School Segregation Problem in the United States
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, Segregation is the enforced separation of different racial groups in a country, community or establishment.In the United States there was segregation throughout the country and in schools.Schools were racially segregated which was unconstitutional.It was the community and its district lines which caused segregation in schools.One Example of segregation in the community is Plessy v. Ferguson, this was a court case between Homer A. Plessy who was ? black and John H. Ferguson.In Louisiana there was a law which required Whites and African Americans to be in separate cars.In 1892 Plessy was African African American and was working with other African Americans.He was on the train and the company realized that Plessy was in the wrong car.Plessy refused to leave the white car and move to the African American Car.Plessy was arrested for disobeying and breaking the law.This took place in 1892 and May 18,1996 in Louisiana and the Supreme Court.In this case Plessy argued that his equal rights under the law were denied.Which led him to challenge the 14th amendment.The 14th amendment defines what It means to be a citizen,In simplified terms All persons born in the United States or naturalized cannot be denied of any rights and privileges contained in the Constitution.During 1950s and 60s the civil rights movement was launched.
The Civil Rights movement was launched for African Americans to gain equal rights under the law. As part of the Civil Rights Movement, lawyers and students challenged segregation in court. According to the cases of Brown v. Board of Education and Taylor v. Board of Education the United States addressed school segregation to a good extent in the North as well as the South.
Oliver Brown, an African American church minister who had a seven year old daughter.Just to go to school,his daughter has to travel many miles and also cross a rail track just to go to school.There was a school near Oliver’s house but he wasn’t able to send her there just because it was an All white School and she was black.The Primary party in this situation became the NAACP.A team of NAACP Attorneys brought a case against the Board of Education.
A decision that freed whites as well as blacks,and so there is a reason to celebrate”These Sources showed what life was before this case and the result and celebration after this impact.Some impacts of this case include the ending of “separate but equal” and schools began to integrating students.
Then came Taylor vs Board of Education.During the 1960s there was a protest from African American students that went to Lincoln School.This school was operated by the Board of Education of New Rochelle.With an enrollment around 94% Blacks, the Board of Education racially segregated the school by Violating the 14th Amendment as well as Gerrymandering.With Gerrymandering Whites would be excluded and allowed to go to other Schools like Webster or Mayflower.The board still continued segregating until this case was brought to Court.This made in the Newspaper at that time.Folsom, Merrill. “Negro Principal Rebuffs Negroes.” New York Times, 16 Sept. 1960.This Article shared that the Schools refused to enroll thirteen Negro pupils.Lincoln is going to replaced by a 1.300,000 Structure and the Negro parents are on Strike because of Racial Imbalance.Historians had a lot to Say about this conflict.“The Inheritance.” The Inheritance, by Samuel G. Freedman, Simon & Schuster, 1996, pp. 152–153.This stated “Little Rock of the North”contained a black slum of “squad dwellings without sanitary facilities” as well as Knock down the current Lincoln School a relic from 1898 and build a new school.New Rochelle burst into violent opposition.One Eyewitness, Dr Clish has to say “I do not believe in playing God and sorting people according to race,color and creed.The abolition of our school districts could be redistributed according to color would be completely un-American.”New Rochelle wasn’t violent during this time but they shared their opinion in many ways including protesting.Folsom, Merrill. “Negro Principal Rebuffs Negroes.” New York Times, 16 Sept. 1960.
According to United States District Court. Taylor v. Board of Education of City School District. Federal Supplement; Volume 191, 1961.The court concluded that the Board of Education Of New Rochelle created the school in order to segregate by gerrymandering of district lines and transfers of Whites.Some term impacts include ending “Separate but equal” Blacks gaining more equality and segregation was slowed.
To Conclude According to the cases of Brown v. Board of Education and Taylor v. Board of Education the United States addressed school segregation to a good extent in the North as well as the South.The United States addressed both cases to a good extent ending “separate but equal” and slowing segregation in Public Facilities.With the courts results everyone was happy in the end.One long term impact of these cases resulted Up till this day not all schools in New Rochelle had fulfilled integration.For Example New Rochelle High school there’s little things that makes the school somewhat separate.Same with most schools in New Rochelle or anywhere in the Country.Nationality , for the most part, segregation in public facilities are gone,there’s integration but there’s always little things that’s going seem separate.Without the United States Addressing this situation a good extent life wouldn’t be the same today.
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School Segregation Problem in the United States. (2021, Apr 10). Retrieved from https://papersowl.com/examples/school-segregation-problem-in-the-united-states/
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