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This paper illustrates the different types of contraceptives available to the public. We studied each different type of birth control and show the reader which method best suits their needs in protection. Throughout this paper, it covers the pros and cons of each different birth control measure to give the reader the best knowledge about each birth control method. This paper covers contraceptives available for both men and women. STD’s, teenage pregnancy, and hormonal imbalances can be very common if birth control is used incorrectly.
It shows the reader the best ways to use each type of birth control method to eliminate the risk for most of these adverse effects. This paper strives to highlight the importance of birth control measures by listing the statistics of STD’s that are on the rise, the number of teenage pregnancies that has risen drastically in our own state, and the number of unplanned pregnancies that result from the neglect of birth control. Each birth control method is different and have a different percentage of effectiveness, which are listed for each method. Both male and female need to be taught and understand each type, so they can choose the type of birth control method fit for them.
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There are many different methods used to prevent the misuse of birth control, STDs, and teenage and unwanted pregnancies. According to Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance Survey (YRBSS) data, “about 50% of ninth to 12th graders reported having sexual intercourse in 2011” (Nobiling). From ages 12-20, it is especially important for these adolescents and young adults to be educated about birth control measures and how to prevent unwanted consequences without it. Those in which include, but are not limited to: birth control pills, male and female condoms, IUDs, contraceptive patches, arm implants, and abstinence. According to “Trends in Teen Pregnancies” written by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, there were 18.8 births for every 1,000 females between the ages 15-19 in 2017; ages 15-19 account for 5% of all births recorded in 2017. Not only is unwanted and teen pregnancy a result from the misuse and disregard for birth control, but Sexual Transmitted Diseases (STDs) are a major issue today. According to the World Health Organization, there are almost four hundred million new sexually transmitted infections detected every year, and over 1 million of those STDs are being acquired every day.
To lessen the chances of getting pregnant and to also manage your periods, females can be given an option to be placed on birth control pills. Birth control pills are considered an effective oral contraceptive method, that contain estrogen and progesterone to do such. Females taking birth control need to be educated on how to properly take pills and be taught on why they are using them. It is important that nurses educate them to take it every day at the same time. Nine percent is an effective rate of pregnancy, but birth control pills are not a guarantee by any means (Gupta 2019). Couples should consider other alternatives such as using two types of birth control methods, for example, taking the pill and using a condom to avoid getting pregnant and getting STDs.
One of the most commonly heard of and used birth control method is the condom. There is a male and a female condom; with the male of course covering the penis not allowing the sperm to release into the vagina reaching to the ovum, and the female condom which is inserted into the vagina having the same effect as the male condom. A male and female condom cannot be used at the same time due to the materials they are made of. The materials can rub together causing friction leading them to tear, thus becoming ineffective. According to KidsHealth.org, ”15 out of 100 typical couples who use male condoms will have an accidental pregnancy” (Hirsch 2018). Providing education to male and females, is very important in that they know how to use the condom properly. Based on this, it can be understood that condoms are not to be solely reliable sources of pregnancy prevention. There is a common issue in society that creates a heavy reliance on condoms, especially with adolescents and young adults. “About 21 out of 100 couples who use female condoms will have an accidental pregnancy” (Hirsch 2018). While yes, condoms are a means of protection, they shouldn’t be the first thing you go for when looking for a safe sex measure.
Another commonly used birth control measured, used by many females today is the IUD; IUD stands for intrauterine device. According to KidsHealth.org, “An intrauterine device (IUD) is a piece of T-shaped plastic, about the size of a quarter, that is placed inside the uterus to prevent pregnancy” (Hirsch 2018). There are two different types of IUD’s available: copper and hormonal. Most people use condoms or birth control, but IUD’s statistically have a more favorable rate of success. Because IUDs are not commonly or taught to adolescents, they often use birth control measures that they are used to that are not as effective such as the condom. IUDs would be a great option discussed to young adults and teens to prevent unwanted pregnancies because it lasts for so many years and it does not require and any care (Hirsch 2018).
