Many People have their own Beliefs
“Many people have their own beliefs in which they think it will lead them to happiness. While many are able to use their desires to achieve happiness, others get carried away, without taking account that not everyone will achieve the happiness they desire. Arthur Miller’s play, Death of a Salesman, tells a story about a family’s long-life failures of happiness and how they relied on the idea of their false beliefs just to get on with their lives. Willy is one of several characters in the family who continuously refused to let go his beliefs because he thought that it would bring happiness, even though if it never came. This results for Willy to be the major victim of the beliefs he thought would make him happy. Willy is the one to receive the greatest pity because he disorientedly believed in a false illusion of success in which he thought would make him happy, he slowly began deteriorating as he continued working, and recognized that he couldn’t set his sons to success, resulting in Willy to pity his sons for their lack of opulence.
When Willy’s sons were youngers, Willy was somewhat of a successful person, but wasn’t able to achieve the happiness he thought success would offer him. In the story, he worked as a full-time salesman, nearly always away from home. Willy would always brag to his young sons about how he was known, as he would state, “And they know me boys, they know me up and down New England. (Miller 31; Act 1). Willy does this to try to create an inspiration to his sons to demonstrate how amazing he was. However, the truth of his working conditions sets it, as Willy states that he is having trouble with picking up business.
Our writers can help you with any type of essay. For any subjectGet your price
How it works
This dialogue reflects Willy’s attempt to hide his struggles from work, even though the case is different when he is with his sons. The fact that he brags about how well he’s known when in reality, he struggles to be noticed by others, gives the reader the idea that Willy wants to be the role model for his sons, except he really can’t be true inspiration because he is not happy. This lack of happiness eventually leads to his mental self-destruction.
The family members noticing Willy’s abnormal actions signals his gradual deterioration, which further enables his lack of happiness. In several scenes, Willy seems to wander off, unable to fully focus. His lack of success as a salesman, as he is almost always away from home, has led him to slowly become mentally unstable. Linda, Willy’s wife, has gradually noticed his mental instability, while her, now full grown sons do not fully understand what is going on. Linda explains that
“He used to take six, seven calls a day in Boston. Now he takes his valises out of the car and puts them back and takes them out again…..Instead of walking he talks now….And what goes through a man’s mind, driving seven hundred miles home without earning a single cent?”(Miller 57; Act One). Linda uses the comparison between Willy’s past working efforts to what is currently happening to Willy to represent his gradual deterioration. The statement is also used to represent how Willy hasn’t been able to be happy with his job because he hasn’t been earning much. The whole idea that Willy hasn’t left his job makes it seem that he still believes that he could be successful and happy, even though that has not been the case. Yet, his job has been self-destructive towards him, as he is no longer able to handle the workload he was able to do so before. Willy’s job isn’t the only thing that has been enabling him to be mentally unstable. Both of his sons have noticed that he has been talking to himself, as the dialogue takes place:
The expression used “…still up in the air” refers to Biff’s insecurity regarding his future. The fact that Willy mumbles about Biff’s future insecurities makes the assumption that Willy is somehow concerned about Biff. Near the end, Willy recognizes that he couldn’t set his sons to success. At first, he had a conflict with one of his sons, Biff, because he refused to give up his beliefs about success.
Willy’s outburst, stating the first and last names of both Willy and Biff, represents his prowess, as if he is proud to be who he is. However, Willy is mixed with the illusion that he is successful, but in reality, he hasn’t been, which has led him to be unhappy in the first place. He eventually accepts what Biff told him, as Biff breaks down. By this point, Willy realizes that he was unable to set his sons to success, as he surrenders his angry attitude.
The dialogue represents Willy’s mental instability, as he believes he is talking to Willy’s brother, Ben, who is dead. Ben’s statement also has significance, as he states that “it’s dark there”, meaning that something bad is going to happen, but the result is going to be positive. The twenty thousand dollars Willy mentions is his life insurance that he was supposed to receive. However, since he recognizes that he wasn’t able to set his sons to success, he plans to give his life insurance coverage to Biff. The play concludes with Willy committing suicide so that Biff may receive Willy’s life insurance coverage.
Throughout the play, Willy struggled the most because he faced multiple obstacles just to try to be happy. For this reason, Willy is the one to receive the greatest pity because he disorientedly believed in a false illusion of success in which he thought would make him happy, he slowly began deteriorating as he continued working, and recognized that he couldn’t set his sons to success, resulting in Willy to pity his sons for their lack of opulence. From when his sons were young, he tried to be a role model for them to follow, even if his working background wasn’t the best. In the end, he recognized that he did not have the potential to set his sons to success, yet, he committed suicide to provide Biff the twenty-thousand dollars of life insurance he was supposed to receive. Willy’s lack of happiness can often be compared to the real world due to people’s daily struggles with finding happiness. People often question: How can I find happiness? How am I supposed to maintain it?”