Main Reasons of Seperation from Great Britain
The separation of the 13 colonies from Great Britain was absolutely vital for the well being of the colonist. The colonist separated themselves from a government in which they had no representation in and a government that did not fairly protect their natural rights that they believed every man was born with. Great Britain violated the “Social contract” between it and the colonist by not protecting these rights. Great britain quartered their troops in colonist homes without consent and did many injustices to harm colonists justice systems.
One point brought up by the colonist in the Declaration of Independence the unfair taxation without representation. The colonist were unfairly taxed even though they had no representation in the government that was in control of them. This violated the social contract because the colonist were stricken their right to representation and were also unfairly taxed without consent(“For imposing Taxes on us without our consent”)while receiving nothing in return. Great Britain violated the social contract to such a high degree by doing this that the separation by the colonist was inevitable and necessary for the future of the colonist.
Another point brought up by the colonist when defending their decision to leave Great Britain is that Great Britain did not protect the unalienable natural rights of the colonists that every man is born with. Every Man is born with the natural rights of Life, liberty and property according to the philosopher John Locke. The colonists believed that no man shall be restrained from being granted these rights and that Great Britain did not protect them. Due to the fact the Great Britain did not protect these rights it was now the right of the colonists to separate themselves from Great Britain(“That whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or abolish it.”)
Without the consent of the colonists a standing british army was always present. The colonist were forced to quarter large armies inside of their homes and communities, “He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.” The armies were tried in fake and rigged trials in which they would go unpunished for crimes such as murders committed against the colonists,”For protecting them, by a mock Trial from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States.” The colonist also did not have the opportunity to stand on trial in front of a jury,”For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury.”. No man should have to live in fear that he or one of his loved ones could be killed and have the man who committed the murder receive no punishment or that he would be thrown in prison because he had no jury to plea to in court.
One final point brought up by the colonists to support their separation from Great Britain was Great Britain’s neglect towards colonists’ laws and lawmakers. King George III “refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.” making the progress of justice impossible in the colonies. He has “forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance.” allowing injustices to continue. He has, “called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their Public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.” making talks of changing the unfair and unjust justice system of the colonies a very difficult thing to do.