Nursing Paradigms

Question 1

Nursing paradigms comprise a group of assumptions and principles that serve as a basis for the development of a theory. According to Bahramnezhad, Shiri, Asgari, and Afshar (2015), a paradigm makes research more systematic and bring a specific purpose into focus in an attempt to answer certain questions. In my opinion, it is important to address human needs, interactive, and unitary process in a theory. According to Masters (2017), a theory comprises several paradigms whose concepts and propositions have been linked with a greater level of specificity. As such, it is possible to link the abovementioned nursing paradigms to create a theory that reduces the level of abstraction and brings out a sense of specificity in the propositions made on a particular issue. Nevertheless, a theory can be more than these three nursing paradigms as long as the other nursing paradigms added to the theory converge on specific questions, observations, and even propositions.

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Question 2

The human needs paradigm considers a person more as a biopsychosocial being. As a result, the paradigm centres on taking care of the needs of the individual. In contrast, the interactive process paradigm considers people as holistic beings capable of interacting and adapting according to situations in their immediate environment (McEwen & Wills, 2011). As such, this nursing paradigm acknowledges that humans interact in a perpetual manner with the environments in which they live.

Finally, the unitary process paradigm is based on the premise that humans operate more as unitary beings (McEwen & Wills, 2011). In addition, the paradigm considers humans as beings that have the capacity to self-evolve and, at the same time, self-regulate. The unitary process paradigm also considers humans as energy fields that interact in a persistent manner with the universal energy field (McEwen & Wills, 2011). The nursing paradigm that best suits my current philosophy of nursing is the interactive paradigm because I view people as holistic beings who interact with various elements in their environment.


Bahramnezhad, F., Shiri, M., Asgari, P., & Afshar, P.F. (2015). A review of the nursing paradigm. Open Journal of Nursing, 5, 17-23.

Masters, K. (2017). Role development in professional nursing practice. Burlington, MA: Jones &Bartlett Learning. McEwen, M. & Wills, E. M. (2011). The theoretical basis for nursing. Philadelphia PA: Wolters Kluwer Health/ Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Top of FormBottom of Form

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