General Characteristic of Type II Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
Background about the disease- Type 2 Diabetes is an imbalance insulin that cause this major disorder. Type 2 diabetes is the more common form of diabetes than other type. It is mostly seen in adults but it is now seen in young adults as well. It is also known as non-insulin dependent diabetes. Diabetes is what cause your blood glucose level to go up then normal. People with type 2 diabetes have this disease for lifelong.
How it works
Pathophysiology and causes (i.e. how the disease comes to be)- Type 2 diabetes is caused by many different factors. The first cause is develop when insulin is resistant in your body. It’s when not enough is produced by the pancreas. Although the cause of this is still unknown. It is also develop when you are not physically active or have a poor diet. Which leads to overweight or obesity. And this could not only cause diabetes but also heart and blood vessel disease. Hereditary also play a role in the 2 diabetes. And it is more common in certain ethic groups than others. Genetic mutations, hormonal disease, damage or removal of the pancreas, and even medicines could be a cause of diabetes.
Risk Factors and/or prevention (i.e. smoking, lack of exercise, etc.)- Just like the cause the risk factors of diabetes are several different factors. Mostly it is family history, age also plays a role in this, ethnicity, physical activity, and overweight or obesity. Three others are prediabetes, gestational diabetes, and polycystic syndrome. This risk factors can develop into type 2 diabetes if left untreated. Low level of HDl or high level of triglycerides can also lead to type 2 diabetes. History of stroke and depression also could be one of the risk factor.
Epidemiology (i.e. baby or senior citizen is more likely to have the disease)- more common in African Americans, Hispanic/Latino,Native Americans, and Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders. Age of 45 and older. 90-95 percent people have type 2 diabetes and only about 5 percent have type 1.
Signs and symptoms (i.e. skin falls off, headache, heartache, hairloss, hair growth, etc.)- Type 2 diabetes symptoms are mostly developed slowly and it is difficult to see and recognize the symptoms. Symptoms of type 2 diabetes includes increased thirst and hunger, frequent urination, weight loss, feeling fatigue, having blurry vision, numbness or tingling feeling in the feet and hands, slow healing infection or sores, and patches of dark skin.
Diagnosis tests (i.e. blood test, MRI, CXR, etc.)- Fasting blood glucose level, hemoglobin A1c test, and oral glucose tolerance test are done to see if a person have diabetes. Besides this the doctor check the skin, feet and legs, numbness in feet, blood pressure, cholesterol and triglyceride levels, kidney functions, eyes for any disease related to diabetes, and sometimes also may tell you to get dental cleaning and exam. Diabetes risk test can also be done to check to see if one is at risk for type 2 diabetes. BMI can also tell you if you are at risk of diabetes.
Treatments and drugs (1-2 drugs is sufficient)- Healthy eating, physical activity, and Monitoring your blood sugar. Metformin is the most common medicine for diabetes. Sulfonylureas, meglitinides, thiazolidinediones, dpp-4 inhibitors, GLP-1 receptor agonists, SGLT2 inhibitors, and insulin therapy are other form of treatments for type 2 diabetes.
Complication (i.e. if disease is left untreated; then…) and Prognosis (i.e. 1% of dying from the disease or surviving the disease)- Heart and blood vessel disease, nerve damage, kidney damage, eye damage, foot damage, hearing impairment, skin conditions, and Alzheimer’s disease are some of the complication. Prognosis of type 2 diabetes is a lifelong disease and it has no cure. Some people don’t need medicine if they be more active and lose weight. Thats when their baby produce insulin and health diet control the sugar level in the blood.
Recommended lifestyle change or home remedies or alternative medicine (i.e. stop smoking, eat more healthy, low-sodium diet, supplemental diet: omega-3, kale, garlic, etc.)- Mostly healthy eating, more active, no smoking, and weight loose.