World War 1 in Questions and Answers
Why did the U.S. enter World War One (we discussed 4 reasons)?
First of the U.S entered the war for many reasons. On April 6, 1917, was the day the U.S took a huge step and changed the course of history by entering World War One. Many American people were against it, most of the people in America wanted to remain neutral and not cause any commission nor the lives of Americans. However, the U.S made its way into the battlefield and here were the four reasons for their declaration. Number one, the Anti – German sentiment, Germany was to first to declare war and the ones that started it and they also killed millions of civilians during that time. Another reason was the Unrestricted Submarine Warfare. This created British naval blockade in order to cut off all foreign trade as well as in England. Which as a result of this it created a war zone where all ships including merchant and passenger ships were sunk without any warning. Germany entered desperation British Rockland starvation. They could end the war quickly. German submarines sunk 5 ships. One of the ships that suffer the most deaths was the Lusitania ship that in the result of it being sunken, it cost 1,200 people deaths which included 128 Americans lives that were lost as well. Then there was the Zimmerman Telegram which was sent to Mexico asking and offering a military alliance to fight the U.S. In result of this it created fear of invasion.
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What were America’s contributions to an Allied victory? Why did the Allies win?
America made many contributions to the Allied victory. American had a huge impact on the Allies winning and here are some reasons. One of them was the U.S ships building which had a huge impact as it served with 18 shipyards, where most of them were used to 2,700 of these utilitarian beasts. These ships were very valuable in terms of transporting goods to the Soviet Union and the United Kingdom. Not only that, but it Strengthens Naval Blockade! One of the most important things. Not only that the U.S loaned about $12 billion dollars in food, steel, and oil. So many things were given from resources and technology to material to bread. Soviets had the manpower, the British had naval superiority, both had morale and motivation, but all in all, it was the vast financial, natural and technological resources that tilted the advantage to the Allies. The U.S not only produce more ships than Germany, but they gave weapons such as bombs and fuel in huge quantities. England and Russia would have starved to death without American food shipments. Russia didn’t have trucks to move men and materials around America supplied both, and the fuel to run them because England did not have enough fuel for their planes America had to supply it. Lastly, they served with 3 million manpower. However, there were reasons why the Allies won was because of Germany armistice. For instance, the Naval blockade ruined the economy and caused mass suffering which inevitably led to a political collapse. Not only that, but there was monarchy overthrown and communist uprising. Last but not least there was fear of Bolshevik revolution. These were some of America’s contributions to an Allied victory and why.
What were the terms and goals of Wilson’s 14 Points?
Wilson’s 14 points had many terms and goals. His game plan consisted of: First, eliminate tariffs, àfree trade barriers which meant no tax on imported goods. He was a believer in free trade globalization. It would raise prosperity and more economically dependent on each other. This would help promote cooperation between nations. One way to make peace happened he argued. Second, was Disarmament meaning weapons, step one disarm Germany, step two was to reduce its weapons to the minimum level needed for self-defense with the expectation that this would help deter aggression. Third, self-determination was self-government for Europe’s ethnic minorities. Bases on the principle of government consent this was the term that they used to become an independent nation. Fourth, limited reparations, you are paying for the war for Germany. Don’t make Germany pay for the entire war, make them pay what they tore down only because Wilson believed that you should not punish Germany for the war. It would be a great mistake to alienate the German public. It would create a great desire for revenge because they would see it as an unfair punishment and create another war. Fifth, League of Nations, created in 1919 in which passes away in 1945. It was an international organization in which all nations were invited to become members and prevent another world war in particular. It was established to promote cooperation amongst nations. Set up to provide an alternative war and the arbitration conflicts settled them through negotiation instead. Based on the principle of collective security. Each member nation is committed to the independence of all members nations. The entire league of nations would come to its defense if one were to go under attack. The league of nations would be replaced by the united nations. The league of nations was considered to be a failure for not stopping another World War two and lastly Collective Security
What were the terms of the Versailles Treaty?
World War One officially terminated with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles on June 28, 1919. Some of the terms of the Versailles was one, Military restrictions; They place a lot of military restrictions among them specifically. Germany could have no tanks, planes, submarines. It was not allowed to have an air force and a very small army and navy only. They were also not allowed to have a draft they could not prepare early for war two. Second, Loss of European territory-population; Germany lost about 13% of its Euro territory which had 10% of its population. Third, $34 billion reparations- This was all the cost of the entire war. Fourth, Article 231: War Guilt Clause- article 231 quickly became known as the war guilt clause. Germany had to claim sole responsibility for the war, they had to accept the fact they million of people died and destroy billion worth of damage. Fifth, War Crimes Tribunal, The allies called for war called this. An international court of 300 German leaders that would be war criminals. Sixth, Denied League entry- Germany was denied entry into the league of nations.
What were the long-term consequences of the 1st World War?
Some of the long-term consequences of the 1st World War was first the horrifying death of 20 million people which 1/2 were civilians. World War I made many European countries began to practice militarism and worked to expand and build their military forces. There were also new weapons used, industrial revolution made it possible for mass productions: Chemical weapons, machine guns/automatic weapons automatic=shot 600 grams a minute and biggest killer, chemical explosion, tanks, airplanes, Submarine. Poison gas was the most effective of terror, armor tanks, artillery: chemical exposures can fire 20 shells per minute and it was the second killer in the world, airplanes, Germans used: submarines/ torpedoes. The war also destroyed major empires like the Austrian-Hungary Empire, Russian Empire, German Empire, Ottoman empire. It also created 12 new nations: Self- determination/ government ethnic minorities. This would help promote democratic governments design to create world war peace. New nations Czechoslovakia- self-determination: the only successful one. A European country. The Middle East, Turkey: world’s oldest Muslim democratic state and Iraq. Also, a new empire was created by Bolshevik Revolution the Commit Rev/ Russian Soviet union (1917-1991) world’s first communion nation military, industrial superpower, communism globally influential ideology. Some of the allies: England, France, Russia, Italy, the U.S vs the central powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman empire. Lastly, World War One was a cause of World War Two. It was the rise Rise of Adolf-Hitler started WW2 and Nazi party, Germany.