A birth control method not often seen, and is newer to the market is the contraceptive patch. It works like any transdermal patch would by releasing anti-pregnancy hormones into the body slowly over the course of 3 weeks. The patch is placed on the skin of the belly, upper arm, butt, or back so that it will not be pulled off before they should be removed. The likelihood of becoming pregnant while on the patch is less than 1% when used correctly and on a consistent basis.
The birth control arm implant is very common in today’s female population. Known to be one of the most effective ways to prevent pregnancy, this device is implanted into the inside of the arm and releases specific hormones into the body that suppress the hormones that lead to pregnancy. Arm implants stay in place up to three years then must be replaced. There are some disadvantages to the implant such as bruising of the insertion sight, and some tenderness that can last for up to a week. If you aren’t the best at being regimented in taking pills at the same time every day, or replacing a patch every three weeks then the implant may be for you.
There are many ways to practice safe sex that we have talked about. The one and only way to 100% avoid pregnancy and STDs is to practice abstinence. Webster’s dictionary defines abstinence as, “the practice of abstaining from something: the practice of not doing or having something that is wanted or enjoyable.” It takes diligence and perseverance to abstain from sex, especially with peer pressure during the adolescent years, but it is very much possible and is the best method there is to avoid these consequences.
Causes of Problem
Because of lack of education today about birth control methods and proper technique, teenagers and young adults are paying the price of sexually transmitted diseases and unwanted pregnancies. There is a lack of protection during sexual activity used without the proper education from parents, schools, and health care providers that will lead these people to obtain these unwanted consequences. Birth control is often a subject that teens and young adults are not quite comfortable talking to other people about apart from their peers. Getting information from other adolescents and doing things based on what they see on television is not always the most reliable source.
The World Health Organization (WHO) is a great resource to learn about prevention, treatment, and other statistics about the risks when practicing unsafe sex. According the WHO, “Unsafe sex is ranked second among the top ten risk factors to health in terms of the burden of disease they cause.” Unsafe sex and misusing birth control without the proper teaching is affecting today’s society in so many ways by causing so many problems that can easily be fixed with the many birth control methods discussed.
Educating people about birth control is such an easy task that is often neglected. Without the proper education, there are so many consequences paid that not many realize could have been easily fixed. From using condoms, to the birth control pill there is always a better chance of preventing STDs and pregnancy better than there is with unprotected sex. Abstinence like discussed before, is a 100% effective measure to prevent these things, and is often forgotten about and rejected. It is very important to get the most accurate information when it comes to birth control even it is from a health department website, although a health care provider would be best.
It is also essential for the patient to know what birth control device or measure will be best for them, the different methods, how those methods may fail, and how patients can lessen the risks of those failures. It can be very difficult for people to decide which method is best for them. Going to a healthcare provider can give the best options and resources there is available and a nurse or doctor can tailor what options are preferred and can still be effective. It all begins with the correct teaching from the most reliable source.
Implications of nursing
As a nurse, teaching is a major part of the occupation itself. Most patients rely on the nurse to clarify, provide comfort, and explain to them what is going on with that patient’s health. Annual checkups and STD screening can be crucial to a patient’s life. For example, it is important that women attend their yearly Gynecologist appointments. Most women start going to these appointments starting at age 15, sometimes earlier.
These doctor visits are not to diagnose you, but to make sure your health is in good condition. During these visits, they are just checking to see if you are having menstrual issues such as heavier than usual bleeding, performing pap smears and other tests to detect certain cancers and STDs, and providing current lab reports on your overall health. Doctors will also often ask the patient if they are sexually active, and if they are then they will continue to ask questions on if they have problems with intercourse. Annual STD screenings at a local health department can benefit a patient to treat, get the proper education from the healthcare providers, and reducing the risk of unwanted infections.
In conclusion, there are several different birth control measures that can be taken to prevent the risk of unwanted STDs and pregnancies. A few of the birth control measures discussed include: birth control pills, male and female condoms, intrauterine devices (IUDs), the transdermal birth control patch, the birth control arm implant and the practice of Abstinence. Teenage pregnancies and STDs are taking today’s society by storm from lack proper education.