High School After-School Program
In the town of Greenwood, Ms., according to residents, teachers, and parents (personal communication, March 6, 2019), 65% of the high school students at Amanda Elzy High has been trying to deal with the following: teen pregnancy, failure of grades, and bullying/cyberbullying. The high school students are ranging from 9th-12th grade. According to the residents within the community, all of these activities seems to be taking place in the afternoon or afterschool hours. Schools hours are from 8:00a.m.- 3:00 p.m., .and parents don’t make it home from their job until after 5:00p.m.or later. Due to the lack of parental supervision, the youth are engaging in these activities and the decisions that they are choosing to make are effecting their future.
In this particular school district, sex education is not offered in the schools nor the community organizations. If the teens were knowledgeable about the consequences of having sex, the teen pregnancy rate will more than likely decrease in this community. Some of those consequences are sexually transmitted diseases, unplanned parenthood, risks of poverty and etc. According to research, teen pregnancy interventions has been successful for decreasing the teen pregnancy rate. According to Hulton (2007), there is a program known as “Vision of You”, that addressed everything pertaining to teen pregnancy. This particular intervention was implemented into the schools to encourage the students to either remain abstinence or to practice safe sex. Data showed that male students were least likely to practice safe sex as to where female students started to make rational choices when it came to having sex.
How it works
“The Youth Asset Development and The Postponing Sexual Involvement Program” are two other intervention programs that pertains to abstinence. These two programs also educated high school students about the importance of remaining abstinence or practicing safe sex. The data results of this particular intervention showed that students who participated in this program stayed in school and participated in afterschool activities in order to minimize the acts of participating in sexual activity, as well as bullying, and to improve their grades academically activities (Yampolskaya, Brown, & Vargo, 2004). Though these interventions centered around sex education, it is one of the reasons as to why it should be included in the afterschool program.
Not only is teen pregnancy an issue in this community, but so is the dropout rate, substance abuse, and bullying. There could be various of reasons as to why some student’s dropout or considers dropping out of high school. Some of those reasons could be because of teen pregnancy/unplanned parenthood, academic failure, attendance, disengagement, substance abuse, mental illnesses, and financial hardships. According to youths (2019), afterschool programs can boost and enhance the students’ knowledge academically, reduce the chances of teens participating in risky behaviors such as substance abuse, sex, and bullying, promote physical health, and also to provide a safe environment for the children to be in.
With the chances of an effective afterschool program, the behavior of the student could improve as well as the student’s attendance and participation. When it comes to student considering dropping out, it’s often due to lack of exceeding in the classroom or among their peers. With students receiving additional help such as tutoring, they would start to feel more comfortable in the classroom setting. Whether its them working among themselves or with classmates. It would not only help with boost of their grades, but students would feel as if they have support and someone who cares for them outside of the original school hours.
Other things that the youth could benefit from the afterschool program consists of: spending time with their friends while being supervised, receiving education on not only educational knowledge but reality life and/or future goals, participation in extracurricular activities, as well as fitness and exercise. There are many various reasons as to how both men and women would get an advantage from after school programs and why they are needed within this particular community and the 21st Century Community Learning Center grant would be perfect for just that. Investing in our youth is important, they hold the key to our future.
Goals and Objectives
Goal 1: Increase the academic performance for each student who may be participating in this afterschool program.
- Objective 1: The students would be offered one-on-one tutoring with a teacher and/or peer in areas in which they may be struggling academically.
- Objective 2: Voluntary teachers will utilize effective lessons aligned to the curriculum and that meet students need.
Goal 2: Educate the teens about the importance of remaining abstinence, poverty factors, and the use of contraceptives when it comes to having sex.
- The school nurse will talk to the teens about risk factors associated with having sex such as STD’s, poverty, and properly use of contraceptives.
- The students would be informed of resources ton where they could get contraceptives, and also resources for planned parenthood that might be beneficial to those students who may already be pregnant.
Goal 3: Enlighten the teens about the hardships associated with dropouts, teen pregnancy, as well as bullying.
- Objective 1: Teens would attend the program throughout the entire school year twice a week.
- For the entire program, motivational speakers, as well as other teens, would come to share their experiences of teen pregnancy, bullying, as well as dropouts to tell how their choices affected their lives.
Methodology and Evaluation Plans
After school programs has become very beneficial to our youth. Our youths are able to improve their grades academically, reduce the chances of them engaging in bad or disruptive behavior, improve their health both physically and mentally, and to also provide a safe place for the children to spend time with other peers and friends during after school hours (Youth, 2019). Though these are all the things that teens benefit from when attending after school programs in general, Amanda Elzy High School after school program offers more when it comes to benefits to the youths.
At the Amanda Elzy High School after school program, it would not only help with benefiting the students by improving school grades, but it would also help them when it comes to making better choices that would be beneficial to their future. This program would address the following: offer tutoring to help students who may be failing academically or to help those who may be struggling in certain area, sex education and/or awareness, and cyberbullying/bullying. With these initiatives being put into effect, the dropout rate, as well as the teen pregnancy rate could be decreased.
For this program to be developed, the social worker, Keria Stringfellow, would create a plan for the after-school program. First, the social worker would request a meeting with the Leflore County School district in order to inform them of what is trying to be accomplished. Also, the social worker would talk to the Leflore county school district about hosting the after-school program at the school’s gymnasium. If the school board approves of the location, as well as the needs of the program and how it would be beneficial to our youth, the social worker will then contact the counselor of the high school so that he/she could schedule a date and time to meet with the students who are 9th-12th grade. Once this is done, the social worker will then start to collaborate with the school counselor in order to get parental consent forms sent out to the student’s parents that will be interested in participating in the program. Due to sex education, as well as transportation and the students staying after hours at the school, it is important that the parents be informed of all the things taking place in the after-school program.
