Younger Siblings of Teenage Mothers by Patricia

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Journal #3 East study focuses on understanding how siblings caring for their teenage sisters child, would affect their development. The hypothesis of the study was that high involvement by a sibling in the caring of the teen mothers child,would be associated with permissive child bearing attitudes, poor school grades, and pessimistic school aspirations. Another hypothesis was that high involvement in child caring would be associated in conservative attitudes about parenting, and early parenting being problematic. The participants consistent of 309 younger siblings of first-time pregnant, parenting, or never-pregnant teens.

The measurement consisted of a interview and questionnaire that assessed school aspirations and self-esteem,problem behaviors. sexual behavior and pregnancy,extent of child care,family background demographic information, and pubertal development. Results showed that girls who helped take care of their teen sisters child displayed significant increase in substance use and partying behavior across time.As well as lower school aspirations and more school problems. Including a greater increase in frequency of intercourse across time leading to a high likelihood of becoming pregnant. In the longitudinal study by Sara Jaffee “Why are children born to teen mothers at risk for adverse outcomes in young adulthood?” The goal is the study is to find out whether children born of teenage mothers have high negative risk outcomes, going into adulthood. The author assessed two different mechanisms/possibilities as to why children of teen mothers are more at risk for negative life outcomes.One of the two mechanisms tested is social-influence effect, in regards how social, economic, and familial challenges of teen mother can affect the child’s development.

The second mechanism was Social-selection effect in regards to how the social and psychosocial characteristics of the mother may transmitted to their children socially or genetically. Thus putting those children at a higher risk for negative outcomes later in life. The study consisted of 1037 male and female participants over a follow up of 3 years. The study used psychological, medical and sociological measures.The results of the study showed that both mechanisms social influence and social selection play a role in the association between teen childbearing and poor offspring outcomes. Some to the negative outcomes associated were early school drop out, unemployment, early parenthood and violent offending. Maternal characteristics and family circumstances both had 39% effect on offspring outcomes.Maternal characteristics ahad a 18% effect on offspring outcomes.

After reading the the Jaffee article it was interesting to note and connect the adverse negative effects to some to the risk factors we have talked in class. I was able to connect it to several of the discussion we had in class, in regards to low SES and parental education, as well as social support and economic readiness. It wasn’t necessarily surprising but it was interesting to see the difference in regards to how the age in which a mother bore children made a difference in regards to possible negative outcomes., due to teen mothers having less than a high school certification, lower family goal orientation. This adds to the mother possible not talking to their child about the importance of school and, being able to assist their child in school due to needing to work. I learned that there can still the individual characteristics of a teen mother that can’t be measured and there are certain individual differences in certain cases in regards to influencers and buffers that can affect the adverse outcomes of children born to teen mothers, Interventions suggested to help prevent or diminish negative outcomes of children born of teen mothers would be to delay the age in which a mother were to give birth, the article fails to expand on whether this would by by sexual education class.

Based on the findings it is very important for teen to have social support as well as be surrounded with programs that help help delay childbearing until after 20 years old. Discussion Question: How would the interventions help delay child birthing? Would further studies of mothers upbringing play a part in the offsprings outcomes, in terms of the teen parent was parented?

References

  1. East, P. L., & Jacobson, L. J. (2001). The younger siblings of teenage mothers: A follow-up of their pregnancy risk. Developmental psychology, 37(2), 254. Jaffee, S., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., Belsky, J. A. Y., & Silva, P. (2001).
  2. Why are children born to teen mothers at risk for adverse outcomes in young adulthood? Results from a 20-year longitudinal study. Development and psychopathology, 13(2), 377-397.
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Younger siblings of Teenage Mothers by Patricia. (2021, Apr 19). Retrieved from https://papersowl.com/examples/younger-siblings-of-teenage-mothers-by-patricia/

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