Essay about Spartacus
Spartacus is one of the earliest forms of a hero. Spartacus is considered a hero for numerous reasons due to his leadership, determination and perseverance. Although Spartacus was captured and sold as a slave to a gladiatorial training school in Capua he exemplified heroic feats. He broke out of the school along with 70 other gladiators and led them to freedom. He was determined to build a bigger army to free other slaves. He persevered through hardships and defeated whole Roman to achieve his goals.
One of the main reasons Spartacus was considered a hero was because of his ability to inspire and lead his men into battle. Spartacus was a natural born leader. Not much is known about Spartacus early years but he is believed to have been born in Thrace. He was in the Roman army but deserted and captured as a slave. Do to strength he was then sold to a gladiatorial school in Capua, north of Napleshow. Spartacus was a murmillo also known as a heavyweight gladiator. Spartacus was not there for long.
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He and about 70 other slaves plotted to escape. Although they did not have many men Spartacus and the other slaves seized kitchen utensils. The knives and other utensils from the kitchen helped them escape. They were able to fight their way free from the school successfully. Soon after they escaped Spartacus and the gladiators seized several wagons of gladiator weapons and armor completely looting them.
These weapons only aided the soldiers even more. If these were just regular slaves with swords, shields, etc they would be defeated easily but they were more then just regular slaves. Each man was a gladiator someone capable of defeating many soldiers. They were selected to the gladiatorial school do to their strength and fighting abilities and only learned to fight and kill better because of their harsh and vigorous training. These men were prepared to fight. With Spartacus leading the gladiators they defeated every soldiers sent after them and looted the region surrounding Capua for other resources and materials. On their way to Mount Vesuvius Spartacus recruited many other slaves into his small armies ranks.
Once they reached Mount Vesuvius the escaped slaves chose a leader. The slaves chose Spartacus do to his great leadership. The Roman’s didn’t take Spartacus and his men to serious and only sent out a militia to surround Spartacus and his men on Mount Vesuvius. The Roman’s goal were to force Spartacus and his men to starve which would eventually lead to their surrender. Spartacus was to smart to fall for their plans and devised one of his own. He surprised the Roman militia by climbing down the cliff side of the mountain with ropes made from vines. He and his men attacked the unprepared militia and killed most of the men.
From there Spartacus and his men defeated a second militia. They nearly capturing the praetor commander and managed to kill his lieutenants and siege their military equipment. Do to Spartacus successfully defeating these two Roman militias he inspired more slaves to join his forces. Spartacus’s heroic feats not only inspired slaves to join but also inspired many herdsmen and shepherds who were near by to join. Eventually Spartacus was able to build a army 90,000 strong. Having all of these men did not phase Spartacus. He was more then capable of leading an army of this stature. He was able to lead these men because he was an excellent tactician, leader, fighter, warrior and general.
What also allowed Spartacus to lead these slaves, gladiators, shepherds and herdsmen was because he was able to relate to them. Men being led by Roman generals were being led by generals who were wealthy and most likely didn’t face the hardships some of their soldiers did. While on the other hand Spartacus was just as poor as the poorest man in his army and just as willing as the next man. He faced just as many hardships as everyone else and this is why he is able to lead all of these men. The men feel inspired to fight for Spartacus because they all have the same goal in mind, freedom.
Spartacus’s determination was another one of his heroic traits. Spartacus was determined to lead his army to freedom. He was focused on that goal and did every thing possible to achieve it. With the men he acquired Spartacus fought small Roman armies. Spartacus and his men defeated the few armies they faced but realized something that was holding them back. The men were inexperienced fighters and lacked the proper weapons. The experienced men defeated the armies they faced before with local materials and unusual tactics.
With this knowledge Spartacus accessed the situation and came up with a solution like any good leader would. He decided he would train the men and spent the winter of 73–72 BC training them. Then he armed the men and new recruits with proper weapons and supplies. Spartacus then expand their raiding territory to the towns of Nola, Nuceria, Thurii and Metapontum. The town’s were raided by the Spartacus’s army splitting up which were lead by Spartacus him self and his right hand man Crixus.