The Term Sexual Orientation Analysis
How it works
The term sexual orientation refers to the sex to which a person is attracted on the emotional, romantic, sexual and affective plane. If a person is romantically and physically attracted to a member of the opposite sex, then he is heterosexual. And if on the contrary, if you feel attracted to a person of the same sex, then you are heterosexual.
But sexual orientation is not absolute. There is also bisexuality when a person is attracted to members of both sexes. In this sense, minorities based on sexual orientation are gay, lesbian and bisexual people. The term gender identity refers to a person’s awareness of belonging to the male or female sex. That is, a person may feel a gender identity distinct from their innate physiological characteristics. In other words, the person can feel like a woman even though he was born with the male sex, or he can feel like a man, even if he was born with the female sex.
How it works
Gender dysphoria is a state that implies a conflict that originates between the physical or assigned gender of a person and the gender with which he or she identifies. People with gender dysphoria may feel very uncomfortable with the gender they were assigned or born. People who suffer from it sometimes describe it as a set of discomforts with their own body, mainly during the stage of puberty or they feel uncomfortable with the expected roles of their assigned gender. People with gender dysphoria can often experience significant difficulties and functioning problems associated with this conflict between the way they feel and the way they think about themselves and their physical or assigned gender.
Body dysmorphic disorder is a mental disorder in which you can’t stop thinking about one or more perceived defects or flaws in your appearance — a flaw that, to others, is either minor or not observable. But you may feel so ashamed and anxious that you may avoid many social situations.
When you have body dysmorphic disorder, you intensely obsess over your appearance and body image, repeatedly checking the mirror, grooming or seeking reassurance, sometimes for many hours each day. Your perceived flaw and the repetitive behaviors cause you significant distress, and impact your ability to function in your daily life.
You may seek out numerous cosmetic procedures to try to “fix” your perceived flaw. Afterward, you may feel a temporary satisfaction, but often the anxiety returns and you may resume searching for a way to fix your perceived flaw. Treatment of body dysmorphic disorder may include cognitive behavioral therapy and medication. Transgender is a term that represents those people who do not feel identified with the biological sex that was granted at birth.
Over the years other terms related to this have been coined, such as the diminutive “trans” or the words intergender, fluid gender, among others. These types of people have different ways of expressing their situation. The first that can be mentioned is to dress and act according to the sex with which they identify themselves. They are distinguished from transvestites because they only dress as the opposite sex eventually and not as a permanent identity assumed.
Those who belong to this group have a flexible concept of what it means to be a man or a woman, so they do not get to undergo plastic surgery. The second way we can mention is the total transformation of one’s body. The subject performs a medical process that involves the ingestion of hormones and plastic surgeries to convert your body into the desired sex. In this case we talk about transsexual.
The professionals talk about “gender dysphoria” to allude to the anxiety generated in the subject the disagreement between the gender assigned biologically and the gender with which it is identified. Once the gender dysphoria is diagnosed, professionally, the process of accompaniment for the transition begins.
Do not confuse transgender identity with sexual orientation. Sexual orientation refers to the type of people to whom the subject is attracted, which only defines him as heterosexual, homosexual or bisexual. In contrast, transgender identity refers to the sex with which it is identified: man or woman, that is, it refers to what the person is. Therefore, there may be a transgender person who is heterosexual, homosexual or bisexual.
The cisgender people are people whose gender identity is concordant with their biological gender, that is, they do not identify with the transgender identity of transsexuality. “Cis” is a shorter word that means “on this side” A cisgender woman lives today as a woman biologically. A cisgender man lives as a man today, biologically. Many cisgender people never consider themselves to be cisgender because this coincidence of gender identity and expectations from birth is very common.