Terrorism Effect on a Muslims
The best proof is that the person suspected of being responsible for the September 11 terrorism launched in the World Trade Center, Osama bin Laden, is one of the richest men in the world. Instead, of using his wealth to educate the Afghans, he is taking advantage of their ignorance to utilize them for his terrorism activities.
In Afghanistan, it is a crime for a man to shave, or for a woman to get an education. Television and the playing of music are outlawed, but the bombing of the Twin Towers is not only endorsed, world terrorists are given haven and protection.
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The four freedoms as summarized by President Franklin D. Roosevelt sixty years ago were freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom from fear and want. Ironically enough, those are the very freedoms in contention in the war against world terrorists today. Islam is a venerable religion, the Koran condemns terrorism.
It is wrong to refer to the Talibans as Muslim fundamentalists. Fundamentalism means “strict maintenance of ancient or fundamental doctrines of all religions, particularly Islam.” Osama bin Laden and the Taliban are not observing the basic teachings of Islam; they are misinterpreting it for their wicked purpose. Poverty has been defined as “the lack of ability, in any given circumstance, to get whatever is necessary for comfortable living.” Education can provide the necessary ability. And as Mark Twain said, education consists mainly in what we have learned. That is what the Afghans will have to undergo an unlearning experience. Shaving one’s beard does no person any harm. Music is what comes closest to expressing the inexpressible. And television does not house graven images.
The war against poverty will have to begin with the poverty in the mind. Bin Laden’s billions did not make him humane. He has done very little to uplift the plight of the Afghans. Instead, he used his money and influence to inflict the worst terror ever experienced in the United States. A person’s mind not his possessions is what reflects his soul. It is the reflection of the person. Money is a great servant but deadly master.
Poverty Cause Terrorism
Countries in an intermediate range of political rights experience a greater risk of terrorism than countries either with a very high degree of political rights or than severely authoritarian countries with very low levels of political rights.”
After the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, politicians and policy experts drew a quick and intuitive line between terrorism and poverty. Much of the existing academic literature on conflict suggested that poverty increased the likelihood of political coups and civil war, so conflating terrorism with poor economic conditions seemed logical. Indeed, just a few weeks following 9/11, then U.S.
Controlling for the level of political rights, fractionalization, and geography, Abadie concludes that per capita national income is not significantly associated with terrorism. He finds, though, that lower levels of political rights are linked to higher levels of terrorism countries with the highest levels of political rights are also the countries that suffer the lowest levels of terrorism. However, the relationship between the level of political rights and terrorism is not a simple linear one. Countries in an intermediate range of political rights experience a greater risk of terrorism than countries either with a very high degree of political rights or than severely authoritarian countries with very low levels of political rights.
Why this relationship? Abadie offers two possibilities. “On the one hand, the repressive practices commonly adopted by autocratic regimes to eliminate political dissent may help [keep] terrorism at bay,” he explains. “On the other hand, intermediate levels of political freedom are often experienced during times of political transitions, when governments are weak, political instability is elevated, so conditions are favorable for the appearance of terrorism.” Finally, this study reveals that geographic factors — such as measures of average elevation, tropical weather, and country area — are also powerful predictors of terrorism
Unlike other recent studies on the causes of terrorism, Abadie’s work explores not only transnational instances of terrorism but also domestic ones. This difference is telling: In 2003, the MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base reported only 240 cases of transnational terrorism compared to 1,536 instances of domestic terrorism. Furthermore, Abadie suggests that the determinants of transnational and domestic terrorism may differ. “Much of modern-day transnational terrorism seems to generate from grievances against rich countries,” he writes. “In addition, in some cases terrorist groups may decide to attack property or nationals of rich countries in order to gain international publicity. As a result, transnational terrorism may predominantly affect rich countries. The same is not necessarily true for domestic terrorism.”
ISLAMIC TERRORISM AND LAKE OF UNITY
A few terms that are important to the study of violence in Islam are: terrorism, religious terrorism, and Islamic terrorism. A discussion of these terms will permit a comprehensive analysis on the way in which the use of violence sanctioned by the Quran and its interpretations amounts to Islamic terrorism.
