The United States Board of Education should Adopt Total Comprehensive Sex Education
Hello Judge. My name is Preston Peterson, and I am the first speaker for the affirmative side of the following resolution: The United States Board of Education should adopt total comprehensive sex education. Sex education is primarily defined as “any process dedicated to providing information about sexual techniques, practices, and health or human sexuality” (“Sex Education,” 2015). The majority of schools face issues involving the practice of informing youth about medically accurate information regarding their bodies without exceeding parental boundaries. The idea of teaching sex education should be about giving Americans the knowledge of how to use the information provided to protect their health; allowing them to make decisions that could be beneficial for future circumstances that may occur. Our opponents are against the teaching of comprehensive sex education so they will be arguing the fact that abstinence teaching is the most effective way to teach sex education. Proposition 1. Comprehensive sex education should reduce teen pregnancy; Proposition 2. Comprehensive sex education should enable a better understanding of a teenager’s mind about the topic of sex.
Through the implementation of comprehensive sex education, it has been shown that it reduces teen pregnancy. The states that continue to push the abstinence method discovered that they have higher birth rates than those who take a more comprehensive approach. For example, “Alabama places a heavy emphasis on abstinence and in 2017 there were 27 births per every 1000 teen girls compared to a state that favored a more comprehensive standpoint. New York only has 12.5 births per every 1000 teen girls compared to abstinence-only teaching methods” (Office of Adolescent Health, 2019). This form of education teaches that “abstinence is the best method for avoiding STDs and unintended pregnancy, but also teaches about condoms and contraception to reduce the risk of unintended pregnancy and of infection with STDs, including HIV” (Alford, 2009). It has also been noted that “youth who receive consistent sex education throughout the school is about 70 percent more likely to use contraceptive methods than students who experience less frequent sexual education” (Comprehensive, 2013, p. 25). This is also proven in a 2011 study conducted by three professors. In the study, they researched the effects that comprehensive sex education places on the economy. For example:
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The study not only reestablishes that comprehensive sex education programs increase contraception use but also “[indicates] that the program is cost-efficient and demonstrates its net benefits based on its long-term impact” In regard to abstinence education, it found that “sexual abstinence helps society avoid the associated public welfare, socioeconomic, and medical/health-care costs of such pregnancies” (Comprehensive, 2013, p. 27).
The expense that comprehensive sex education offers to our communities is greatly exceeded by the advantages it provides to an adolescent’s physical and emotional well being (Comprehensive, 2013, p. 27).
One of the misconceptions that people have about this method of sexual education is the idea that it promotes sexual activity at an early age; which is not the case at all (Comprehensive, 2013, p. 24). If one has a basic understanding of psychology they would clearly understand that the more you prohibit an individual or group of people from doing something that they desire the more they are going to want to act upon that need. This occurs because people want to feel as if they are in control of their own lives. It is in our human nature to be curious of the world that embodies us as a whole, and when someone discourages that, we feel as if our freedom is threatened (Grant, 2013). The result often leads to the participant doing as they wish with no regard of the consequences that can lead afterward. This method of sex education also “provides values-based education and offers students the opportunity to explore and define their individual values as well as the values of their families and communities” (Alford, 2009). A broad range of topics are also included into the discussion such as “human development, relationships, interpersonal skills, sexual expression, sexual health, society, and culture” (Alford, 2009). Nevertheless:
In a 2001 report titled No Easy Answers, Dr. Douglas Kirby “concluded that HIV-prevention and sexuality education programs that cover both abstinence and contraception can delay the onset of sexual intercourse, reduce the frequency of sexual intercourse, and reduce the number of sexual partners” By simply giving students a “greater practical knowledge about sexual health,” the rise of STIs among youth and young adults can be stopped and, if possible, the number of future STIs can be lowered. (Comprehensive, 2013, p. 25)
According to the Advocates for Youth organization, their research indicated “that education about condoms does not lead to increased rates of sexual initiation, lower the age of sexual initiation, or increase sexual activity among young people” (Comprehensive, 2013, p. 24). If anything, it actually does the opposite. Those in favor of supporting abstinence-only sex education, “teach the myth that condoms and other types of sexual protection do not work, and “will not necessarily prevent students from having sexual intercourse but will likely prevent them from using protection” (Comprehensive, 2013, p. 24). Not giving the necessary information required to youth will ultimately lead to more cases of STDs and teen pregnancies being presented into society as well as a higher level of misconceptions regarding the topic of sex education. In order to prevent the youth from consequences such as these, the teaching of comprehensive sex education throughout their school life will allow them to gain a better understanding of themselves and the world around them for the better of our future.
In advancing and educating comprehensive sex instruction, teachers center on the student’s whole prosperity, instead of essentially contending against any sexual encounters totally. There are other comprehensive sex instruction programs, named “abstinence-plus,” which advance restraint in a comprehensive and express environment; one that advances abstinent behaviors but does not avoid vital lessons on sexual and relationship matters. Supporters of comprehensive sex instruction programs in open schools claim that their positive impact incorporates results such as making a difference, people select and get ready for grown-up roles; strengthening family life, both at the display and within the future; empowering capable behavior; and expanding acknowledgment of and resilience for assorted ways of life. One of the primary functions of comprehensive sex instruction programs is to provide understudies viable exhortation to utilize in circumstances that might happen in social settings among their peers and afterward in their lives as well (Comprehensive, 2013, p. 23). Thank you for your time judge, and please vote affirmative.
- Alford, S. (Ed.). (2009, January 28). Sex Education Programs: Definitions & Point-by-Point Comparison. Retrieved from https://advocatesforyouth.org/resources/fact-sheets/sex-education-programs-definitions-and-point-by-point-comparison/
- Comprehensive v. Abstinence-Only Sex Education in Public Schools: A Debate over Individual Health and Religious Belief, 13-33. (2013). Retrieved from https://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:i0VZ-7rDEWkJ:https://journals.iupui.edu/index.php/spea/article/download/16413/pdf_4/ &cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us.
- Grant, A., & LinkedIn. (2013, August 14). Why People Often Do The Exact Opposite Of What They’re Told. Retrieved from https://www.businessinsider.com/why-people-dont-follow-directions-2013-8
- Office of Adolescent Health. (2019, March 28). Trends in Teen Pregnancy and Childbearing. Retrieved from https://www.hhs.gov/ash/oah/adolescent-development/reproductive-health-and-teen-pregnancy/teen-pregnancy-and-childbearing/trends/index.html
- Sex Education. (2015, August 25). Retrieved from https://www.goodtherapy.org/blog/psychpedia/sex-education