History, Methods and Side Effects of Abortion after Case Roe V Wade

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Updated: Nov 25, 2022
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Abortion has been around for many years. It was only 43 years ago when it was made legal. Abortion is where an unborn child is removed from the mother’s uterus in a way that kills the child. People take man sides when it comes to this touchy subject. Many believe that it is wrong and cruel while others believe that it is humane. I will talk about the history of abortion, the methods of abortion, and the side effects abortion can have.

Before abortion became legal, it was practiced illegally. The only way that an abortion would be legal is if the mother’s life was in danger and killing the child was the only way to save the mother. If a mother wanted to have an abortion done illegally, she was dependent on everything around her. It depended on if she was rich or poor, for if she was rich, she could “leave the country or find a physician who would perform the procedure for a high fee.” (History of Abortion in the U.S.) If a mother was poor, then she would either find a person of questionable means to perform the surgery, endangering her own life, or perform the abortion herself. Poor women usually turned to “dangerous self-abortions, such as inserting knitting needles or coat hangers into the vagina and uterus, douching with dangerous solutions such as lye, or swallowing strong drugs or chemicals.” In doing so, they could cause infections in their body and create a higher risk of death for the mother. In 1973, on January 22, the U.S. Supreme Court “struck down all existing criminal abortion laws in the landmark Roe v. Wade decision.” The Supreme Court stated that a woman’s choice in abortion is protected by the Fourteenth Amendment’s right of privacy. Since Roe v. Wade, many women come and have an abortion safely so that they can continue on with their daily lives.

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Many people know about abortion and what it is, but most do not know how an abortion is performed. There are many different ways an abortion can happen. One of the ways is called Suction Aspiration. This is most usually performed in the first three months of a pregnancy, or the first trimester. The abortionists sticks a suction tube into the mother’s womb. The suction tube has a sharp edge for cutting and slicing. The tube is then moved around, slicing the baby up and dismembering it and the pieces of the baby is suctioned out through the tube. Another method is called the Dilation and Curettage. In this procedure, “the abortionist uses a loop shaped knife to cut the baby into pieces and scrape the uterine wall. The baby’s body parts are then removed and checked to make sure that no pieces were left in the mother’s womb.” (Methods) Basically, the baby is cut into pieces and removed and in order to make sure they got all the pieces, they check the baby and if they miss a part, they go back in and remove it. Two of the most graphic abortions are called Dilation and Extraction and Dilation and Evacuation. The first method is used mainly in the third trimester, where the baby is nearly 32 weeks old.

“The abortionist reaches into the mother’s womb, grabs the baby’s feet with a forceps and pulls the baby out of the mother, except for the head. The abortionist then jams a pair of scissors into the back of the baby’s head and spreads the scissors apart to make a hole in the baby’s skull. The abortionist removes the scissors and sticks a suction tube into the skull to suck the baby’s brain out. The forceps are then used to crush the baby’s head and the abortionist pulls the baby’s body out the rest of the way.”

The second method is used to for the second trimester, where the baby is nearly 24 weeks old. The abortionist uses a forceps to grab parts of the baby (arms and legs) and then tears the baby apart. The baby’s head must be crushed in order to remove it because the skull bone has hardened by this stage in the baby’s growth.”

There are medical abortions where medicine is used to kill the baby. One of the medical methods is salt poisoning.

“The abortionist sticks a long needle into the mother’s womb. The needle contains salt which is then injected into the amniotic fluid surrounding the baby. The baby breathes in, swallows the salt and dies from salt poisoning, dehydration, brain hemorrhage and convulsions. Taking nearly an hour to die, the baby’s skin is completely burned, turns red and deteriorates. The baby is in pain the entire time. The mother goes into labor 24-48 hours later and delivers a dead baby.”

The baby is all of these operations are killed in inhumane ways, whether their skulls are crushed or their bodies dismembered into pieces.

Abortions may kill an unwanted baby, but they can have serious side effects to the mother. Some medical complications from having an abortion include heavy bleeding, scarring of the uterine lining, and even death. Death can occur during an abortion if the abortion is done incorrectly or if the mother loses too much blood. Abortion can also cause damage to other internal organs. In “Abortion Facts,” it stated that having an abortion can cause emotional complications, such as relationship problems, guilt, depression, alcohol and drug abuse, suicidal thoughts, and even sexual dysfunction. “Abortion Facts” also state that women getting an abortion have a higher risk of getting breast cancer, cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, and liver cancer. In exchange for getting rid of a baby they do not want, they end up putting their bodies and lives at an even bigger risk than when they were pregnant.

Abortion has always been a touchy subject for me. A friend of mine did a paper on the methods of abortion and I was horrified at what I read. All I could imagine was the poor baby dying in a pool of his own blood as the abortionist mercilessly killed it. My thoughts on abortion have not changed after this. I still believe that it is inhumane and cruel and should be banned everywhere. An unborn baby is still a human. After all, humans don’t give birth to animals or inanimate objects. They give birth to humans.


  • Abortion Facts. (2007). Retrieved April 19, 2016, from
  • http://studentsforlife.org/prolifefacts/abortion-facts/
  • Abortion Methods American Life League. (n.d.). Retrieved April 19, 2016
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History, Methods and Side Effects of Abortion after case Roe v Wade. (2022, Nov 18). Retrieved from https://papersowl.com/examples/history-methods-and-side-effects-of-abortion-after-case-roe-v-wade/