Importance of the Proper Child Care
“There is a significant difference in child outcome when it comes to kindship care verse foster care. The most common issue that result in children being removed from the care of their parents are child abuse and neglect. The children placed with other family members or foster families. Traditionally, people in the community where recruited and chosen by social workers to foster children who were removed from their parents (Cochrane-Winokur 2014). Usually these people were not relatives and did not know the child before placement. The traditional way is no longer seen as the best option for children. Now researchers believe placing the child with family members or friends of the family have a more positive impact and reduce trauma (Cochrane-Winokur 2014). Children in kinship care do better than children in foster care when it comes to their behavior, mental health, and placement stability. Children in foster care placements are at a higher risk of re-entry in to foster care and placement disruption meaning moved to different foster homes over a period of time (Cochrane-Winokur 2014).
Kinship care can be defined as full?time nurturing and protection of children by relatives or close family friends, who must be separated from their parents. Kinship care is implemented around the world but called different names. In the United Kingdom it is referred to as family and friends care and kith and kin care in Australia. There are several variations of kinship care, including formal, informal, and private placements. In formal kinship care, child welfare agency has custody of the child but there is a legal arrangement between the agency and the relatives. Informal kinship care is when a child welfare agency assists in the placement of a child but does not have custody. In private kinship care, the birth parents and family members decide the living arrangement without the involvement of a child welfare agency(Cochrane-Winokur 2014).
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There are many benefits for children placed in kinship care. It allows children to live with people they know and trust, reduces the trauma children may experience from being placed in a home with strangers, and it helps build children’s sense of identity and self esteem by continuing to be around family traditions and culture(Cochrane-Winokur 2014). The primary goal of kinship care placement is to keep the children close to their family, in which the overall goal is reunite with birth parents. Kinship care is considered to be a long?term arrangement when reuniting children with their parents is not possible or the goal is adoption or guardianship by relative caregiver(Bell 2017). Kinship care is also considered to be the and safest placements for children.
Over the years there has been a dramatic rise in kinship care placements. It is now more common for child welfare agencies to first attempt to find a safe living arrangements with relatives or people who know the child before searching for alternatives (Cochrane-Winokur 2014). Based on studies conducted, children in kinship care experience a better chance of having a permanent home which is lowering the rate of reentry. This gives the child placement stability in comparison to children living with foster families (Bell 2017). Children in kinship care do tend to have lower rates of adoption and reunification.
One of the main reasons for the growth of kinship placement option is due to the overflow of abused and neglected children, concern about poor outcomes for children leaving care, and a shortage in foster care homes. There has been a change in policy toward relatives as appropriate caregivers with all of the legal rights and responsibilities of foster parents (Bell 2017). Foster care is a legal risk placement. The foster care system was designed to take children who need a temporary home and place them in the care of a family who could meet their daily needs. The amount for time a child spends foster care varies(Cochrane-Winokur 2014). Some children stay in the system a few months, while others stay for years. After a while some of the children are able to be adopted. This happened when the rights of parents have been voluntarily or involuntarily relinquished. The goal is for children to be reunited with their parents and not to be in the system a long time.
Child protective services goal for foster care and kinship care is to reunite with parents. Placing a child in the care of nonrelative families creates a risk for those who are interested in foster adoption. It may also be harder for foster parents to let go of a child after caring for him or her into their home (Bell 2017). The reason children end up in foster care is related to abuse, neglect, or lack of safety. A result of foster care and kinship care is usually some type of trauma (Bell 2017). The trauma the child suffers from commonly comes out through negative behaviors. This trauma can be worse if the child is placed in the home of someone they do not know (Perry 2018). The child my need emotional or psychological support to help them work through the hard time (Perry 2018).
The child’s behavior may be affected by both the trauma experienced in the home and the lack of stability from having to move from their home (Perry 2018). Being taken away from their parents is a significant adjustment for the child and for the person caring for them. The child needs to be in a environment where they can heal, feel safe, and loved (Bell 2017). Children will be more comfortable and feel safe with the right relative caring for them. Kindship care also helps keep siblings together during the transition (Perry 2018). In traditional foster care, sometimes the siblings are not always kept together. This is true for adoption as well. At time foster families may not take a group of siblings because they don’t have room in their home. When children are placed with relatives and are separated they are more likely to connect with their siblings on a regular bases (Bell 2017).
