Martin Luther King and the Fight against Racism in the US
Racism is one of the social problems that have continued from the past centuries to the present. Even though the question of racism has changed throughout history, it always succeeds in finding a place in the daily hustle of human life. Racist and separatist policies take root and become traditional in society. If we say that idea about inequality in other words, racism is not at the core of society, it is learned later by individuals who make up society both past and recent years. Racism plays unpleasant role in the equality between people and privileges them by giving them racial rights they consider superior. Political conflicts, socio-economic reasons and the distribution of income among people are among the other reasons that constitute racism. The ideology of racism that moves with us and other opposites and exploitation order continues its progress by dominating the weak group. Racism, which has a long historical background, began by going to different countries and creating the ideologies that made the white people exploit to make their existence permanent. So, if we make it specific, racism was common in the US in the previous centuries, and it was obvious that the US was one of the best example for racism because there were both black and white people. If we focus on this ideology the main problem for black people was lack of civil rights which was not provided by white people to black group of people. Throughout history, racism disregards the equality between black and white people by depriving civil rights from black people, considering superiors race was white people and preferring to white people who they were oracle group.
First, if the discrimination was widespread problem in particular area or country, there were movements for eliminating inequality as well. This story was also true for the US. The best example for leader of this kind of movements who wanted to eliminate racism was Martin Luther King. Martin Luther King; the first thing that comes to mind when we hear this name is the famous speech which is called I have a dream… He made this speech on 28 August 1963 and he made this legendary speech in front of the Lincoln Memorial monument was actually like his autobiography of his life. During his speech, he talked about that everyone regardless of color of skin deserved civil rights for voting and freedom in order to live in equal nation. The all nation both white and black people should had citizenship rights as well. I chose some specific quotes from his famous speech, I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character. In his quote, he attempted to declare that it was time to make justice for all children. In spite of negativity, Luther had no intention of giving up passive resistance, and in 1968 he had planned to march on Washington by gathering all the poor and those who wanted to support them.
Furthermore, before this speech I mean before 1963 Martin Luther King had several accomplishments in discrimination as well. All story began in 1955 which was the beginning of his moves. By 1955, Luther’s war on racism was about to fall to history. In Montgomery, Alabama, the black girl was refused a courtesy on a white man, and the girl was charged with imprisonment. The Luther Montgomery Improvement Association was founded. This association, which aims to protect citizens’ rights, has called on the public to protest public transport. This struggle was removed in the shortest time by removing discrimination in public transport vehicles. In addition to this success, Luther began to gain fame all over the country and brought death threats and bomb attacks. Despite threats and attacks, Luther successfully organized black people’s movements. In 1957, he aimed to spread this success in Luther Montgomery all over the country and to stand against discrimination throughout the country. Furthermore, King was a beloved and respected person on account of what he was doing, and now he was a desperate man who wanted to be killed. Their actions were not only closely followed by the public, but also by the politicians. As a result, he was arrested in 1960 in Alabama. Luther’s arrest helped him gain recognition, reputation, and support throughout the country. But he was let free with help of John Kennedy. He never gave up, the arresting of himself encouraged him to struggle against racism. In the summer of 1963, Luther said; Two hundred and fifty thousand people gathered together in Washington Walk. Eventually, he made his I Have A Dream…speech. He concluded his speech with Let freedom ring from Stone Mountain of Georgia. Let freedom ring from Lookout Mountain of Tennessee. Let freedom ring from every hill and molehill of Mississippi, from every mountainside. Let freedom ring¦ So, to sum up, if we talk about 20th century movements which were against to racism and support for giving civil rights to all nation devoid of making discrimination, we can not not skip Martin Luther King role.