The American People and the American Revolution
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This essay will talk about the main point and details of the American Revolution and American People. Which is where the Americans get Independence from the British. The main topics that it will inform in this essay is the Second Continental Army, the Declaration of Independence, and the Surrender of Yorktown which were important events that lead to Independence of the Americans. Also what the British did to the Americans like taxation with the products they used a lot back then like tea, stamps, and sugar and the Boston Massacre which was a fire against the Americans.
But there was important people that help during this time which were like Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, and John Adams, each and one of these people had an important role that helped in the American Revolution. As well it informs how the British felt and what they did in their part to fight the Americans. And the type of people there was in the American Revolution, the Patriots and the Loyalist which had two completely different view towards the British. In brief this essay will talk about the development of America into their independence.
The American Revolution was the start of forming America. This revolution was between the British which is Great Britain and the American colonist rebelling against them. The American Revolution was a war of the Americans getting their independence from the British. Because of various reasons like taxes, massacres, and the government. But it all began with taxation, which the British were assessing Americans with Acts which were British laws. Some of those laws were, The Stamp Act which was taxing on paper like birth certificates, degrees, and licenses. The Tea Act which was taxes on tea, and The Sugar Act which was taxes on sugar, these products are used a lot back then but created the colonist to get enraged and hate the British. The intent behind these taxations was because of the debt that the British had from The French and Indian War”. The British thought that they had every right to tax the colonist yet some colonist would say No taxation without representation. A reason was that the British government was Monarchy which is a form of government where a king, queen, or a certain person rules the country. In that time Era of the Revolution, George III was king of Great Britain. Another reason was the economy that the British had which was Mercantilism where the mother country controls the economy where it imports, exports or buy, sell and what country to trade with it. But with all of these British actions, it caused the Americans to revolt, and hatted getting controlled by the British and Americans had no saying and were trapped. With all of these British doings, it caused the Boston Massacre on March 5, 1770, which is where British soldiers shoot five American colonists because Americans began protesting against the British. As the soldiers went to trial they were not guilty for shooting the colonist and got the colonist enraged. Later on, there was the battle on April 19, 1775, which was The Battle of Lexington and Concord this was the first battle of the American Revolution and which the American colonist won.
One of the main topics is the Second Continental Congress which played a big important role in the American Revolution towards its independence. Afterward, what the British had done to the Americans and the battle of Lexington and Concord happened. The Americans organized the Second Continental Congress it was held on May 10, 1775. It was a conference where the delegates from the Second Continental Congress were deciding if they would fight for their independence or reconcile with the British. Many voted for independence from the British. The Second Continental Congress took more action than the First Continental Congress. Because by the Second Continental Congress created the Continental Army, which is a military force that fought for the American independence. The Second Continental Congress choose George Washington as the general of the Continental Army. George Washington was an excellent strategic military general. After the Continental Army organized, the British felt threatened because the Americans were starting to fight back. Later on, the British got desperate and Virginia’s royal governor Lord Dunmore granted the slaves freedom those who would join the British army.Some significant influencers during the Second Continental Congress were Benjamin Franklin one of the Founding Fathers and wrote the “Albany Plan of Union” where it stated peace with the British but later on, was rejected. Another one was John Adams which also one of the Founding Fathers and was a lawyer and diplomat. An important flyer that was written by Thomas Paine on January 10, 1776, was the Common Sense. It was a message to the American colonist encouraging independence from the British and to join. American independence eventually was going to happen one way or another. In other words, American independence was on its way to being free. Also, A supporter of the American side was Richard Henry Lee he influenced the colonies to have independence from the British.
Another main topic was the Declaration Of Independence. The Declaration Of Independence was adopted on July 4, 1776. This document required time to be created and to officialize so it could take effect on the colonists and the British. The main message of the Declaration Of Independence was that the colonists were seeking independence from the British. Also, the document mentioned complaints and grievances mentioning like the taxes, massacres. The main author of this document was Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Jefferson was a lawyer and a young planter. The delegates that helped to write the Declaration Of Independence were John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert Livingston. Most of this men were educated and were Aristocats. The main statements that were significant on this document were life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness unalienable rights. During this time period, there were agreements and disagreements with the Declaration Of Independence. There were certain people, American Patriots or Rebels were people/colonist that wanted independence from the British, and there were American Loyalist or Tories which were American colonist that did not want independence from the British. The American Loyalist had reasons to be loyal to the British like some colonists feared the British, some supported the British, but the main reason was that the British offered the loyalist land and money. Then, the Americans Patriots offered the loyalist the same proposal of land and money, but some of the loyalists wouldn’t take the offer and the Patriots would see the loyalist as traitors. Then Patriots imprisoned the loyalist. The Loyalist leaders were Daniel Leonard, Joseph Galloway and William Franklin, which was the son of Benjamin Franklin. The Declaration Of Independence was a consequential confronting with the British and was a big threat to the British.
My last main topic is the Surrender at Yorktown. The Battle of Yorktown which is when the British finally surrender to the American Colonist. A big victory to the Americans because they finally had independence. The Battle of Yorktown lasted from September 28, 1781, to October 19, 1781. This victory was made from General George Washington, the Continental Army and the alliance of the French. Later on, when they had independence from the British, the American pride got bigger and bigger because of the victory. To end the war with the British, they had to sign the Treaty of Paris 1783 which was an agreement ending the American Revolution. Then soon enough George Washington became the first president of the United States. The British didn’t give an easy fight to the Americans this revolution lasted 7 years with a lot of chaos. To summarize, the American Revolution was the development of America and the causes of the Americans to be independent from the British. For instance the Stamp Act, Sugar Act, Boston Massacre. However the Americans needed support to defeat or go against the British which was The Second Continental Congress, and the Continental Army. In addition they were certain important people that helped bring the victory which were Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, George Washington. Furthermore, the Declaration of Independence was their notice to the British, and the victory that finalized was the Battle of Yorktown. America kept continue on to be independent it went through a lot to be the country it is today.