The older the child of the more trauma they may have experienced in their home. Foster parents means often deal with older children having issues such as drug abuse, mental health issues, and anger management. Child protective service can provide resources to assist with healing the trauma (Perry 2018). Moving from different homes can cause children to be vulnerable and uncertain of their future. The biological parents have issues of their own that they need to fix and it could take a long time (Wu 2015). Sometimes children will return to their home to live with their parents and later reenter into foster care again. This instability can create problems for children who really need routine and a stable environment (Perry 2018). Places a child in foster care puts them at risk of being moved from house to house with strangers and not being given the opportunity to build relationships and feel loved.
For a child to build bonds and attachments with strangers will take some time. Children need a loving and stable family that continuously provides a security and a loving environment that meets all the child’s needs (Perry 2018). When a child
is placed with a relative a lot of time they already have an attachment to that person. With traditional foster care many times children go from one household to another for different reasons. The instability in their living environment creates more trauma (Perry 2018). If a child is not given a secure and loving home environment there may be issues with developing attachment to others. This can have a long term impact on the child’s behavior and ability to form new relationships (Perry 2018). Healing is possible if a child is given a secure and loving family.
While the child is in foster care the biological parents can usually visit. These visits are more likely to happen easily when the child is in kinship care (Wu 2015),. The purpose of these visits are to keep a relationship between biological parents and children while they’re in the care of someone else. Parents prefer their children to be in the care of relatives (Perry 2018). Sometimes the parents take their anger and frustration out on foster parents. This can lead to problems with both families as and makes it hard to have visitation and work on relational issues (Perry 2018). Children often desire to have contact with biological family, and there can be long-term benefits to having ongoing contact.
There is strong research based evidence that children in kinship care have less behavior problems and less mental health problems than children in foster care (Cochrane-Winokur 2014). Kinship care can lead to more stable placement and reduces the likelihood of re-entry and fewer change in caregiver, than non-kinship foster care (Cochrane-Winokur 2014). Children age 6 or older in kinship care are less likely to have behavioral problems than children in foster care (Wu 2015). The risk for developmental delays in infants in kinship care is lower than those in foster care (Cochrane-Winokur 2014).Research has shown that African American children have less behavior problems when they are in kinship care of relatives who are younger or healthier in comparison to those who live with older or less healthy caregivers (Rufa 2016). Laws that have been created for kinship care have led to a larger number of kinship placements and stability of placement and of child safety(Rufa 2016).
There is a greater chance for children in kinship care to reunite with their parents as children in foster care (Cochrane-Winokur 2014). Children in unlicensed kinship care are more likely to reunite with their parents than children in licensed kinship care (Ryan 2016). There are fewer adoptions and more guardianships in kinship care than non-kinship foster care (Cochrane-Winokur 2014). Kinship caregivers are less likely to use mental health services for foster children than non-kin foster parents due to having better relationships with the children and not always needing to use certain resources (Cochrane-Winokur 2014).
Through research, it has been suggests that kinship caregivers are more committed to a child than foster caregivers. Many children are moved from home to home because of their behavior issues due to trauma. Kinship caregivers feel closer to these children and are more likely to keep the child in their care despite behavioral problems and other issues (Wu 2015). Caseworkers usually seek care for the children from their grandparents because the placement is typically permanent (Wu 2015). Kinship caregivers should seek financial and service support to increase the quality and permanency of the child’s home environment. (Rufa 2016).
Academics are effected by foster care placement. Due to frequent change in placement children in foster care experience more school absenses and frequent school changes. This is more common among younger children. This instability in school may contribute to high rates of school failure and later result in the child dropping out later in high school. Kinship care is more stable and permanent solution. Child tend to improve academically when in the care of relatives which is likely due to them caring more about the child’s overall outcome. However, the relationship of foster care experience to absenteeism and school change has not been well studied. One of the largest threats to the wellbeing of children in foster care as they transition toward adulthood is the high risk of poor educational outcomes. Studies among foster care children show higher levels of grade retention, suspensions, absenteeism, and lower standardized test scores. Undermining attempts to stabilize children in school, frequent placement changes pose a major challenge for child welfare systems responding to the new educational requirements of Fostering Connections. Prior data reveal a high level of placement instability for many children in foster care.”
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Importance of the Proper Child Care. (2021, Apr 02). Retrieved from https://papersowl.com/examples/importance-of-the-proper-child-care/
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