blah, and start to become distant from others who the person is usually not distant towards. If you were to start feeling these types of pains, the emotional pains, you may be heading towards an unhappy place. People with these traits also tend to give off a vibe that doesn’t seem too pleasant. These people may think different about their life. They become unable to hold conversations with people, and also become unable to keep friendly relationships with people.

Schizophrenia doesn’t necessarily have causes, but there are a few things that can increase the chance of this. One of the big things that increases the risk of growing into schizophrenia is someone’s genetics. A person could have the mental disease passed down through his family tree, and one would never know. Schizophrenia will in general keep running in families, yet no single gene is believed to be mindful. There is a very diverse mix of genes that are the makeup of individuals, and they tend to make us more defenseless against the condition. In any case, having these genes doesn’t really mean you’ll create schizophrenia. Proof that the turmoil is incompletely acquired originates from investigations of twins. Indistinguishable twins share similar genes. In indistinguishable twins, there is a very low chance that only one twin creates schizophrenia, and the other twin will have a one of every two shot of creating it, as well. This is going to be a true thing regardless of whether they’re raised independently or not. In non-indistinguishable twins, who have diverse genetic make-ups, when one twin creates schizophrenia, the other just has a one of every seven shot of building up the condition. That is very unfortunate for both of these offspring. Surprisingly enough, the environment actually has a factor. The environment opens up the ability to obtain a plethora of different viruses. These viruses can get into someone’s immune system and mess with their bodies. Neurotransmitters are a way of opening up the mind, because they are what allows the cells in the brain to communicate with one another. Some studies have come to conclusion that taking psychotropic medicine throughout your younger years and adulthood will increase the danger of obtaining the schizophrenic disorder. A growing body of proof indicates that smoking marijuana will increase the danger of psychotic incidents and also the risk of current psychotic experiences. The younger and a lot of frequent the employment, the bigger the danger. Another study has found that smoking marijuana led to earlier onset of schizophrenic disorder and sometimes preceded the manifestation of the health problem. One drug that is taken to try and feel hallucinations on purpose, is LSD. LSD is the most well-known stimulants that modify attention to discernment, considerations and emotions. It is a standout amongst the most incredible mind-set evolving synthetic substances. It is produced using acid, which is found in ergot, a fungus that develops on rye and different grains.

Is there any type of treatment for Schizophrenia? There is in reality some methods for treatment that can help back off this psychological maladjustment. Therapy and mental treatment have reemerged as valuable assistants to medicine and have turned into the focal point of the most elevated standard of consideration for schizophrenic people. Gestalt therapy specifically is in a situation to make real commitments to the treatment of this gathering of patients. The emphasis on experience, contact, and field cooperation’s makes gestalt therapy an as of now exceedingly refined device to enable schizophrenic people to explore through their challenges with feelings and observations that make it an alarming issue.

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Schizophrenia and Types of Treatment. (2019, Feb 23). Retrieved from