What are the Main Causes and Treatments of Diabetes

Diabetes is one of the alarming diseases in the United States. According to the recent study by the Centers of Disease Control, over 100 million adults have diabetes in this country. Alarmingly, the rate of type 2 diabetes over the last 5 years has doubled. This type of disease has a serious health complication such as blindness, kidney failure, amputations, heart disease and stroke if left untreated. (This type of disease has serious health complications such as blindness, kidney failure, amputations, heart disease and stroke if left untreated). People with diabetes places a massive, emotional, physical as well as financial burden to the entire family. Therefore, it is then essential to know the signs and symptoms, risk factors, the causes and the treatments of diabetes.

Diabetes is the condition where in the pancreas doesn’t (does not) produce insulin correctly or produces little or no insulin. First, let us understand the rule of insulin in our body. Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas that allows cells to absorb glucose so that it can be used as energy. It also helps in keeping our blood sugar from getting too high.  Hyperglycemia is a problem that may arise when pancreas is not producing enough insulin or no insulin at all. But when our pancreas is functioning properly, Insulin assists in keeping the blood sugar in our body at a steady level.

Knowing the Risk factors is also important in preventing the development of diabetes. These constituted to family history, age, race, weight, sedentary lifestyle, high blood pressure, cholesterol and triglycerides. Maintaining normal levels will reduce your chances of developing type 2 diabetes.

There are two types of diabetes which are classified as the type 1 and the type 2.  With Type 1 diabetes, this occurs when pancreas cannot make insulin. Another cause of this type is when an immune system for fighting infection attack and destroys the insulin producing beta cells of the pancreas.  There are also study that genes and environmental factors such as viruses also included to generate this disease.  Type 1 is usually considered as an insulin dependent type of diabetes and the most severe type of diabetes. It is sometimes called “juvenile” because it affects usually the children and the teenagers although it can also develop at any age. People who has this type of diabetes needs insulin injections.

The Type 2 is the second type of diabetes. In this type, the disease arises when the pancreas cannot make enough insulin or a result of the body not using glucose properly. Most of this type strikes among adults although some children can be also affected. People who has this type has a significant rule in family history and being overweight or obese. Physical inactivity is one of the reasons of insulin resistance, it is a condition where the muscle, fat cells and liver are not managing insulin properly. As a result, blood glucose level will be higher than normal. In a survey, there are 3 million Canadians who have diabetes. Many people who has this type of diabetes are unaware that they have the disease. This is one reason why they are not receiving the required treatment.  In fact, 90% of people has the diabetes type 2 and many of them has early symptoms that are not noticeable without testing. Usually, people of indigenous, African descents, Hispanics and Asians are commonly affected with this type of diabetes. (where did you get or read about the survey? Next time, use according to a survery from —– year —-, then continue with “there are 3million….,)

Another common form is the Gestational Diabetes. This is a temporary condition that usually affects pregnant women. But with this type of diabetes, it generally settle (settles) after delivery. (this paragraph is too short)

The treatment of diabetes requires keeping close check over your blood sugar levels and maintaining them within normal range or as set by your doctor.  Otherwise, medication, exercise and diet play a big rule in preventing this disease. Meanwhile, there are different types of treatment of diabetes. In Type 1, it is not actually preventable, people with this kind of diabetes needs insulin to survive. Pancreas transplant is the only way to cure this condition, but the operation is only recommended in a small set of situations. However, there are medications which are effective in treating this type that includes anti diabetes pills, insulin injections or the combination of both.

On the other hand, Type 2 Diabetes can be prevented compared to Type 1. Type 2 Diabetes is another form of diabetes that is caused by several factors, this includes lifestyle, obesity, overweight and genes. In this illness, it is prevented by adopting to lifestyle changes, which includes moderate weight loss, regular exercise and by maintaining a healthy diet. Obesity is one of the leading causes of insulin resistance which about 90% of people with this type are obese. (where did you get this statistics from???)  Also, physical inactivity is another reason for extra weight.

Coping with diabetes is a lifelong challenge and so people who has this disease requires a significant amount of real effort on their part. A part of treatment plan for diabetes involves learning the what causing it, how to manage it and knowledge on how to prevent complications.

Over all, people with either type 1 and 2 diabetes, it is imperative to monitor your blood sugar, this can be easily done at home with the use of an instrument called a glucometer. Glucometer is a machine that determines glucose levels in a sample of blood patted on a strip of treated paper. Recording and tracking your blood glucose readings at all times is also vital because it will provide your doctor to view your results and will recommend treatments correspondingly.

AIC test is used for diagnosing diabetes but also allows you to check your blood sugar over the last three months. This will tell you if your blood glucose has been in control and with this, it will allow your doctor to manage your diabetes successfully.

References

  1. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: Symptoms and Causes of Diabetes: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/symptoms-causes
  2. About Pre-diabetes. (2015, October 23). Retrieved from http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/More/Diabetes/AboutDiabetes/About-Pre-diabetes_UCM_461494_Article.jsp#.WKbrrxKLRTZ
  3. Cardiovascular disease and diabetes. (2016, November 4). Retrieved from http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/More/Diabetes/WhyDiabetesMatters/Cardiovascular-Disease-Diabetes_UCM_313865_Article.jsp#.WKbxChKLRTY
  4. Erika Gebel. (2011, June). Understanding insulin resistance. Retrieved from http://www.diabetesforecast.org/2011/jun/understanding-insulin-resistance.html?referrer=http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/305567.php?page=2
  5. Gerald Reaven. (2012, July 18). Insulin resistance and coronary heart disease in nondiabetic individuals. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology. 32:1754-1759. Retrieved from http://atvb.ahajournals.org/content/32/8/1754
  6. Mayer B. Davidson. (2003, November). Metabolic syndrome/insulin resistance syndrome/pre-diabetes. Diabetes Care. 26(11): 3179-3179. Retrieved from http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/26/11/3179.full
  7. What Causes Insulin Resistance? Lipid Overload: What is the main cause of Insulin Resistance.
  8. https://www.google.com/search?client=firefox-b-1-ab&q=how+will+you+get+insulin+resistance
  9. Diabetes: One of The Fastest growing Disease in America: What is Diabetes
  10. https://www.augustahealth.com/health-focused/diabetes-one-of-the-fastest-growing-diseases-in-america
  11. Living With Diabetes: What is Diabetes? https://www.diabrg/what-is-diabetes

 

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