Role of Indian Reservations
“In 1851, the United States Congress passed the Indian Appropriations Act which authorized the creation of Indian reservations in modern-day Oklahoma. Relations between settlers and natives had grown increasingly worse as the settlers encroached on territory and natural resources in the West. Most of the tribal land base in the United States was set aside by the federal government as Native American Reservations. In California, about half of its reservations are called Rancherias. In New Mexico, most reservations are called Pueblos. Native American reservations were beneficial to the Native Americans because they minimized conflict between Indians and settlers.
An Indian reservation is land reserved for and managed by a Native American tribe, its limited by federal and state or local law. Today, there are roughly 300 reservations in the United States. Treaties signed between American Indians and Colonial powers in the 17th and 18th centuries, and then between tribes and American officials in the late 18th and 19th centuries, resulted time and again in either the reduction of lands or the relocation of Native Americans from their ancestral homes to designated areas where they lived and governed with limited independence. “Prior to his presidency, Jackson was called ‘Sharp Knife’ by the Indians he had battled on the frontier, In his political life afterward, he was a tenacious architect for the removal of Native Americans from the states and white settlements in the territories.” This text citation proves how President Andrew Jackson had battled on the frontier with the Indians and was removing the Native Americans from the states and moving the white settlements in the territories. “Tens of thousands of Native Americans were relocated to Indian Territory (to an area now part of Oklahoma) throughout the 1830s. Some tribes left without conflict, but many were ultimately driven by force from their ancestral land.” In the 1830s Native Americans were moved to a different Indian Territory. Some left without trouble but others left with conflict. “Most members of the Cherokee Nation were forcibly removed from parts of North Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia, and Alabama on what they called The Trail of Tears. Many became ill and thousands died during the arduous crossing.” The Trail of Tears includes; North Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia, and Alabama. People became very sick and thousands died because of this effect. This source will help me address my thesis because the backstory of the tribes lets you learn more about what happened and realize how much the reservations changed since the 17th, 18th, and the 19th Century.
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Those Indians who remained in the East in 1820 dwelled for the mot part peacefully and quietly in a few small, scattered areas, primarily in the Southeast. There little communities were surrounded on all sides roughly 8.1 million white Americans and about 1.5 million black slaves. So the Native Americans counted for a specified one eight of the region’s total population. In the text it states,“ One reason for this hostile attitude was a lingering fear of Indians among many whites. At some future time, the argument went, one of the tribes might rise up and murder its white neighbors, a notion clearly based on the stereotype of the savage Indian.” (page 30)This text citation proves my reasoning because it shows different reason for the hostile and the Indians among Whites. In the book it states, “Also, if those ‘wretched savages’ could not stay in the East, it logically followed that they must go somewhere else. Furthermore, most whites held, if the Indians would not agree to leave of their own accord, they would have to be forcibly removed.”(page 32) This quote explains my reasoning because if the Indians would not agree to leave of their own accord, they would forcibly be removed. Most Indians would be removed peaebly but if they don’t follow rules, they would be forced out. In the source it states, “The growing sentiment for ridding the East of its remaining Indians was not based on any particular political speech or writing by any single white leader. Rather, the case for creating a formal, legislated Indian removal policy was made in a cumulative manner by several white leaders over the course of close to three decades Thomas Jefferson led the war.” (page 32) This citation proves how the growing sentiment was not based on any particular speech or written by any single white leader. This source will help me address my thesis statement, because the book doesn’t just focus on the action of the American Indians, it gives background information with what happened before and after the relocation.
Reservations have been a fundamental aspect of Native American existence for more than two centuries. For some, reservations are a living reminder of European American colonialism and nation building exacted against indigenous people. Others insist that reservations today are the last remaining stronghold of sovereignty and cultural traditions. Insures the perpetuation of Native American survival. In the text it states, “While the competing European colonial powers involved political and legal mechanisms to deal with questions of Native American land title, the United States essentially followed the British model. The core principle was that Native American societies possessed a natural right to the soil as its original occupants.” This text explains how the United States followed the British model while the Indian Reservations were in the process of moving. The core principle made a natural right to the soil as its original occupants. In the cite it states, “Indigenous lands must be acquired by purchase, primarily negotiated through treaties and agreements.
In addition to the treaties, the United States government used the concept of discover, the rite of conquest, and military force to incorporate indigenous lands into the national fold.” The quote explains how everything was ordered with the beginning of the Indian Reservations. The Indians had things change for them when they switched lands. Military force incorporated indigenous lands into the national fold. In the text it states, “In both the colonial period an the years that followed the American Revolution, reservations were an outgrowth of government land acquisition. Before the Revolution, various colonies created reservations that were subsequently recognized by legislatures as Indian reserves. The Second Continental Congress in 1775 established an Indian Department to deal with Indian affairs. After independence, the United States adopted a national.” The text explains how the American Revolution were an outgrowth to the government. The Second Continental Congress was established an Indian Department after Independence. To wrap up congress acted to create a policy of removal that would relocate Native Americans to “reserved lands” west of the Mississippi. President Andrew Jackson was the principal of this policy, declaring in 1830 that “Humanity has often wept over the fate of the aborigines of this country.”In Conclusion, by minimizing the conflict between Indians and settlers, Native American reservations were beneficial to the Native Americans.”