This after school program will be evaluate by using the experimental design, pretest posttest-only control group design. Before the program begins, the students would be given a pretest to basically test their knowledge of what they expect to gain, and also for the teachers to know the area of which the students need the most help in. After the school year is over, the post test would be given to see how effective the program was and what the students achieved.
Next, the social worker will apply for the 21st Century Learning Center block grant. This block grant would be beneficial when it comes to funding either transportation, needs for equipment, activity equipment, food/snacks, as well as pay for the employees who are interested in furthering the education and making an impact on our youth. This program would be for students 9th-12th grade or students who are ages fourteen to eighteen years old. The goal of this after school program is to educate and enhance the students’ knowledge academically, educate the students on sex education and to bring about prevention and awareness, and to also address bullying and offer counseling to students who may be struggling not just academically but mentally.
Study Validity and Reliability
This program would be held at the following location: 1204 Amanda Elzy Avenue, Greenwood, MS 38930. It would be held every Monday and Wednesday for the following school year. The time of the after-school program would be from 3:00p.m. -5:00 p.m. There would be four to five employees participating in the program, as well as volunteers, parents, and etc. in order to make the program a success for our youth. The employees would be Martha Simpson (school nurse), Anna White (school counselor), Joel Sanders (bus driver), and voluntary math, English and science teachers. Other volunteers would be voluntary motivational speakers chosen by the employees.
Each employee and/or volunteer would play a major role in this program when it comes to the beneficial needs of our youth. The school nurse, Martha Simpson, would educate the students on sex. The following things that she would discuss would consist of abstinence, risk factors pertaining to having sex, poverty factors, as well as even ways of practicing safe sex. Some of those risk factors that the school nurse might address consists of sexual transmitted diseases, as well as teen pregnancy. When it comes to poverty factors, the nurse would talk to the youth to explain how if one was to get pregnant, how their future could be impacted. In most cases, teens are peer pressured to engaging in activities that they may not be willing to participate in. In this case, the nurse would encourage safe sex to those who may already be engaging in sexual activities or to those who may be considering having sex. The school nurse will inform them of where they could buy contraceptives and inform them of how to properly use them.
The school counselor, Anna White, would also have an important role in the program. Due to teens experiencing things that may be affecting them mentally, this would be a great time for the school counselor to engage with students to either be supportive and/or encouraging and to also offer alternatives for the things that they might be struggling with. When it comes to bullying and cyberbullying, it’s something that isn’t discussed but something that is happening every day among our youth. Most students go through things that we can’t imagine, so talking to the counselor about these things could lead to the support that the students will eventually need.
The bus driver, Joel, could be a voluntary bus driver who would be willing to offer transportation to the students within the school district transportation home. Some of the volunteers or employees, could be responsible for helping with either giving out snacks, and for extracurricular activities. The extracurricular activities could consist of exercise, basketball, softball, dodgeball, talent shows, and so much more. The voluntary science, reading, and math teachers would be responsible for offering tutoring to the students in the area of need to help them improve academically. Lastly, the motivational speakers would play important role in the program by sharing their experiences of sex, teen pregnancy, substance abuse, bullying and etc. in order to enlighten the students of how their decisions could affect their future positively and/or negatively.
Limitations and Assumptions
A quantitative method that would be used in observation of this program would consist of the pre-and post survey method. Before the program begins, a survey would be conducted asking open ended questions pertaining to what they expect to gain, what they will look forward to and etc. Some limitations for the after-school program could consist of various of reasons. The parent may not wish for the child to participate in the program due to them having household responsibilities that may consist of them watching their siblings or working a afternoon school job to help provide at home. Another limitation could consist of the number of students who will or will not be able to participate in the program
The program would be managed by first accepting the informed consent forms from the parents of the children who will be attending. To make sure that no student is left out, forgot to give the letters to their parents, as well as making sure the parents are aware, the director would call the students’ parents for the ones who did not return their letters. Each child that does attend the program would be given both the pre-and post-test. The teachers and volunteers would be responsible for helping the students to meet their needs throughout the program.
The evaluation Plan
The social worker would first have to have the program and its duties approved, the Institutional Review board such as the Leflore County School District and etc., would first have to approve. In order for the students to attend, the parents must first sign the parental consent form for transportation, after school hours, and the sex based information. The students will be evaluated individually as well as a whole class. The results of both participation, grades enhancement, teen pregnancy and etc. would be based from the results in the afternoon school year.
Though this seems like a lot to have in one program, the activities would be broken down within the 2 hours. The students who participate would be encouraged to share their ideas so that the program would also be a success and a fun educational place for them also. When it comes to motivational speakers, it would be one speaker per month to come to talk to the youth. The success of this after school program would be based off the decrease of high school dropouts as well as decrease of teen pregnancy and number of students who are willing to participate in the program.
- Youth. (2019). Benefits for Youth, families, and communities. Retrieved from: http://www.youth.gov
- Linda J. Hulton. (2007). An Evaluation of a School-Based Teenage Pregnancy Prevention Program Using a Logic Model Framework. The Journal of School Nursing, 23(2), 104-110.
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High School After-School Program. (2021, May 14). Retrieved from https://papersowl.com/examples/high-school-after-school-program/