Role of Women and Men in Professional Sphere

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Updated: Mar 28, 2022
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On June 10, 1963, the equal pay act bill was passed preventing any business to unfairly wage workers based on sex. The law states that “No employer having employees subject to any provisions of this section shall discriminate, within any establishment in which such employees are employed, between employees on the basis of sex by paying wages to employees in such establishment at a rate less than the rate at which he pays wages to employees of the opposite sex in such establishment for equal work on jobs, the performance of which requires equal skill, effort, and responsibility, and which are performed under similar working conditions, except where such payment is made pursuant to (i) a seniority system; (ii) a merit system; (iii) a system which measures earnings by quantity or quality of production; or (iv) a differential based on any other factor other than sex.

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” men and women should be paid the same because It’s a worldwide Problem , Women Should Not Have to Choose Between being a mother and getting paid , and Equal Pay Can Help End Poverty.

Others argue that men and women should not be paid the same because there are more men than women in the workforce, women are usually in low-income service jobs and women are less educated than men, getting lower degrees and earning compared to men. However, these statements are false because “nearly 71 million women are employed and makeup 47% of the labor force. Women make up large percentages of managerial, professional, technical and related occupations. In fact, 55% of working women are employed in professional and technical jobs.” (Why women don’t deserve equal pay 2017, February.) Women graduating college has increased 120% between 1976 and 2014, and now surpasses that of men by about 3 million. women have been getting more advanced degrees than men since 1981.”women have been earning more doctoral degrees than men since 2006, They earned 52% of doctoral degrees in 2014, up from 11% in 1971 and women account for 47% of law school students, up from 4.2% in 1963, and the number of women in medical school has increased from 6% in 1960 to 48% in 2016.” (Why women don’t deserve equal pay 2017, February.)

“More than 145 countries have documented a gender pay gap according to the World Economic Forum. Its 2015 study outlines an important topic; what amounts to wage difference later in life in some cases, can start early in life with differences in access to higher education, political influence, and work opportunities.”(Press Releases. n.d.). Sexism is directly associated with financial inequality, which can weaken the sustainability of growth in a country. Women who don’t get equal pay directly add to economic inequality, greater holes in the labor force and contribution rates between women and men lead to inequality of pay, unfair income, and earnings. Ending the sex wage gap between men and women can result in higher equality for the general savings distribution. Caregiving and childbirth should be a joint responsibility between both parents, however, women still tackle the majority of the parenting duties everywhere. “Additionally from having to take time off of work for being a mother, the inequality pay gap continues to be sexist when women return to their jobs.

Women have earned a third less after childbearing, while men earn 6% more after having children. Globally, the income gap is greater for women with kids.” Emir, A. (2018). 5. “In sub-Saharan African and South Asia, women earn over 30% less than men once they have children. This is double the gender wage gap of single women in these regions. On average, caregivers miss 6.6 work days a year,” (10 Reasons Women Need Equal Pay, And Are Still Fighting For It. N.d.). The loss of income contributes to a bigger price for businesses around $17 to $33 billion a year. And since it is not possible to get rid of children or parents, out of the time leaving their jobs is a devastating parent’s last resort. Even though the FMLA (Family Medical Leave Act) lets their parent workers take up to about three-month leave from their workplace, most mothers don’t get any income during that period. And for the mothers who overwhelmingly have to leave work permanently due to parent duties, the estimated total loss is to be around $324,000 for women (including any taxes they would have earned) and only a little less for men. Parent responsibility is today’s problem just like caregiving was in the 1980s.

Employers need to realize and adjust to the reality that so many moms today have important parenting responsibilities at their home. Because at the end of the day when it comes to deciding between jobs and children, there is absolutely no choice at all. Removing the gender pay gap can give between $12 trillion and $28 trillion to world GDP by 2025. This is a severe opportunity for men and women to equalize their pay. Another report indicates that poverty could fall by 50% in America if the gender wage gap were to close. Relentless income inequality for women that are working leads to lower salaries, lower house incomes, and increased poverty within families with a working woman, this does not have a small impact on working families. Approximately 71 percent of all moms in America work for income. About two-thirds of the 71 percent are married and usually have access to their husband’s earnings, but a married women’s income is indeed vital to family support. One-third are single moms and are mostly the only income they have for their family.

And some without kids, both single and married, work to provide for themselves and other members of the family. So, who wins and who loses by having this routine of unequal income? Well, its crystal clear who loses: every woman in this workforce. Although what may not be so obvious is how much the government takes a loss also. “Pretend 45 million women work; assume they lose at least $900 a month in result to the pay gap, and let’s say the minimum tax rate is 11%.”(dpeaflcio) So, who actually wins? There is no other answer than, corporate America and they win a lot. By restraining the working women’s income, they increase their wages and lower the pay to the government in taxes, and pay way less in worker addition to income plans for all women.“If women are expected to do the same work as men, we must teach them the same things.”-Plato considering women are now performing the same work and being taught the same steps as men wouldn’t it be about time that they were being paid the same income?

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Role of Women and Men in Professional Sphere. (2021, May 14). Retrieved from