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Child employment is a severe matter in most developing nations. Child labor is a term you might have heard about in the news or movies. It refers to a crime where children are forced to work from a very early age. It is a kind of crime where children are violated to work at a very young age and do their duties just like grown-ups by practicing business activities. Millions of children are lacking in primary education and depriving their childhood in our country. It is like expecting kids to perform responsibilities like working and fending for themselves.
It is commonly practiced in Subcontinent and other developing countries in small-scale industries, for domestic service, as a restaurant waiter, for rock breaking, like a shopkeeper’s representative, on a construction site, for bookbinding, etc. There are several reasons for child labor in our country. Some of the grounds for global child labor are similar; however, they differ from country to country. Many children start working to improve the income of their family so that they can manage at least two times of food. The most popular reasons are poverty, suppression of child rights, irregular education, inadequate rules, and laws, etc.
How it works
There are certain policies that have put restrictions and limitations on children working. As per the International Labour Organization (ILO), a rule has been established according to which children up to the age limit of fifteen should not be involved in any job forcibly. The use of children for financial work makes children without a childhood, proper literacy, and mental, physical, and social well-being. In some countries, this practice is completely forbidden; however, it has become an international matter in most states as it is ruining the future of children extensively.
Child Labour happens due to a number of reasons. While some of the reasons may be common in some countries, there are some reasons which are specific in particular areas and regions. When we look at what is causing child labor, we will be able to fight it better.
Firstly, it happens in countries that have a lot of poverty and unemployment. When families don’t have enough earnings, they put the children of the family to work so they can have enough money to survive. Similarly, if the adults of the family are unemployed, the younger ones have to work in their place.
Moreover, when people do not have access to education, they will ultimately put their children to work. The uneducated only care about short-term results, which is why they put children to work so they can survive their present.
Furthermore, the money-saving attitude of various industries is a major cause of child labor. They hire children because they pay them lesser for the same work as an adult. As children work more than adults and also at fewer wages, they prefer children. They can easily influence and manipulate them. They only see their profit, and this is why they engage children in factories.
Child labor is still followed in many nations, even after being a big offense. Owners of industries, mines, factories, etc., are using child labor at a high level to get more work at low labor costs. Poor children are more inclined to be involved in child labor as they are overpowered by parents to make some money to give financial help to their family at a very tender age alternately of taking proper education and enjoying their childhood.
If we wish to eradicate child labor, we need to formulate some very effective solutions which will save our children. It will also enhance the future of any country dealing with these social issues. To begin with, one can create a number of unions that solely work to prevent child labor. It should help the children indulge in this work and punish those who make them do it.
Furthermore, we need to keep the parents in the loop so as to teach them the importance of education. If we make education free and the people aware, we will be able to educate more and more children who won’t have to do child labor. Moreover, making people aware of the harmful consequences of child labor is a must.
In addition, family control measures must also be taken. This will reduce the family’s burden, so when you have lesser mouths to feed, the parents will be enough to work for them instead of the children. In fact, every family must be promised a minimum income by the government to survive.
In short, the government and the people must come together. Employment opportunities must be given to people in abundance so they can earn their livelihood instead of putting their kids to work. The children are the future of our country; we cannot expect them to maintain the economic conditions of their families instead of having a normal childhood.
Child labor is a huge social obstacle that requires to be resolved on an instant basis with the help of both people (particularly parents and teachers) and the government. Children are very small; however, they lead a flourishing future in any developing country. So, they are the big responsibility of all adult citizens and should not be used in negative ways. They should get a proper chance to evolve and grow within the happy atmosphere of family and school. They should not be restricted by the parents only to secure the economic scale of the family and by the companies to get labor at a low cost. Work opportunities should be improved for adults to overcome the problem of poverty and child labor. Company owners of factories, industries, mines, etc., should take the oath of not including children in any type of work or job.
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