Discussion of the how Islamic terrorism is invoked from the Quran, will follow. However, preliminarily speaking Islamic terrorism exists where there is a controversy over sacred space 19.View all notes or a Quran tenet has been violated. Participants of this movement call for “unquestioned devotion [and] blind obedience20.View all notes to the word of God in order to ameliorate un-Islamic conditions.
A few Islamic terrorist groups are: Al-Jihad, Al-Qaida (Afghanistan), Hamas (Palestine), Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (Kashmir), and the Bashkir e-Tobias. And disunity also creates terrorism because it makes (disunity) classes between nations. It creates differences among us. Then these classes divide people according to their culture, according to their wealth, their status so this division produces hate between Muslim nations too. Disunity always is the cause of terrorism because of hate between nations.
Terrorism is a non-political act of aggression in which the extent of violence used is outside the realm of normative behavior. The Rationality of the Use of Terrorism by Secular and Religious Groups. View all notes Terrorists use or threaten to use this violence against combatants and non-combatants to achieve political, social, economic, or religious change within a given community. These reforms appeal to the terrorists and do not represent popular opinion of the society from which terrorism arises and terrorists are no respecters of borders. However the [UN] Security Council has, on occasion, adopted resolutions putting in place specific sanctions and measures against individual countries or certain terrorist organizations.
To understand religious terrorism, we need to clearly define what “religion is and how it operates in the context of this discussion. Religion can be generally described as an organization of beliefs and worldviews in relation to a supernatural being, but because it is an evolving concept, there is no precise and universally accepted definition of it. Certainly this definitional imprecision is a constant impediment in the struggle to understand terrorism, in general; that challenge is extended further as we look to understand religious manifestations of political violence.
Socially, religion often informs a person’s understanding of who they are and their relationship to the “other. In other words, it can be personal and collective, defining the difference between both “me and “you” as well as “us and “them. Jonathan Fox has suggested that religion fulfills four important social functions:
- Providing a meaningful framework for understanding the world,
- Providing rules and standards of behavior that link individual actions and goals to this meaningful framework,
- Linking individuals to a greater whole, sometimes providing formal institutions which help to define and organize that whole, and,
- Possessing the ability to legitimize actions and institutions. When considering what religion is and the role it plays in different societies, students of religious terrorism should remember that sacred texts very often provide the basis for religious beliefs.
Certainly interpretation and the local environment contribute to the understanding of what the religion is ‘about,’ but members of many religions will generally point to the text as their foundation. For instance, Judaism is based on a Jewish interpretation of the Hebrew Bible much the same text as the Old Testament of Christianity. Many of the themes (and indeed, figures) addressed in the Hebrew Bible can also be found in the Qur’an, the holy text of Islam. Judaism, Christianity and Islam, are known as the “Abrahamic religions because they all trace their lineage back to Abraham, and are primarily focused on an interpretation of their respective religious texts.
In contrast, though Hinduism and Buddhism also have religious texts, they do not place the same emphasis on textual authority as the Abrahamic religions. Slide 11 Religion’s Powerful Influence (continued) The major world religions are not the only ones to consider when thinking about religious terrorism, nor do religions need to be text-based in order to effectively motivate violence. Animist belief structures such as those tribal forms found in parts of Africa, South and North America, and elsewhere have surged in popularity in the post-Enlightenment world. The ancient neo-pagan Norse and Swedish Viking religion is still practiced, known as “Odinism or “Asatru. Right-wing groups have increasingly used these religions, often in a prison setting, to support racist and violent actions because they have a racial and violent focus.
While the Abrahamic religions have been most commonly linked to religio us terrorism, neo-Pagan, animist, and other religious movements have also been effective in motivating religious terrorism. In these cases the religion becomes, as Bruce Hoffman has described, “a thin veneer covering the political, ethnic and other motivations for violence that the group wishes to carry out. Thus, even without the support of sacred text, religion itself acts as a strong group identifier, drawing a distinct line between who ‘we’ are and who ‘they’ are. In this view, enemies become easily defined and Quran verses
Quran (2:244) – “Then fight in the cause of Allah, and know that Allah Hearth and knoweth all things.”
(4:76) Those who have faith fight in the way of Allah, while those who disbelieve fight in the way of taghut (Satan).105 Fight, then, against the fellows of Satan. Surely Satan’s strategy is weak.106