History and Comparison of Buddhism, Hinduism, Christianity and Islam
What is Religion? For a long time, people has been asking question about it, but no one has corrected answer whether one religion is right, or another religion is wrong. Every person explains religion in different way. Religion is a cultural system for group of people who have shared same beliefs. As any person can remember religion has been part of history for long time. There are nearly 10,000 religious where people are born into or they can choose which one there prefer to be in. This essay is about the history of religions beginning with Buddhism, Hinduism, Christianity and Islam.
Buddhism is a practice that focus on spiritual behavior. It is mainly about nature of life. It does not include worshipping of any god. It is a practice by meditation which mean changing our self by developing awareness, wisdom and kindness. History of Buddhism began nearly 5th century B.C. Hinduism is known as a parent of Buddhism. Which also shared same belief of reincarnation, dharma and ahisma. It is practice by more than 300 million people. It is spread mostly in south and east Asia. Fonder of Buddhism was Siddhartha Gautam who take spiritual journey toward the path of Englighment. Siddhartha was born in royal family into a small village of Nepal.
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He was always curious about human problem. He had different question rise in this mind when he saw dead bodies, sick person, and different age people. He wanted to find cause and solution of human problems. One day, Siddhartha decided to leave his royal palace and travel all around the world to find for answer. He also seen Indian monk who suggested him to follow self-discipline. He follows him and extremely meditation for six year. Still he didn’t find his answer. Finally, he decided to abandon his lifestyle and didn’t return to his kingdom. He didn’t stop to find answer and again that time he deeply meditation and achieved Enlightenment. After that he spent 45 year in teaching his philosophy across eastern India and Nepal. His teaching promoted four noble truth which are suffering, cause of suffering, end of suffering and path that end of suffering. Enlightenment is also known as Nirvana. There is other few people got nirvana across the world which is known as Buddhas.
Hinduism is known as the oldest religion. It is recognized by one god, Brahmas and include deities such as Vishnu, Shiva and Devi. There is no founder of Hinduism and not a common set of teaching. Hindu believe on spirit and soul. They also believe in reincarnation, died of physical bodies, soul lives on and reborn in new body. History of Hinduism began from 19th century. It is practice by most of the people from India and Nepal. Now there is nearly 900 million people worldwide. Hindu worship began with prayer image or icon. Prayer will be done by repeated mantra and offering god with flower, water and fruit. Hinduism were started from Indus Valley around 1500 B.C. First it was the religion of Aryan people whose philosophy is known as a Vedas. It include prayer, hymn and spell.
Christianity is the world greatest religion. There were nearly 2.1 billion people. Christianity were divided into three different branches such as Roman Catholics, Protestant and Eastern Christians. Christianity was beginning around 1st century. Christine believe in holy god Jesus Christ. Jesus was born around 2000 year ago. He was born in Jewish family in Palestine. His father was known as Holy Spirit of God. His follower consider that he was a massager sent to earth to help people from slavery, death and sin. They think god sent Jesus in a human form because he can understand their problem and guidance them better way. During that time, he informed people to love god and forgive other people with all their heart. He cured sick people and told lot of stories what god want people to follow. This way he raised lot of follower. After seeing this Roman governor decided to punish him. People were found his body was raised from death. After his painful sacrifice of his life on cross which show love of god to their people. Jesus death and rebirth were celebrating in Easter. Holy book of Christine is Bible. It teaches why people suffer, about death, and happiness of family.
Isham is the second greatest religion in the world. There is follower of 1.8 million people. Isham believe in only one god Allah. Most of the people were from India and Indonesia. There is also 7 million Muslim in United State. They were divided into two groups Sunnis and Shiites. However, they share same believe. There are five pillar of Islam which are Shahadah, Salat, Zakah, Sawn and Hajj. They believe in scripture of Koran which were written on Arabic language. It is remembering as life time of Muhammad. It indicates moral and spiritual value. History of Islam began in 7th century. First it was started from Mecca, Saudi Arabia during the era of Muhammad lives. Muhammad was sad with people when he seeing people were worshipping different god and they were forgotten message of Prophet Abraham to praying one god. Muhammad like to be meditated. Suddenly he started to received message from god. Muhammad was the final prophet directed by god to declare their believed to people. Through the Islamic text angle were order Muhammad to deliver decision of Allah.
Overall, Religion is the same belief shared by group of people. Where we can see the history of religions beginning with Buddhism, Hinduism, Christianity and Islam. There are so many religions where people itself born with it or can able to choose. But every religion concept is awareness and find moral value. We must respect all religion. Growing in multicultural society every people need to understand about each other religion which will help them to know other people better. A lot of people don’t have a spiritual belief but what is important is to accept other people and respect their believe this way we can maintain peaceful society.